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  • Author(s):
    Trevor B. Demille, Robert A. Hughes, Nathaniel Dominique, Jacob E. Olson, Sergei Rouvimov, Jon P. Camden, Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    A method for the nanofabrication of periodic arrays of gold nanostars yielding a unique morphology of relevance to SERS applications. With arms radiating from a central core, gold nanostars represent a unique and fascinating class of nanomaterials from which extraordinary plasmonic properties are derived. Despite their relevance to sensing applications, methods for fabricating homogeneous populations of nanostars on large-area planar surfaces in truly periodic arrays is lacking. Herein, the f…

    Date Published:
    2020-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    S. Rouvimov, D. V. Nechaev, V. I. Kozlovsky, S. V. Ivanov
    Abstract:

    Spreading resistance microscopy (SRM) was used to study nanoscale variations in electronic and structural properties of an ultrathin near-surface GaN/AlN quantum well (QW). In the SRM images of the growth surface of the GaN/AlN QW heterostructure, an inhomogeneous current contrast was detected in the form of disk-like regions of increased conductivity with the sizes in the range of 50–160 nm and a density of 1.7 109 cm 2 . Analysis of the current contrast dependence on the polarity of the sam…

    Date Published:
    2019-02
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Rui Zhao, Benjamin Grisafe, Ram Krishna Ghosh, Ke Wang, Suman Datta, Joshua Robinson
    Abstract:

    The 1T phase of tantalum disulfide (1T-TaS 2 ) possesses a variety of charge-density-wave (CDW) orders, and as a result, it attracts an increasing amount of academic and technological interest. The 1T phase of tantalum disulfide (1T-TaS 2 ) possesses a variety of charge-density-wave (CDW) orders, and as a result, it attracts an increasing amount of academic and technological interest. Researchers have devoted tremendous efforts towards understanding the impacts of doping, alloying, intercalat…

    Date Published:
    2019-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Paul J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    N Kryzhanovskaya, E. Moiseev, F. I. Zubov, A. M. Mozharov, M. V. Maximov, N. A. Kalyuzhnyy, S. A. Mintariov, Yu Bernikov, S. Rouvimov, A. E. Zhukov
    Abstract:

    GaAs-based microdisk lasers with an active region representing a dense array of indium-rich islands (InGaAs quantum well-dots) were studied using direct small-signal modulation. We demonstrate that using dense arrays of InGaAs quantum well-dots enables uncooled high-frequency applications with a GHz-range bandwidth for microdisk lasers. A maximum 3 dB modulation frequency of 5.9 GHz was found in the microdisk with a radius of 13.5 μm operating without a heatsink for cooling. A modulation curr…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Eveline Rigo, Zhuxin Dong, Jae Hyun Park, Eamonn Kennedy, Mohammad Hokmabadi, Lisa Almonte-Garcia, Li Ding, Narayana Aluru, Gregory Timp
    Abstract:

    The size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electrically through a sub-nanometer- diameter pore spanning a thin membrane and the current is measured. The measurements reveal an ion-selective conductance that vanishes in poresThe size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electric…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    A. M. Mintairov, D. V. Lebedev, N. Bert, K. G. Belyaev, V. N. Nevedomskiy, M. V. Rakhlin, A. A. Toropov, A. S. Vlasov, A. Gocalinska, G. Juska, E. Pelucchi, M. A. Arrendondo, A. B. Naden, A. V. Shelaev, V. A. Bykov
    Abstract:

    We used transmission electron microscopy, Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to identify the effect of CuPt-type GaP-InP atomic ordering (AO) on the structural and emission properties of self-organized (SO) InP/GaInP2 Wigner molecule (WM) quantum dot (QD) structures. We found that the correlation of AO and SO growth results in the formation of InP/GaInP2 QD/AO-domain (QD/AOD) core-shell composites. This observation shows that intrinsic WMs in this system emerge due to a strong piezoele…

    Date Published:
    2019-11
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Angela Meola, Nicole Hondroglannis, Pierce Brown, Maksym Zhukovskyi, Zheng Zheng, Zeev Rosenzweig, Mary Sajini Devadas
    Abstract:

    Icosahedron and [Au25(PPh)10(C6H14S)5Cl2]2+ bi-icosahedron clusters were synthesized. Ligand exchange reactions were carried out with a new coumarin-derived fluorophore (Cou-SH) to label both clusters. Labeled and unlabeled Au25 were compared and the changes in the electronic structure were determined. The labeled clusters showed marked changes in electronic states, as evidenced by the quenching in the UV region and enhancement in the near infrared. The quantum yield from Cou-SH decreased and…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Christopher Smyth, Lee Walsh, Pavel Bolshakov, Massimo Catalano, Michael Schmidt, Brendan Sheehan, Rafik Addou, Luhua Wang, Jiyoung Kim, Moon Kim, Christopher Hinkle, Robert Wallace
    Abstract:

    Sc has been employed as an electron contact to a number of two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. MoS2, black phosphorous) and has enabled, at times, the lowest electron contact resistance. However, the extremely reactive nature of Sc leads to stringent processing requirements and metastable device performance with no true understanding of how to achieve consistent, high-performance Sc contacts. In this work, WSe2 transistors with impressive subthreshold slope (109 mV dec−1) and I ON/I OFF (106…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Christopher Smyth, Lee Walsh, Pavel Bolshakov, Massimo Catalano, Michael Schmidt, Brendan Sheehan, Rafik Addou, Luhua Wang, Jiyoung Kim, Moon Kim, Christopher Hinkle, Robert Wallace
    Abstract:

    Sc has been employed as an electron contact to a number of two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. MoS2, black phosphorous) and has enabled, at times, the lowest electron contact resistance. However, the extremely reactive nature of Sc leads to stringent processing requirements and metastable device performance with no true understanding of how to achieve consistent, high-performance Sc contacts. In this work, WSe2 transistors with impressive subthreshold slope (109 mV dec−1) and I ON/I OFF (106…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Shanmugam Panneer Selvam, Ryan De Palma, Kristen Johnson, Rasesh Parikh, Vamsi Gangaraju, Yuri Peterson, Mohammed Dany, Robert V. Stahelin, Christina Voelkel-Johnson, Zdzislaw Szuic, Erhard Bieberich, Besi Ogetmen
    Abstract:

    Formation of membrane pores/channels regulates various cellular processes, such as necroptosis or stem cell niche signaling. However, the roles of membrane lipids in the formation of pores and their biological functions are largely unknown. Here, using the cellular stress model evoked by the sphingolipid analog drug FTY720, we show that formation of ceramide-enriched membrane pores, referred to here as ceramidosomes, is initiated by a receptor-interacting Ser/Thr kinase 1 (RIPK1)-ceramide com…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Robert Hughes, Sergei Rouvimov, Robert Neal, Trevor B. Demille, Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    The seed-mediated growth of noble metal nanostructures with planar geometries requires the use of seeds lined with parallel stacking faults so as to provide a break in symmetry in an otherwise isotropic metal. Although such seeds are now routinely synthesized using colloidal pathways, equivalent pathways have not yet been reported for the fabrication of substrate-based seeds with the same internal defect structures. The challenge is not merely to form seeds with planar defects but to do so in…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public