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  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 5290908 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with acetylenic end groups are cured by coupling together thermally or catalytically using cuprous salts as catalysts to increase molecular weight with little or no by-product formation. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to the coupling. The acetylenic end-capped aromatic polyimides are formed by the reaction of an aromatic dianhydride, an acetylenic organic monoamine compound which will provide the reactive end groups and optionally an aromatic diamine.

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4197397 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with anhydride end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting them with aromatic diamines or diamine terminated imide oligomers. The reaction can either be at a temperature above the melting point of the reactants or in solvents for the reactants. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to chain-extending.

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4537947 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with various functional end-groups such as –CH.dbd.CH.sub.2, –C.tbd.CH, –CN and –CHO are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting the functional groups with aromatic bis-dipoles. A representative bis-dipole is 1,4-benzene-dinitrile oxide. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to chain extending. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for chain-extending are formed by the reaction of aromatic dianhydrides, aromatic amines and monoamines which conta…

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4060515 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with nitrile end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by polymerization using Lewis acid salts as catalyst. Molecular weights are increased with little or no by-product formation. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to the polymerization. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for chain-extending are formed by the reaction of aromatic dianhydrides, aromatic diamines and nitrile compounds such as aminobenzyl cyanide and aminobenzonitrile.

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4118377 B2
    Description:

    Processes for increasing the molecular weight of bis-maleimides are provided. The bis-maleimides are reacted with certain cyclic dienes to form reversible adducts. These adducts, upon elimination of the cyclic diene, yield an extension of the bis-maleimides to higher molecular weight polymers, ultimately to thermally stable, infusible polymers. The process can be interrupted to yield tractable polymers which are also convertible to cross-linked, infusible products. Modifications of the proces…

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4075171 B2
    Description:

    A process for preparing substantially completely cyclized aromatic polyimides, either monomeric, oligomeric or polymeric, is provided. The process involved the reaction of a mixture of at least one tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride, at least one aromatic diamine and an .alpha.,.beta.-carboxylic acid monoanhydride in at least one aromatic phenol, preferably cresols, in the presence of an organic azeotroping agent such as a cyclic hydrocarbon, preferably benzene, until substantially all of the w…

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4058505 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with amine end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting them with aromatic di- or tri- anhydrides. The reaction can either be at a temperature above the melting point of the reactants or in solvents for the reactants. The polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to chain-extending.

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4026871 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with phenolic end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting them with formaldehyde, compounds capable of generating formaldehyde under the reaction conditions or hexamethylene tetramine in the presence of a catalytic amount of lime. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to the chain-extending. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for chain-extending are formed by the reaction of aromatic dianhydrides, aromatic diamines and phenolic compoun…

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4026904 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic epoxy-terminated aromatic polyimides and processes for their preparation are provided. The epoxidized polyimides are prepared by epoxidizing an olefinically unsaturated aromatic imide of the formula: ##STR1## WHEREIN Ar is a divalent aromatic organic radical, Ar’ is a tetravalent aromatic organic radical, the four carbonyl groups being attached directly to separate carbon atoms and each pair of carbonyl groups being attached to adjacent carbon atoms in the Ar’ radical, R’…

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4026833 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with anhydride end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting them with aromatic polyisocyanates such as tolylene-2,4-diisocyanate. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to chain-extending. Thermally stable, polyimide foams are formed by the reaction. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for chain-extending are formed by the reaction of aromatic diamines with a molar excess of aromatic dianhydrides.

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3897395 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with reactive end groups are cured by coupling together by addition or condensation to increase molecular weight with little or no by-product formation. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to the coupling. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for coupling are formed by the reaction of an aromatic dianhydride and an aromatic diamine in ratios to provide the appropriate end groups, or by including in the reaction mixture a compound which will provide reactive end …

    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3998786 B2
    Description:

    A process for preparing substantially completely cyclized aromatic polyimides, either monomeric, oligomeric or polymeric, is provided. The process involved the reaction of a mixture of at least one tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride and at least one aromatic diamine in at least one aromatic phenol, preferably cresols, in the presence of an organic azeotroping agent such as a cyclic hydrocarbon, preferably benzene, until substantially all of the water of reaction is eliminated. Other monomers, e…

    Resource Type
    Patent