University of Notre Dame
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Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Data — v. 14

posted on 2024-05-13, 22:01 authored by Adam Glynn, Agnes Cornell, Allen HICKEN, Brigitte Seim, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Daniel Pemstein, Daniel Ziblatt, Eitan Tzelgov, Haakon Gjerløw, Jan Teorell, Jeffrey Staton, Johannes von Römer, John Gerring, Katrin Kinzelbach, Kelly McMann, Kyle L. Marquardt, Lisa Gastaldi, Luca J. Uberti, M. Steven Fish, Michael Bernhard, Michael CoppedgeMichael Coppedge, Pamela Paxton, Rachel Sigman, Sandra Grahn, Staffan I. Lindberg, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Tore Wig, Valeriya Mechkova, Yi-Ting Wang

Collected data sets from March 2023, Varieties of Democracy, version 14.

V-Dem seeks to capture seven different conceptions of democracy—participatory, consensual, majoritarian, deliberative, and egalitarian, in addition to the more familiar electoral and liberal democracy—in all countries since 1900. The different types of democracy are broken down into components and then into more than 400 specific indicators. The reliable, precise nature of the indicators as well as their lengthy historical coverage is useful to scholars studying why democracy succeeds or fails and how it affects human development, as well as to governments and NGOs wishing to evaluate efforts to promote democracy. V-Dem makes the improved indicators freely available for use by researchers, NGOs, international organizations, activists, and journalists. More information about V-Dem is available at, including visualization interfaces for data from 177 countries and the complete 2018 dataset for download.


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Version 14

Additional Groups

  • Kellogg Inst for Intrnl Studies
  • Political Science


Michael Coppedge