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  • Author(s):
    Paul J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
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  • Author(s):
    Luke Sadergaski, Meena Said, Amy Hixon
    Abstract:

    The unique and diverse features of uranyl peroxide nanoclusters may contribute to the enhanced mobility of uranium in the environment. This study examines the sorption of the uranyl peroxide nanocluster [UO2(O2)(OH)]6060‑ (U60) to Na-montmorillonite (SWy-2), plagioclase (anorthite), and quartz (SiO2) as a function of time, U60 concentration, and mineral concentration. SWy-2 was studied in both its untreated form as well as after two different pretreatments, denoted as partially treated SWy-2 a…

    Date Published:
    2019-09
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    James Zokoe, Changsheng Su, Paul J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    Potassium volatility and activity in a novel K-Ca-Si-O glass catalyst was investigated over extended periods of soot oxidation. Soot was continuously deposited and oxidized by maintaining a glass catalyst-coated filter at temperatures above the oxidation balance point to provide a soot mass equivalent to 100 000 miles of engine operation. Testing revealed the 52-SiO2, 35-K2O, and 13-CaO wt % glass catalysts show a significant improvement in soot oxidation performance over a Pt catalyst. The g…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Hunter Ford, Laura Merrill, Jennifer Schaefer
    Abstract:

    Abstract: Rechargeable magnesium sulfur (Mg/S) batteries suffer from fast capacity fading due to difficulty of reoxidation of MgS and the polysulfide shuttle. Other works have reported that use of Cu current collectors or CuS at the cathode improves cycleability. Here we investigate Cu nanoparticles grown on carbon nanofibers (Cu@CNF) as an additive for the Mg/S battery cathode to test the effects of Cu metal on capacity and rate performance at controlled Cu loading. The Mg/S battery with Cu …

    Date Published:
    2019-10
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Seung-Ryong Kwon, Donghoon Han, Paul Bohn
    Abstract:

    Conspectus Electrochemical measurements conducted in confined volumes provide a powerful and direct means to address scientific questions at the nexus of nanoscience, biotechnology, and chemical analysis. How are electron transfer and ion transport coupled in confined volumes and how does understanding them require moving beyond macroscopic theories? Also, how do these coupled processes impact electrochemical detection and processing? We address these questions by studying a special type of c…

    Date Published:
    2019-10
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    S. Kharatyan, H. Chatilyan, K. Manukyan
    Abstract:

    Nickel oxide reduction by methane is of particular importance in catalysis, extractive metallurgy, and clean power generation technologies. Despite extensive investigations of the NiO + CH4 reaction, many questions remain about its kinetics and molecular and structural transformation mechanisms. This work reports the reduction kinetics of bulk polycrystalline NiO by CH4 using a new calorimetric method. The method permits rapid, controllable heating of the NiO/Ni wires and continuous data (ele…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Tuphan Devkota, Gregory Hartland
    Abstract:

    Propagating surface plasmon polaritons (PSPPs) are electron motions at the surfaces of conductors that have a definite momentum. For metal nanostructures on a glass substrate, two types of PSPP modes exist: bound modes where the field is localized at the metal−glass interface and leaky modes at the metal−air interface. In this paper, the leaky PSPP modes of Ag and Au nanostripes created by photolithography were examined by a combination of real space and Fourier space (back focal plane) imagi…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Robert Hughes, Sergei Rouvimov, Robert Neal, Trevor B. Demille, Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    The seed-mediated growth of noble metal nanostructures with planar geometries requires the use of seeds lined with parallel stacking faults so as to provide a break in symmetry in an otherwise isotropic metal. Although such seeds are now routinely synthesized using colloidal pathways, equivalent pathways have not yet been reported for the fabrication of substrate-based seeds with the same internal defect structures. The challenge is not merely to form seeds with planar defects but to do so in…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    Substrate-supported plasmonic nanostructures are distinct from their colloidal counterparts, in that they are surrounded by an asymmetric dielectric environment composed of the substrate material and the surrounding ambient. Such environments inevitably lead to plasmonic resonances and near-fields that differ from those of solution-dispersed structures. The most straightforward method for fabricating substrate-based plasmonic nanostructures is through the solid-state dewetting of ultrathin fi…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    Substrate-supported plasmonic nanostructures are distinct from their colloidal counterparts, in that they are surrounded by an asymmetric dielectric environment composed of the substrate material and the surrounding ambient. Such environments inevitably lead to plasmonic resonances and near-fields that differ from those of solution-dispersed structures. The most straightforward method for fabricating substrate-based plasmonic nanostructures is through the solid-state dewetting of ultrathin fi…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    L. Merrill, H. Ford, L. Schaefer
    Abstract:

    The development of polymer electrolytes for magnesium batteries has been hindered by difficulties related to achieving sufficient magnesium ion conduction and magnesium electrodeposition. The high charge density of the magnesium cation causes it to interact with both the polar polymer matrix and any counteranions, challenging ion transport. Solvents and salts that are known to be incompatible with the magnesium electrode have widely been used in prior reports to increase ionic conductivity. H…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Bumjun Park, Hunter Ford, Laura Merrill, Jiacheng Liu, Loyal P. Murphy
    Abstract:

    Solid-state magnesium-ion conductors are desired for next-generation battery applications. Here we investigate magnesium conducting polymer electrolytes produced through dual cation exchange of a poly(ionic liquid) by mixing 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium poly4-styrenesulfonyl(trifluoro- methanesulfonyl)imide with the magnesiated analogue Mg(PSTFSI)2. An ionic conductivity of 8.6 × 10−5 S cm−1 at 80 °C was achieved for the poly(ionic liquid), and conductivity did not significantly…

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