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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Minaret, possibly one of the two minarets of the mosque, which was completed around 1318, built by Sultan Nasir Mohammed ibn Kalaoun.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Appropriated the minaret as a bell-tower (1589-1593; 1656; restored 18th century).

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone voussoirs, which were later coloured. It was enlarged by building programs until 988. In 1236 Ferdinand III of Castile and…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Each door has a blind horseshoe arch inscribed in an alfiz above an arched lintel and are framed with niches and blind arcades that often exhibit such complex arch types as interlaced or polylobed arches.

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    La Giralda is the city’s most famous symbol. Its square base is 13.61 metres and a height of 105 metres. It was built as a minaret of the old mosque, although the bell tower and spire top is Renaissance (1568). The name comes from the statue of Faith (a weathervane) which tops the spire. It is one of three remaining Almohad minarets in the world.

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shows the many ships in the Bosphorus Strait and the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn in the distance.

    The Bayezid II Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the Beyazıt Square area of Istanbul, Turkey, near the ruins of the Forum of Theodosius of ancient Constantinople, commissioned by Bayezid II (1447-1512). The surrounding külliye complex (madrasah, primary school, imaret (public kitchen) and hammam), date from 1501 to 1506. The dome was partially rebuilt after an earthquak…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 AD on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. Like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasah and a hospice. When Ahmed I (reigned 1603-1617) ascended the throne, no imperial mosque had been built in the city for 44 years. The Sultan selected Mehmed Aga as chief architect and picked a site of immense symbolic significance, in the heart of the city on a site containing the ruins of the Byzantine Great Palace…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A small mosque near the old crusader castle. It still looks very similar in modern photographs, with a distinctive single minaret and courtyard. Prince Youssef Chehab [(Youssef Shahabi (1763–1788)] of Lebanon captured the city ca. 1780; the mosque is named for him. He also returned the Church of St. John to the Maronites. The city was ruled as an emirate within the Ottoman Empire by the Maan and Chehab dynasties.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Built by the emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658) as the tomb for his favourite wife, Arjumand Banu Begum (died 1631). The building’s name (literally “Crown Palace”) is a corruption of the queen’s title, Mumtaz-i Mahal (“Chosen of the Palace”). She died in Khandesh giving birth to her 14th child, while accompanying the emperor on a military campaign. First entombed at Burhanpur, her body was brought to Agra in 1632, when the Taj Mahal was under construction. The …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Built by the emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658) as the tomb for his favourite wife, Arjumand Banu Begum (died 1631). The building’s name (literally “Crown Palace”) is a corruption of the queen’s title, Mumtaz-i Mahal (“Chosen of the Palace”). She died in Khandesh giving birth to her 14th child, while accompanying the emperor on a military campaign. First entombed at Burhanpur, her body was brought to Agra in 1632, when the Taj Mahal was under construction. The …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The complex of the Mamluk sultan Qala'un (reigned 1280-1290) was built in 1284-1285 on the site of the former Fatimid palace. It comprises a hospital (maristan), madrasa, mausoleum and minaret. The hospital incorporated some of the old palace. The madrasa has an unusual four-iwan plan with two vestigial iwans on the sides; it anticipates those popular for madrasas in later centuries.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The largest mosque in France and the third largest in Europe. It was founded after World War I as a sign of France’s gratefulness to the colonies’s Muslim tirailleurs, 70,000 of whom died fighting against Germany. The Mosque was built following the mudéjar style. Initially sponsored by the king of Morocco, it was reassigned to Algeria in 1957 by the French Foreign Minister. The tile work was done by Moroccan artisans. The Paris Mosque was built between 1922 and 1926 in a composite Moo…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01