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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A large medieval abbey church in the city Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris. Its choir, completed in 1144, shows the first use of all of the elements of Gothic architecture. Both stylistically and structurally, the Basilica heralded the change from Romanesque architecture to Gothic architecture. The basilica became a place of pilgrimage and the burial place of the French Kings with nearly every king from the 10th to the 18th centuries being buried there, as well as many from previou…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded in 654 by Saint Philibert, Jumièges Abbey was ruined in the Norman invasions from 841. In 942 William I, Duke of Normandy, brought 12 monks from Poitiers to refound it. The church of St. Pierre was rebuilt towards the end of the 10th century. Thierry, Abbot of Jumièges, envisaged the reconstruction of the great Carolingian abbey church of Notre-Dame and probably began the work but died (1027) before he was able to finish the project. Notre-Dame was built between 1040 and 1067 and was …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The nave (width 8.5 m), with unarticulated walls, consists of arcades with plain arches springing from rectangular piers with imposts; above is a row of blind oculi (no doubt originally decorated with painting or inlay), then a narrow circulation gallery returning into the western tribune and open to the nave through paired arches. (Grove)

    Founded in 654 by Saint Philibert, Jumièges Abbey was ruined in the Norman invasions from 841. In 942 William I, Duke of Normandy, brought 12 monks from P…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Benedictine monastery in Murbach, southern Alsace, in a valley at the foot of the Grand Ballon in the Vosges. The monastery was founded in 727 by Eberhard, Count of Alsace, and established as a Benedictine house by Saint Pirmin. Its territory once comprised 3 towns and 30 villages. The abbey was important politically, and Charlemagne himself took the title “Abbot of Murbach” (in a secular sense) in 792, making it an imperial abbey. The buildings, including the abbey church, one of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Abbey church of the regular canons of Saint Augustine. Classed as an historic monument 1948. The abbey was founded either in 1000 or 1077. Longer than forty-five meters, the abbey church of the twelfth century was a single nave, originally with three domes on pendentives. The facade, flanked by attached pilasters, is divided into three registers by cornices, and presents an elegant series of blind arcades. Its multilobed portal opens between two narrow blind arches. The moldings are bare but …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Soissons has been subject to many invasions and devastations, most notably in 948 by the Normans, in the 16th century during the Wars of Religion, during the French Revolution and during World War I. Of the twenty-two churches that once existed in the city, only two, the cathedral, and St Léger, now survive basically intact. The Abbey of St. Jean des Vignes was a monastery of Augustinian Canons situated in the south western hills of Soissons. Only ruins remain; the Gothic west façade and towe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Saint-Gilles-du-Gard was one of the pilgrimage sites on route to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Former Cluniac monastery; the present building was begun in the first half of the 11th century, when the shrine of the saint became a place of international pilgrimage. The church was consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096. Constructed over three centuries and never completed, it consists of a large crypt or lower church surmounted by an equally large upper church. The earliest work is in t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded in 654 by Saint Philibert, Jumièges Abbey was ruined in the Norman invasions from 841. In 942 William I, Duke of Normandy, brought 12 monks from Poitiers to refound it. The church of St. Pierre was rebuilt towards the end of the 10th century. Thierry, Abbot of Jumièges, envisaged the reconstruction of the great Carolingian abbey church of Notre-Dame and probably began the work but died (1027) before he was able to finish the project. Notre-Dame was built between 1040 and 1067 and was …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The church of a Benedictine abbey (following the Clunaic order). An aisled transeptless basilica terminated to the east in a hemicycle with five shallow radiating chapels and ambulatory; the axial bay is wider (like Saint-Martin-des-Champs). The chevet of St-Leu with its shallow chapels refers both to St-Denis and to Senlis Cathedral; the plan and dimensions are particularly close to the latter. Unusual at S-Leu is the high chapel (added) over the axial bay of the hemicyle and the middle leve…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public