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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The site of the church was first used in the 9th century by Danes, who built a church dedicated to St. Clement, patron saint of mariners. A medieval church was demolished for the current building. It is situated outside the Royal Courts of Justice on the Strand. The current building was completed in 1682 by Sir Christopher Wren and it now functions as the central church of the Royal Air Force. The steeple was added to the 115 foot tower from 1719-1720 by James Gibbs. It was bombed in WWII, an…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The tower contains a peal of ten bells hung for English change ringing.

    Magdalen College was founded in 1458 by William of Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester. It stands next to the River Cherwell and has within its grounds a deer park and Addison’s Walk. The large, square Magdalen Tower is a famous Oxford landmark, and it is a tradition since the days of Henry VII that the college choir sings from the top of it at 6 a.m. on May Morning. The Great Tower was built between 1492 and 1509 by Wil…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    District in the north of Moscow, formerly a village and estate. In 1620 the estate became the property of the princes Cherkassky, for whom Pavel Potekhin (a serf of the Odoyevsky family) built the five-domed brick church of the Trinity (1678-1692), distinguished by its elegant decoration. Its bell-tower was erected by the architect Nikolay Sultanov (1850-1908) in 1877-1878 in ‘neo-Russian’ style.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Appropriated the minaret as a bell-tower (1589-1593; 1656; restored 18th century).

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone voussoirs, which were later coloured. It was enlarged by building programs until 988. In 1236 Ferdinand III of Castile and…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Mudejar church built between 1559 and 1567 at the foot of the Alhambra, on the site of the Baths of the Mosque. It is built in the Renaissance style and has the ground plan of a Latin cross with a single nave. Over the doorway stand two niches and the figures of the Saints Peter and Paul, the patron saints of the church, stand between two Corinthian columns. There is a bell tower. The vault features mocarab plasterwork decoration and sculptures from the 16th and 17th centuries, by the hand of…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Xàtiva in Valencian, Játiva in Spanish. Xàtiva is noted as the home of the Borgia family, who were from Aragon but settled in Xativa, having been granted lands for service in the Reconquista. The church contains the sepulchral chapel of the Borgias. Alfonso de Borja (Pope Calixto III, 1378-1458) was baptized there. He requested the church be elevated to collegiate status in 1413. The new cathedral was begun in 1596, and building continued into the 19th century. It is a listed national monumen…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The church was built beside the wall gate of the old town, opposite the original city hall, which no longer exists. The oldest parts are Mudéjar-Gothic style; but was renovated several times. The present building dates from the 16th century, with alterations in the 18th century. It has a rectangular plan with a wide nave and another lateral aisle and an attached bell tower. The interior is baroque with two retables; the high altarpiece by Leonardo Carrión and a baroque altarpiece from the 18t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A chapel dedicated to Mary had existed since the early Christian era. By the time of the Aragonese conquest the shrine of the Virgin of the Pillar was an important magnet for pilgrims Indulgences for the embellishment of the shrine were sold as far afield as Germany and Greece in 1297, and most Aragonese monarchs until Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) made bequests. Damián Forment made the main retable (from 1509). The particular devotion of Charles II (reigned 1665-1700) to Nuestra Señora del …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Part of a programme of building Baroque churches and noblemen’s houses, which was encouraged by the Church in the 18th century. The Baroque campaign is strongly Italianate, largely because it was planned by the Tuscan Nicolau Nasoni. He altered and decorated the cathedral and in addition to numerous palaces, he designed two buildings near the cathedral that gave the city its dramatic skyline: the oval S Pedro dos Clérigos Church (1731-ca. 1750) and its tower (h. 75.6 m, 1757-1763), and th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The tent roof is criss-crossed with white stone rhombus patterns.

    Built in 1532 by Vasily III (reigned 1505-1533) on a sloping hillside above the river, presumably as a thanks-offering for the birth of his son, later Ivan IV. The central, square plan is enclosed by a tall, multi-faceted polygon that supports an octagonal tower crowned with a tent roof, itself surmounted by a lantern and cupola. A covered gallery resting on an arcade and approached by three stairways surrounds the lower part …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The city’s history is barely documented before the late 11th century, however, when Segovia was absorbed into the kingdom of Castile. Its newly acquired importance is illustrated by the extraordinary concentration of 13 Romanesque churches in and around the city. Most are built in a distinctive Segovian style, with tall, narrow, steep-roofed towers and external arcades–more reminiscent of Aragon, or even Lombardy, than of Castile. Parts of San Lorenzo date to the 12th century and retain …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Gothic church, Temple de la Madeleine, was built in 1430 after a fire destroyed this section of the old city. Only the Romanesque bell tower survived the fire. The church was heavily restored in the 20th century when the existing, and more modern style, stained glass windows were added. Temple de la Madeleine is located just north of the Cathedral of Geneva. The church played a major role in the Reformation, and calls to mind names such as Jean [John] Calvin, Guillaume Farel or Michel Ser…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01