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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    An inscription on the eastern gate of the Quwwat al-Islam Mosque hints at the lost splendour of ancient (Tomara) Delhi when it states that 27 temples were destroyed and their stone reused to build the mosque complex. In the middle of the mosque’s courtyard is the Iron Pillar (ca. 400), a relic of the Gupta period cast in a pure, non-corrosive iron. According to the Sanskrit inscription, the tapering column (7.21 m) was a victory standard (Skt dhvaja) in honor of Vishnu and was probably cr…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the most impressive buildings within the fort is the Moti Masjid (“Pearl Mosque”), situated north of the Divan-i ‛Am. It is entered through a red sandstone gateway, but the interior is of pure white marble. The courtyard (48.16 x 48.16 m) has arcades on three sides and the prayer-hall on the west. The prayer-hall is three aisles deep and seven bays wide, with seven cusped arches forming the façade. The superstructure consists of three bulbous domes; there are octagonal chatri…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the most impressive buildings within the fort is the Moti Masjid (“Pearl Mosque”), situated north of the Divan-i ‛Am. It is entered through a red sandstone gateway, but the interior is of pure white marble. The courtyard (48.16 x 48.16 m) has arcades on three sides and the prayer-hall on the west. The prayer-hall is three aisles deep and seven bays wide, with seven cusped arches forming the façade. The superstructure consists of three bulbous domes; there are octagonal chatri…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The mosque is one building out of several that comprise the ‘dargah’ or shrine complex of the Muslim saint Shaikh Shah Alam. The saint was spiritual advisor to Sultan Mahmud Shah Begarha (reigned 1458-1511) and his shrine is still an important centre for pilgrimage today. The tombs and assembly hall date to the late fifteenth century, but this mosque was built during the later sixteenth century. It has an open-fronted sanctuary facade with high, staged minarets at either end. The mosq…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The congregational mosque (Jami‛ Masjid), is the focus of the complex. It is one of the largest and most ornately finished mosques in India. Built on a high plinth, it has a vast central courtyard (133.73 x 109.68 m) with a prayer-hall on the west and arcades on the other three sides. The prayer-hall has three domes, one over the central bay and the others over square bays that form part of the wings. The façade is dominated by the central bay’s high recessed arch, which is set within a r…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Approximately ten meters to the east of the tomb of Salim Chishti is the larger tomb of Islam Khan I. The tomb, while larger than that of Salim Chishti, is less dominating due to its red sandstone cladding, which blends with the rest of the complex. Islam Khan I (Shaikh Alauddin Chisti, 1570-1613) was grandson of Shaikh Salim Chishti, and became a general in the Mughal army in the reign of Jahangir. The tomb is topped by a dome and thirty-six small domed chattris, and contains a number of gra…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01