Integrated Imaging Facility

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  • Author(s):
    Tor Elmelund, Rebecca Scheidt, Brian Seger, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    MAPbBr3 and MAPbI3 films cast onto glass slides and physically paired together undergo halide exchange to form mixed halide films. The change in halide composition in these two ∼130 nm thick films occurs concurrently with Br− diffusing toward the MAPbI3 film and I− diffusing toward the MAPbBr3 film. The diffusion of these halide species, which is tracked through changes in the absorption, offers a direct measurement of thermally activated halide diffusion in perovskite films. The increase in …

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Hahkjoon Kim, Jungyun Lee, Prakash Kamat, Jin Ho Bang
    Abstract:

    Disclosed are then inorganic membranes having a defined topography that includes pores having a defined diameter of nanometer and sub-nanometer diameter. The thin membranes are resistant to protein denaturing agents, and may be employed in analytical and clinical methods for identifying single amino acid residues within the sequence of a protein and the pores are other than NspA pores. Methods for making a thin inorganic membrane with nanopore and sub-nanopore topography and conical cone stru…

    Date Published:
    2019-03
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Alexander Mukasyan, Sergey Roslyakov, Joshua Pauls, Leighton Gallington, Tatuama Pr;pva, Xinyu Liu, Margaret Dobrowolska, Jacek Furdyna, Khachatur Manukyan
    Abstract:

    A single-step method for the preparation of metastable ε-Fe3N nanoparticles by combustion of reactive gels containing iron nitrate (Fe(NO3)3) and hexamethylene-tetramine (C6H12N4) in an inert atmosphere is reported. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal analysis coupled with dynamic mass spectrometry revealed that the exothermic decomposition of a coordination complex formed between Fe(NO3)3 and HMTA is responsible for the formation of ε-Fe3N nanoscale part…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Rebecca Scheidt, Corey Atwell, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    The control of grain size and surface properties is an important parameter in controlling the optoelectronic and photovoltaic properties of metal halide perovskites. When CsPbBr 3 nanocrystal (∼10 nm in diameter) films were annealed at 100−125 °C, they grow in size to produce ∼400 nm diameter crystallites while transforming into bulk perovskite films. Characteristic changes in the optical properties were noted when such transformation occurred from nanocrystals into bulk. By tracking absorban…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Randal Marks, Joseph Seaman, Patricia Perez-Calleja, Junyeol Kim, Robert Nerenberg
    Abstract:

    Heterogeneous hydrogenation catalysis is a promising approach for treating oxidized contaminants in drinking water, but scale-up has been limited by the challenge of immobilization of the catalyst while maintaining efficient mass transport and reaction kinetics. We describe a new process that addresses this issue: the catalytic hydrogel membrane (CHM) reactor. The CHM consists of a gas- permeable hollow-fiber membrane coated with an alginate- based hydrogel containing catalyst nanoparticles. …

    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    P. J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    P. J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    J. M. Pauls, N. F. Shkodich, A. S. Mukasyan
    Abstract:

    We report the results from the investigation of the mechanisms of self-sustained reaction in mechanically induced TiN/B nanocomposites. The exothermic displacement reaction, 3B + TiN → BN + TiB2, with an adiabatic reaction temperature of 1905 K, was initiated through two different means: localized thermal heating and mechanical stimulation by high-energy ball milling. Comprehensive studies strongly indicate that the chemical interaction in the system involves three main stages. Solid-state ma…

    Date Published:
    2019-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    R. Scheidt, B. Seger, P. Kamat, Tor Elmelund
    Abstract:

    MAPbBr3 and MAPbI3 films cast onto glass slides and physically paired together undergo halide exchange to form mixed halide films. The change in halide composition in these two ∼130 nm thick films occurs concurrently with Br− diffusing toward the MAPbI3 film and I− diffusing toward the MAPbBr3 film. The diffusion of these halide species, which is tracked through changes in the absorption, offers a direct measurement of thermally activated halide diffusion in perovskite films. The increase in …

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    S. J. Yoon, H. Kim, J. Lee, P. Kamat
    Abstract:

    ABSTRACT: Intrinsic low stability and short excited lifetimes associated with Ag nanoclusters (NCs) are major hurdles that have prevented the full utilization of the many advantages of Ag NCs over their longtime contender, Au NCs, in light energy conversion systems. In this report, we diagnosed the problems of conventional thiolated Ag NCs used for solar cell applications and developed a new synthesis route to form aggregation-induced emission (AIE)- type Ag NCs that can significantly overcom…

    Date Published:
    2019
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    K. Manukyan, J. Pauls, C. Shuck, S. Rouvimov, A. Mukasyan, K. Nazaretyan, H. Chatilyan, S. Kharatyan
    Abstract:

    A high-speed electrothermography approach is applied to investigate the mechanism and kinetics for nanostructured Al/Ni foils. Application of the Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami and adiabatic thermal explosion models reveal that the activation energy for nucleation appears to be much higher than that for reaction. It is shown that formation of intermetallic nuclei is the limiting step that defines the ignition characteristics of the foils at temperatures below 500 K, while the process is react…

    Date Published:
    2018
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Eredzhep Menumerov, Robert Hughes, Spencer Golze, Robert Neal, Trevor Demille, Justin Campanaro, Kyle Kotecky, Sergei Rouvimov, Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    The fundamental understanding of liquid-phase catalytic reactions is unavoidably complicated when the catalyst is prone to leaching since questions inevitably arise as to the true nature of the catalyst. While the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol by borohydride is widely accepted as a trusted model reaction, it has faced little scrutiny concerning the potential impact of leached species or the appropriateness of assigning catalytic activity to the inserted nanostructures without rigorous …

    Date Published:
    2018
    Record Visibility:
    Public