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  • Author(s):
    Eveline Rigo, Zhuxin Dong, Jae Hyun Park, Eamonn Kennedy, Mohammad Hokmabadi, Lisa Almonte-Garcia, Li Ding, Narayana Aluru, Gregory Timp
    Abstract:

    The size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electrically through a sub-nanometer- diameter pore spanning a thin membrane and the current is measured. The measurements reveal an ion-selective conductance that vanishes in poresThe size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electric…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    A. M. Mintairov, D. V. Lebedev, N. Bert, K. G. Belyaev, V. N. Nevedomskiy, M. V. Rakhlin, A. A. Toropov, A. S. Vlasov, A. Gocalinska, G. Juska, E. Pelucchi, M. A. Arrendondo, A. B. Naden, A. V. Shelaev, V. A. Bykov
    Abstract:

    We used transmission electron microscopy, Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to identify the effect of CuPt-type GaP-InP atomic ordering (AO) on the structural and emission properties of self-organized (SO) InP/GaInP2 Wigner molecule (WM) quantum dot (QD) structures. We found that the correlation of AO and SO growth results in the formation of InP/GaInP2 QD/AO-domain (QD/AOD) core-shell composites. This observation shows that intrinsic WMs in this system emerge due to a strong piezoele…

    Date Published:
    2019-11
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Angela Meola, Nicole Hondroglannis, Pierce Brown, Maksym Zhukovskyi, Zheng Zheng, Zeev Rosenzweig, Mary Sajini Devadas
    Abstract:

    Icosahedron and [Au25(PPh)10(C6H14S)5Cl2]2+ bi-icosahedron clusters were synthesized. Ligand exchange reactions were carried out with a new coumarin-derived fluorophore (Cou-SH) to label both clusters. Labeled and unlabeled Au25 were compared and the changes in the electronic structure were determined. The labeled clusters showed marked changes in electronic states, as evidenced by the quenching in the UV region and enhancement in the near infrared. The quantum yield from Cou-SH decreased and…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Christopher Smyth, Lee Walsh, Pavel Bolshakov, Massimo Catalano, Michael Schmidt, Brendan Sheehan, Rafik Addou, Luhua Wang, Jiyoung Kim, Moon Kim, Christopher Hinkle, Robert Wallace
    Abstract:

    Sc has been employed as an electron contact to a number of two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. MoS2, black phosphorous) and has enabled, at times, the lowest electron contact resistance. However, the extremely reactive nature of Sc leads to stringent processing requirements and metastable device performance with no true understanding of how to achieve consistent, high-performance Sc contacts. In this work, WSe2 transistors with impressive subthreshold slope (109 mV dec−1) and I ON/I OFF (106…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Christopher Smyth, Lee Walsh, Pavel Bolshakov, Massimo Catalano, Michael Schmidt, Brendan Sheehan, Rafik Addou, Luhua Wang, Jiyoung Kim, Moon Kim, Christopher Hinkle, Robert Wallace
    Abstract:

    Sc has been employed as an electron contact to a number of two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. MoS2, black phosphorous) and has enabled, at times, the lowest electron contact resistance. However, the extremely reactive nature of Sc leads to stringent processing requirements and metastable device performance with no true understanding of how to achieve consistent, high-performance Sc contacts. In this work, WSe2 transistors with impressive subthreshold slope (109 mV dec−1) and I ON/I OFF (106…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Shanmugam Panneer Selvam, Ryan De Palma, Kristen Johnson, Rasesh Parikh, Vamsi Gangaraju, Yuri Peterson, Mohammed Dany, Robert V. Stahelin, Christina Voelkel-Johnson, Zdzislaw Szuic, Erhard Bieberich, Besi Ogetmen
    Abstract:

    Formation of membrane pores/channels regulates various cellular processes, such as necroptosis or stem cell niche signaling. However, the roles of membrane lipids in the formation of pores and their biological functions are largely unknown. Here, using the cellular stress model evoked by the sphingolipid analog drug FTY720, we show that formation of ceramide-enriched membrane pores, referred to here as ceramidosomes, is initiated by a receptor-interacting Ser/Thr kinase 1 (RIPK1)-ceramide com…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Robert Hughes, Sergei Rouvimov, Robert Neal, Trevor B. Demille, Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    The seed-mediated growth of noble metal nanostructures with planar geometries requires the use of seeds lined with parallel stacking faults so as to provide a break in symmetry in an otherwise isotropic metal. Although such seeds are now routinely synthesized using colloidal pathways, equivalent pathways have not yet been reported for the fabrication of substrate-based seeds with the same internal defect structures. The challenge is not merely to form seeds with planar defects but to do so in…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Michael A. VendenBerg, Edgar Ruiz Bello, Calvin Nazareth, Matthew J. Webber
    Abstract:

    The self-assembly of oppositely charged oligopeptide mixtures is evaluated, observing self-sorting into distinct, yet still interacting, nanostructures.Significant efforts in the field of supramolecular materials have strived to co-assemble small molecules in order to realize individual nanostructures with multiple, tunable activities. The design of self-assembling motifs bearing opposite charges is one commonly used method, with favorable electrostatic interactions used to promote mixing in …

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    R. Marks, K. Doudrick
    Abstract:

    Chlorite (ClO 2 - ) is a disinfection byproduct formed during drinking water treatment when source waters with a high oxidant demand are disinfected with chlorine dioxide. This study investigated the reduction of… Chlorite (ClO 2 - ) is a disinfection byproduct formed during drinking water treatment when source waters with a high oxidant demand are disinfected with chlorine dioxide. This study investigated the reduction of ClO 2 - using a visible light (Vis) active photocatalyst, bismuth va…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Jae Hyun Park, Eamonn Kennedy, Mohammad Hokmabadi, Lisa Almonte-Garcia, Li Ding, Narayana Aluru, Gregory Timp
    Abstract:

    The size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electrically through a sub-nanometer- diameter pore spanning a thin membrane and the current is measured. The measurements reveal an ion-selective conductance that vanishes in pores <0.24 nm in diameter—the size of a water molecule—indicating that permeating ions have a grossly distorted hydration shell. Analysis of the current noise powe…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Seog Joon Yoon, Rizwan Khan, Junkhyun Lee, Jin Ho Bang
    Abstract:

    ABSTRACT: Despite the successful launch of Au nanoclusters (NCs) in light energy conversion applications, the utilization of Ag NCs has been limited by their instability under continuous illumination. The main cause of photoinduced degradation pathways remains elusive. Hence, understanding the underlying mechanism behind the low stability is an urgent task to provide a new impetus for the development of Ag NCs. The slow regeneration of Ag NCs by a redox couple leads to holes in the NCs, which…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Zhe Cheng, Yee Rui Koh, Habib Ahmad, Rejiu Hu, Jingjing Shi, Michael Liao, Yekan Wang, Tingyu Bai, Ruiyang Li, Eungkyu Lee, Evan Clinton, Christopher Matthews, Zachary Engel, Luke Yates, Tengfei Luo, Mark Goorsky, William Doolittle, Zhiting Tian, Patrick Hopkins, Samuel Graham
    Abstract:

    A unified fundamental understanding of interfacial thermal transport is missing due to the complicated nature of interfaces which involves complex factors such as interfacial bonding and mixing, surface chemistry, crystal orientation, roughness, and interfacial disorder. This is especially true for metal-nonmetal interfaces which incorporate multiple fundamental heat transport mechanisms such as elastic and inelastic phonon scattering as well as electron-phonon coupling in the metal and acros…

    Date Published:
    2019-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public