Children's Environmental Health Initiative (CEHI)

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  • Author(s):
    Mercedes A.Bravo, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Abstract Background Persistent disparities in academic performance may result from a confluence of adverse exposures accruing disproportionately to specific subpopulations.

    Objective Our overarching objective was to investigate how multiple exposures experienced over time affect early childhood educational outcomes. We were specifically interested in whether there were: racial/ethnic disparities in prevalence of adverse exposures; racial/ethnic disparities in associations observed between ad…

    Date Published:
    2021-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Ji-Young Son, Rebecca L.Muenich, Danica Schaffer-Smith, Marie Lynn Miranda , Michelle L.Bella
    Abstract:

    Background Several studies have reported environmental disparities regarding exposure to concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Public health implications of environmental justice from the intensive livestock industry are of great concern in North Carolina (NC), USA, a state with a large number and extensive history of CAFOs.

    Objectives We examined disparities by exposure to CAFOs using several environmental justice metrics and considering potentially vulnerable subpopulations.

    Met…

    Date Published:
    2021-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    David C. Bailey, Michael D. Seamon, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Summary What is already known about this topic?

    Although various implementation strategies for SARS-CoV-2 testing on college and university campuses have been described, little has been published regarding successful responses to COVID-19 outbreaks on campus.

    What is added by this report?

    In response to a COVID-19 outbreak on a university campus in August 2020, rapid implementation of multiple measures, including aggressive testing, tracing, and isolation; enhanced data systems; and commun…

    Date Published:
    2021-01-29
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    M.L. Miranda, P. Mohai, J. Bus, G. Charnley, E. Dorward-King, P. Foster, W. Munns
    Abstract:

    Human-ecological interconnections: Policy concepts and applications

    Date Published:
    2002-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Buttke, D., Wolkin, A., Stapleton, H.M., Miranda, M.L.
    Abstract:

    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) are flame retardants that were previously used in upholstery, fabrics, and household appliances. PBDEs have been linked to adverse health outcomes, including neurotoxicity, thyroid hormone dysregulation, endocrine disruption, and poor semen quality. Because PBDEs pass into placental circulation, maternal exposures can approximate fetal exposures. Our objectives were to determine whether diet and specific human behaviors were significantly associated with …

    Date Published:
    2012-07-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Miranda, M.L., Messer, L., Kroeger, G.
    Abstract:

    Background: The built environment, a key component of environmental health, may be an important contributor to health disparities, particularly for reproductive health outcomes.

    Objective: In this study we investigated the relationship between seven indices of residential built environment quality and adverse reproductive outcomes for the City of Durham, North Carolina (USA).

    Methods: We surveyed approximately 17,000 residential tax parcels in central Durham, assessing > 50 individual va…

    Date Published:
    2012-03-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    D. Buttke, A. Wolkin, H.M. Stapleton, M.L. Miranda
    Abstract:

    Background: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are chemical additives used as flame retardants in commercial products. PBDEs are bioaccumulative and persistent and have been linked to several adverse health outcomes.

    Objectives: This study leverages an ongoing pregnancy cohort to measure PBDEs and PBDE metabolites in serum collected from an understudied population of pregnant women late in their third trimester. A secondary objective was to determine whether the PBDEs or their metabolite…

    Date Published:
    2011-06-29
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    L. C. Vinikoor-Imler, S.C. Gray, S.E. Edwards, M.L. Miranda
    Abstract:

    Summary

    Gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are conditions that affect the health of both mothers and infants during and after pregnancy. Recent research indicates the importance of considering environmental, social and individual contributors to poor pregnancy outcomes. Our research examined particulate matter (PM) concentrations as one measure of environmental exposure and neighbourhood quality as one measure of the social environment. We used these measures, as well as m…

    Date Published:
    2012-03-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    R. Anthopolos, S.A. James, A.E. Gelfand, M.L. Miranda
    Abstract:

    Research on racial residential segregation (RRS) and birth outcomes has focused on RRS at a broad geographic scale, in an aspatial framework, and in northern US cities. We developed a spatial measure of neighborhood level racial isolation of blacks. We examined the association between this new measure and low birthweight, preterm birth, and birthweight in the southern state of North Carolina. Natality data were obtained from the North Carolina Detailed Birth Record 1998–2002 files. Using mult…

    Date Published:
    2011-12-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Messer, L., Maxson, P., Miranda, M.L
    Abstract:

    The determinants that underlie a healthy or unhealthy pregnancy are complex and not well understood. We assess the relationship between the built environment and maternal psychosocial status using directly observed residential neighborhood characteristics (housing damage, property disorder, tenure status, vacancy, security measures, violent crime, and nuisances) and a wide range of psychosocial attributes (interpersonal support evaluation list, self-efficacy, John Henryism active coping, nega…

    Date Published:
    2012-08-21
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Miranda, M.L., Anthopolos, R., Hastings, D
    Abstract:

    Background: Aviation gasoline, commonly referred to as avgas, is a leaded fuel used in small aircraft. Recent concern about the effects of lead emissions from planes has motivated the U.S. Environmental Protection to consider regulating leaded avgas.

    Objective: In this study we investigated the relationship between lead from avgas and blood lead levels in children living in six counties in North Carolina.

    Methods: We used geographic information systems to approximate areas surrounding airpo…

    Date Published:
    2011-07-13
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Miranda, M.L., Edwards, S., Keating, M., Paul, C.
    Abstract:

    This paper assesses whether the Clean Air Act and its Amendments have been equally successful in ensuring the right to healthful air quality in both advantaged and disadvantaged communities in the United States. Using a method to rank air quality established by the American Lung Association in its 2009 State of the Air report along with EPA air quality data, we assess the environmental justice dimensions of air pollution exposure and access to air quality information in the United States. We …

    Date Published:
    2011-05-25
    Record Visibility:
    Public