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  • Author(s):
    Michael Cooper, Paul Perrin
    Abstract:

    As digital society transforms our lives, MEL practitioners and policy makers will need to develop new paradigms, protocols, and practices for performing in an emerging Web 3.0 landscape driven by blockchain technology. Our effective and equitable performance will require evidence-driven tools that can only result from collaborative and curated learning. This Web 3.0 Learning Agenda contributes to this learning by posing the initial data governance, measurement, and ethical knowledge gaps for…

    Date Created:
    2022-11-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Nancy McCarthy, Paul Winters
    Abstract:

    There is renewed interest in irrigation to help build climate resilience in sub-Saharan on the part of governments and donors. However, many previous irrigation investments have significantly underperformed. In this brief we consider the factors that are associated with irrigation system performance for two different types of systems: surface water irrigation schemes with many irrigators and groundwater pumping systems adopted by individual farmers. Surface water schemes that take advanta…

    Date Created:
    2022-11-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Marc F. Muller, Diane Desierto, Ellis Adams, Georges Enderle, Elizabeth Dolan, Ray Offenheiser, Leonardo Bertassello, Nathaniel Hanna, Shambhavi Shekokar, Sean O'Neill, Tom Purekal
    Abstract:

    Worsening global water insecurity drastically impairs the health and livelihoods of communities throughout the world, while further endangering interlinked ecosystems in our planet. This is especially true in areas impacted by water-intensive, yet critically needed, industries like the mining, beverage, garment, and agriculture sectors. Within these industrial spaces, any effective water stewardship strategy or allocation plan must consider the human right to water. This paper introduces the …

    Date Created:
    2022-11-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    White Paper
  • Author(s):
    Justin Stoler, Danice Brown Guzman, Ellis A. Adams
    Abstract:

    Many water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions have traditionally implemented monitoring and evaluation plans that use a narrow set of WASH indicators that reflect a 20th-century prioritization of microbiological water quality as the most important proxy for WASH intervention success. Even when water is microbiologically safe, there are often substantial structural, behavioral, and institutional barriers to access. Measures of WASH intervention success should incorporate these impac…

    Date Created:
    2022-09-15
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Abstract:

    On a quarterly basis, the Kroc Institute produces independent, impartial, and academically rigorous information on the status of the implementation of the Final Accord. The quarterly reports aim to promote implementation processes and public dialogue and are presented to government and non-government entities in charge of implementation, civil society organizations, the international community, and all other parties committed or interested in this process.

    Date Created:
    2022-08-25
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Josefina Echavarría, Cécile Mouly
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 7

    This brief focuses on influential factors for turning Comprehensive Peace Agreements (CPAs) into sustainable platforms for nonviolent social and political change following internal armed conflict. Taking an extensive look at peace processes involving CPAs, the authors recommend that accord negotiators anticipate implementation challenges and set priorities for accord provisions. In addition, negotiators and mediators should include safeguards in the text of peace agreement…

    Date Created:
    2022-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Sally Sharif, Madhav Joshi
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 12

    Since the end of the Cold War, twenty-four civil wars have ended in rebel victory. New rebel governments face existential threats both internally and externally. With rebel victory, international actors may quickly resort to putting pressure on former non-state actors to prevent renewed conflict. In addition, the structural factors that influence rebel victory in armed conflict, such as weak institutions, economic and political grievances, and arms availability, condition…

    Date Created:
    2022-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Rothkopf, Ilana
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 11

    How do peace agreements lead to new constitutions? Can constitutionalizing Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) provisions supplement or reinforce CPAs? In countries emerging from civil conflict, constitutional reform is increasingly used as both a conflict-management and state-building mechanism. Nineteen of thirty-four (55.8%) CPAs in the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) dataset include a provision for constitutional reform, and constitutional reform has been initiated to some…

    Date Created:
    2022-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    William Kakenmaster, Tracy Kijewski-Correa, Debra Javeline, Angela Chesler
    Abstract:

    As climate changes, coastal homeowners are potentially crucial actors in reducing the risks to property and human life from rising seas and increased hurricane activity. Absent strict, enforceable regulations mandating retrofitting of existing homes or major changes in homeowner insurance requirements, coastal resilience in a changing climate will largely reflect private, voluntary decisions of millions of individuals. However, research is scarce on the current risk level of U.S. coastal home…

    Date Created:
    2022-07-19
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Jeongmin Lee, Dennis Chirawurah, Patrick Asuming, Mohammed Amin Dawuda
    Abstract:

    Improving reading outcomes has been a central policy and program goal of the Government of Ghana and its partners. Since July 2021, T2E+ has been supporting transitional bilingual instruction for children from kindergarten 2 to Basic 3 (equivalent to primary grade 3) in 5,425 public schools in Ghana. The program is designed to enhance the development of English reading skills by first teaching children transferable language and reading skills in their mother tongues. The SHARE project, funded…

    Date Created:
    2022-06-30
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Josefina Echavarría Álvarez, Mateo Gómez Vásquez, Brenda Forero Linares, Mariana Balen Giancola, Miyerlandy Cabanzo Valencia, Enrique Gutiérrez Pulido, Madhav Joshi, Jaime Márquez Díaz, Gerard Martin, Patrick McQuestion, Tatiana Menjura Roldán, Jason Quinn, Angela Ramírez Rincón, Ana María Rodríguez Contreras, Natalia Restrepo Ortiz, Cristian Sáez Florez, Carolina Serrano Idrovo, Ivonne Zúñiga García
    Abstract:

    El Instituto Kroc provee cada tres meses información independiente, imparcial, y con rigurosidad académica sobre el estado de la implementación del Acuerdo Final. Los informes trimestrales se presentan a los representantes de las partes firmantes en la Comisión de Seguimiento Impulso y Verificación (CSIVI), a las entidades implementadoras, a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil, a la comunidad internacional y en general a todos los actores involucrados en la implementación del Acuerdo Fina…

    Date Created:
    2022-06-30
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Todd Diamond, David Cortright
    Abstract:

    Conflict narratives in fragile states are often framed by identity groups or other non-state actors along ideological or ethno-sectarian lines to achieve political ends. But in many instances, the main grievances of populations in affected communities are centered around basic dignity and livelihoods. Using conflict-affected Iraq as a case study, this brief provides evidence of and recommendations for legitimizing government to strengthen and stabilize fragile states.

    Date Created:
    2022-07-13
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief