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Supramolecular Paradigm for Capture and Co-Precipitation of Gold(III) Coordination Complexes

journal contribution
posted on 2022-11-22, 00:00 authored by Allen G. Oliver, Bradley D SmithBradley D Smith
A new supramolecular paradigm is presented for reliable capture and co-precipitation of haloauric acids (HAuX4) from organic solvents or water. Two classes of acyclic organic compounds act as complementary receptors (tectons) by forming two sets of directional non-covalent interactions, (a) hydrogen bonding between amide (or amidinium) NH residues and the electronegative X ligands on the AuX4 @, and (b) electrostatic stacking of the electron deficient Au center against the face of an aromatic surface. X-ray diffraction analysis of four co-crystal structures reveals the additional common feature of proton bridged carbonyls as a new and predictable supramolecular design element that creates one-dimensional polymers linked by very short hydrogen bonds (CO···OC distance <2.5 a). Two other co-crystal structures show that the amidinium-p···XAu interaction will reliably engage AuX4 @ with high directionality. These acyclic compounds are very attractive as co-precipitation agents within new “green” gold recovery processes. They also have high potential as tectons for controlled self-assembly or co-crystal engineering of haloaurate composites. More generally, the supramolecular paradigm will facilitate the design of next-generation receptors or tectons with high affinity for precious metal square planar coordination complexes for use in advanced materials, nanotechnology, or medicine.


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  • English


Wiley-VCH GmbH

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  • Integrated Imaging Facility

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    Chemistry and Biochemistry


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