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  • Author(s):
    Chinedu Madukoma, Shusuke Tomoshige, Choonkeun Kim, Elan Lastochkin, William C. Boggess, Jed Fisher, Joshua Shrout, Shahriar Mobashery
    Abstract:

    The interplay between the activities of lytic transglycosylases (LTs) and penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) is critical for the health of the bacterial cell wall. Bulgecin A (a natural-product inhibitor of LTs) potentiates the activity of β-lactam antibiotics (inhibitors of PBPs), underscoring this intimate mechanistic interdependence. Bulgecin A in the presence of an appropriate β-lactam causes bulge deformation due to the formation of aberrant peptidoglycan at the division site of the bact…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
  • Author(s):
    Seung-Ryong Kwon, Donghoon Han, Paul Bohn
    Abstract:

    Conspectus Electrochemical measurements conducted in confined volumes provide a powerful and direct means to address scientific questions at the nexus of nanoscience, biotechnology, and chemical analysis. How are electron transfer and ion transport coupled in confined volumes and how does understanding them require moving beyond macroscopic theories? Also, how do these coupled processes impact electrochemical detection and processing? We address these questions by studying a special type of c…

    Date Published:
    2019-10
  • Author(s):
    Holly Weiss-Bilka, Matthew Meagher, Joshua Gargac, Glen Niebur, Ryan Roeder, Diane Wagner
    Abstract:

    Background: Collagen-based scaffolds reinforced with hydroxyapatite (HA) are an attractive choice for bone tissue engineering because their composition mimics that of bone. We previously reported the development of compression-molded collagen-HA scaffolds that exhibited high porosity, interconnected pores, and mechanical properties that were well-suited for surgical handling and fixation. The objective of this study was to investigate these novel collagen-HA scaffolds in combination with huma…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
  • Author(s):
    Gregory timp, Eamonn Kennedy, Zhuxin Dong, Clare Tennant
    Abstract:

    Disclosed are then inorganic membranes having a defined topography that includes pores having a defined diameter of nanometer and sub-nanometer diameter. The thin membranes are resistant to protein denaturing agents, and may be employed in analytical and clinical methods for identifying single amino acid residues within the sequence of a protein and the pores are other than NspA pores. Methods for making a thin inorganic membrane with nanopore and sub-nanopore topography and conical cone stru…

    Date Created:
    2019-02-28
    Resource Type
    Document
  • Author(s):
    Trung T. Nguyen, Jeffrey Jones, Walter Wolter, Rocio Perez, Valerie Schroeder, Matthew Champion, Dusan Hesek, Mijoon Lee, Mark Suckow, Shahriar Mobashery, Mayland Chang
    Abstract:

    Diabetic foot ulcers are characterized by hypoxia. For many patients, hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is the last recourse for saving the limb from amputation, for which the molecular basis is not understood. We previously identified the active form of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) as responsible for diabetic foot ulcer’s recalcitrance to healing. Transcription of mmp-9 to the inactive zymogen is upregulated during hypoxia. Activation of the zymogen is promoted by proteases and react…

  • Author(s):
    Pius Adelani, Ginger E. Sigmon, Jennifer Szymanowski, Peter Burns
    Abstract:

    Two high nuclearity uranyl cages were crystallized in high yield under mild solvothermal conditions using rigid aryl phosphonate ligands. These compounds are prepared either through an in situ phosphonate ligand condensation reaction or via serendipitous assembly with a bulky phosphonate ligand. Firstly, the flexibility of the phosphonate ligands enhances the curvature of the uranyl polyhedra in the assembly of both compounds. Secondly, the formation of bent pyrophosphonate ligands through te…

    Date Published:
    2019-09
  • Author(s):
    Patrick Barboun, Prateek Mehta, Francisco Herrera, David Go, William Schneider, Jason Hicks
    Abstract:

    Plasma-assisted catalysis is the process of electrically activating gases in the plasma-phase at low temperatures and ambient pressure to drive reactions on catalyst surfaces. Plasma-assisted catalytic processes combine conventional heterogeneous surface reactions, homogeneous plasma phase reactions, and coupling between plasma-generated species and the catalyst surface. Herein, we perform kinetically controlled ammonia synthesis measurements in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma-ass…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
  • Author(s):
    Corinne Dorais
    Abstract:

    Nuclear forensic analysis is a key component of United States national nuclear security. A strong nuclear forensic analytical capability strengthens both national and global security by providing a deterrent to bad actors and rogue states who seek to engage in nuclear terrorism or warfare. In order to be effective, nuclear forensic scientists must be able to rapidly achieve highly-accurate and -precise physical, chemical, and isotopic measurements of illicit nuclear materials. The work presen…

    Date Created:
    2020-01-09
    Resource Type
    Document
  • Author(s):
    A. M. Mintairov, D. V. Lebedev, N. Bert, K. G. Belyaev, V. N. Nevedomskiy, M. V. Rakhlin, A. A. Toropov, A. S. Vlasov, A. Gocalinska, G. Juska, E. Pelucchi, M. A. Arrendondo, A. B. Naden, A. V. Shelaev, V. A. Bykov
    Abstract:

    We used transmission electron microscopy, Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to identify the effect of CuPt-type GaP-InP atomic ordering (AO) on the structural and emission properties of self-organized (SO) InP/GaInP2 Wigner molecule (WM) quantum dot (QD) structures. We found that the correlation of AO and SO growth results in the formation of InP/GaInP2 QD/AO-domain (QD/AOD) core-shell composites. This observation shows that intrinsic WMs in this system emerge due to a strong piezoele…

    Date Published:
    2019-11
  • Author(s):
    Junsang Cho, Jeffrey T. DuBose, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    Lead-free double perovskites such as Cs2AgBiBr6 are gaining attention because of their environmental friendliness compared to the lead halide perovskites. In order to establish their photoactivity, we have probed the excited-state behavior of Cs2AgBiBr6 nanocrystals and charge injection from their excited state into different metal oxides (TiO2, ZnO). The electron-transfer rate constants determined from ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy were in the range of 1.2−5.2 × 1010 s−1. Under…

    Date Published:
    2019-12
  • Author(s):
    Tracie Mcginnity
    Date Created:
    2020-01-09
    Resource Type
    Document
  • Author(s):
    Margo Waters, Veronica Kalwajtys, Katelyn Carothers, Ryan Roeder, Joshua Shrout, Shaun Lee, Prakash Nallathamby
    Abstract:

    The increasing frequency of nosocomial infections caused by antibiotic-resistant microorganisms concurrent with the stagnant discovery of new classes of antibiotics has made the development of new antibacterial agents a critical priority. Our approach is an antibiotic-free strategy drawing inspiration from bacteriophages to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria. We developed a nanoparticle-based antibacterial system that structurally mimics the protein-turret distribution on the head structure…

    Date Published:
    2019-10