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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The classic example of the single-aperture arch is the monumental Arch of Titus in the Forum Romanum. Relief panels in the passageways depict the triumph of Titus (Triumph of Titus and Spoils of Jerusalem), and a rectangular panel in the soffit of the arch shows his apotheosis. (The arch was built by the emperor Domitian shortly after the death of his older brother Titus.) The Arch of Titus seems to have inspired the similar but more richly decorated Arch of Trajan (AD 114) at Benevento.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Soldiers depicted looting a menorah from the Temple of Jerusalem. The menorah depicted on the Arch served as the model for the menorah used on the modern emblem of the State of Israel.

    The classic example of the single-aperture arch is the monumental Arch of Titus in the Forum Romanum. Relief panels in the passageways depict the triumph of Titus (Triumph of Titus and Spoils of Jerusalem), and a rectangular panel in the soffit of the arch shows his apotheosis. (The arch was built by the emper…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Visible are round reliefs dated to the times of Emperor Hadrian. This side, left to right; departure for the hunt, sacrifice to Silvanus, hunt of a bear, sacrifice to Diana. The head of the emperor (originally Hadrian) has been reworked in all the medallions.

    Erected to commemorate Constantine I’s victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312. Dedicated in 315, it is the latest of the existing triumphal arches in Rome. The arch is heavily decorated with parts …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Quadrifrons is a form of triumphal arch with four arches (one pair opposite each other, and the second pair opposite each other at right angles) and hence with barrel vaulted passageway in the form of a cross.

    The Arch of Janus is the only quadrifrons triumphal arch preserved in Rome, across a crossroads in the Velabrum-Forum Boarium. It was built in the early 4th century of spolia, possibly in honour of Constantine I or Constantius II. Its current name is probably from the Renaissance or la…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Center sculpture is the winged lion, symbol of St. Mark and of Venice. Stairs are visible behind the arch.

    Part of the UNESCO designated site known as “The city of Vicenza and the Palladian villas of the Veneto”. Little is known of the arch itself, except the date of construction, 1595. [Architect is unknown.] It marks the beginning of the stepped access route to Monte Berico known as ‘le Scalette’. The sculptures on top are by Giovanni Battista Albanese. “He was the m…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The palace was built in 1260 by Guglielmo Boccanegra, uncle of Simone Boccanegra, the first Doge of Genoa. For the construction of the new palace, materials were used from the demolition of the Venetian embassy in Constantinople, having been obtained from Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII as a reward for Genoese aid against the Latin Empire. Stone lions, the emblem of Venice’s patron St. Mark were displayed as trophies on the facade by her bitter rival, the Republic of Genoa. The palace was …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The entrance is formed by a splendid Late Gothic/ Early Renaissance triumphal arch, with rich sculptured decoration, erected between 1453 and 1467 in honor of the entry of Alfonso I of Aragon.

    The fortified residence was built in 1281 by the architects Pierre de Chaule and Pierre d'Agincourt for Charles I of Anjou (reigned 1266-1285), who elevated Naples to the status of capital of the Kingdom of Sicily and Naples. Maschio Angioino translates as the Angevin Keep. The site combined proxim…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Views of Ancona distributed by the French company G. Massiot & Cie (actual photographer unknown). Distributed before 1912. Ancona is located on the Adriatic Sea; was founded by Greeks from Syracuse; thrived as Roman naval base after Illyrian War of 178 BCE; given to popes by Charlemagne in 774 CE; later was maritime republic; again under papal rule from 1532.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 268 BCE at the mouth of the Ariminus (today, Marecchia) river, the Romans founded the colony of Ariminum. As the terminus of the Via Flaminia, which ended here in the surviving Arch of Augustus (erected 27 BCE), Rimini was a road junction (Via Flaminia and Via Emilia) connecting central Italy and northern Italy. The merlons were added in the Middle Ages, when it was incorporated as a city gate. It was restored in the 18th century by Tommaso Temenza.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Located SE of Naples at foot of Mount Vesuvius; possibly founded by the Oscans in 6th century BCE; ruled by Samnites, then taken by Rome ca. 80 BCE; was prosperous city and resort; damaged by earthquake in 63 CE, rebuilt; destroyed by eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE. The eruption buried Pompeii under 22 meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1,600 years before its accidental rediscovery around 1592. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Located SE of Naples at foot of Mount Vesuvius; possibly founded by the Oscans in 6th century BCE; ruled by Samnites, then taken by Rome ca. 80 BCE; was prosperous city and resort; damaged by earthquake in 63 CE, rebuilt; destroyed by eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE. The eruption buried Pompeii under 22 meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1,600 years before its accidental rediscovery around 1592. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The exact origins of the Arch are unclear. It is now generally agreed that it has nothing to do with Nero Claudius Drusus, the conqueror of the Germans. Some versions have the arch being constructed as part of a spur added to the Aqua Marcia by Caracalla in 211-216 AD to take water from that aqueduct to Caracalla’s new baths. However, it appears more likely that the arch predated the aqueduct and that the aqueduct (aqua Antoniniana) was conveniently routed over the top of the arch.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public