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Hieronymites Monastery: Exterior detail showing the upper and lower arcade of the cloister

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posted on 2017-07-05, 00:00 authored by G. Massiot & cie
Work on the vast square cloister (55 x 55 m) of the monastery was begun by Boitac. Jo\u00E3o de Castilho completed the cloister, crowning it with an upper storey.\u000a\u000aEstablished near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Bel\u00E9m, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) decided to build a grand monastery for the Hieronymite Order, which would continue to serve mariners as well as providing a burial place for the king. It also commemorated Vasco da Gama's successful return from India and was built with money from the spice trade; he is buried in the church. This project drained funds from the work at Batalha, which remained unfinished. The complex includes the church, monastery, sacristy, and refectory. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History

Alt Title

Mosteiro dos Jerónimos

Date Created

1910-01-01

Date Modified

2017-07-05

Spatial Coverage

Belém (Lisbon, Distrito de Lisboa, Portugal): Santa Maria de Belém, or just Belém is a parish (neighborhood) of Lisbon, located 6 km west of the present city center Belém +38.6975-9.206667

Temporal Coverage

before or circa 1910

Cultural Context

['Manueline', 'Late Gothic', 'Plateresque']

Rights Statement

To view the physical lantern slide, please contact the Architecture Library.

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