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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Bristles with decorative forms, and coats of arms in a mix of revival styles including Gothic, Manueline and Mudéjar forms.

    It is a national monument and constitutes one of the major expressions of 19th century Romanticism in the world. The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site began as a small shrine and later monastery, built 1493. From 1839 Ferdinand II and Wilhelm Ludwig Eschwege built the Palácio da Pena in a Romantic style, incorporating the remains of the Hieronymite monast…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The stair is a 17th century addition when the Zisa, reduced to very poor conditions, was purchased by Giovanni di Sandoval. The latter’s marble emblem with two lions can be seen over the entrance. The external windows were also modified.

    The Zisa is a castle in the western part of Palermo, Sicily. The construction was begun in the 12th century by Arab craftsmen for king William I of Sicily, and completed by his son William II. The edifice had been conceived as summer residence for the No…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The structure was built in the 12th century by William I, the son of Roger II of Sicily, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Naples. With the succession of the Angevins in 1266, Naples was the capital of a great kingdom, and there are records of a further increase in the population: in 1278 there were nearly 30,000 inhabitants. Under Charles I (reigned 1266-1285) Castel Capuano was restored, and the southern stretch of city walls was enlarged. All of the city’s various legal offices and d…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The lintel above the doorway, showing two scenes from the Lives of SS Hubert and Christopher, is the most impressive sculpture to survive and is probably the work of Netherlandish sculptors, including Casin d'Utrecht.

    Built in the eleventh century on a promontory overlooking the Loire River to control a strategic ford that was replaced in the Middle Ages by a bridge. Expanded and improved over time, on 4 September 1434 it was seized by Charles VII of France. Once in royal hands, the chât…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Formerly a small study of Louis XVI, redecorated for Napoleon in 1811 with a small camp bed of gilt iron and a Empire style desk by Jacob Desmalter.

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie François I, was to be constructed linking this with the Trinitarian abbey to the west, which was soon…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie François I, was to be constructed linking this with the Trinitarian abbey to the west, which was soon demolished and replaced by the Cour du Cheval Blanc. The north range of the Cour du Cheval Blanc survives almost unaltered and is of plastered rubble…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Only the chimney piece (1535-1537), with stucco work and a medallion painting (of the Marriage of Venus and Adonis after Giulio Romano) and the ceiling restored in the nineteenth century preserve the original decorations of Primaticcio (1534 -1537).

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Built between 1528 and 1530, it measures about 60 meters long and 6 meters wide. The Gallery links the apartments of Francis to the Chapel of the Trinity. The decoration is by Rosso Fiorentino, 1535-1537.

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie François I, was to be constructed linking thi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The present building was begun (1751) for Louis XV, King of France, by Anges-Jacques Gabriel. It was finished (1786) for Louis XVI by Le Dreux de la Châtre (b 1721) to Gabriel’s plans. The plan is trapezoidal, with the garden front placed at an oblique angle to the cour d'honneur, a complexity necessitated by the awkwardness of the site. There was no damage to the building during the French Revolution although the contents were sold (1795), and after a period as a military academy, th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally built by Christophe Perrot in 1622. It was formerly the residence of Joséphine de Beauharnais, (later the Empress) and with the Tuileries, was from 1800 to 1802 the headquarters of the French government. It is the most complete expression of the Consulate style, and owed more perhaps to the taste of Empress Josephine than to Napoleon. Fontaine and Percier were received at Malmaison on 31 December 1799 and presented to First Consul Bonaparte by the painter Jacques-Louis David. They …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Letizia Ramolino Bonaparte (1750-1836) or “Madame Mere” was the mother of Napoleon I. The original sculpture dates from 1804-1807, marble, 145 cm high. This copy was placed in this gallery in 1857.

    The present building was begun (1751) for Louis XV, King of France, by Anges-Jacques Gabriel. It was finished (1786) for Louis XVI by Le Dreux de la Châtre (b 1721) to Gabriel’s plans. The plan is trapezoidal, with the garden front placed at an oblique angle to the cour d'honneur…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Decorated in Second Empire style.

    The present building was begun (1751) for Louis XV, King of France, by Anges-Jacques Gabriel. It was finished (1786) for Louis XVI by Le Dreux de la Châtre (b 1721) to Gabriel’s plans. The plan is trapezoidal, with the garden front placed at an oblique angle to the cour d'honneur, a complexity necessitated by the awkwardness of the site. There was no damage to the building during the French Revolution although the contents were sold (1795), and after…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01