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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made this a favoured royal residence as well as a fortress. It is the largest inhabited castle in the world and the oldest in continuous occupation. In 1992 a fire damaged approximately one-fifth of the ca…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    St George’s Chapel is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture in England. It is the spiritual home of the Order of the Garter, established in 1348 by Edward III. Within the chapel are the tombs of ten sovereigns. The organ loft was built during restoration works in the reign of King George III. The design was by Henry Emlyn and it is constructed of Coade stone (an artificial stone).

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made this a favoured royal residence as well as a fortress. It is the largest inhabited castle in the world and the oldest in continuous occupation. In 1992 a fire damaged approximately one-fifth of the ca…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The castle remains centered on the motte or artificial hill on which William the Conqueror built the first castle. Henry II constructed the Round Tower and the original stone outer wall, ca. 1165.

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The west front consists of the original castellated tower, four storeys in height, its windows enlarged to suit 17th-century taste; a second tower very similar to the first; and the two towers joined by a low screen of two storeys with the entrance gate in the center.

    The palace is adjacent to the 12th-century abbey. The oldest part of the present building is the massive northwest tower, built in 1528-1532 by William Aytoun (active 1598; died ?1643) for James V. Except for this tower, the en…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The west front consists of the original castellated tower, four storeys in height, its windows enlarged to suit 17th-century taste; a second tower very similar to the first; and the two towers joined by a low screen of two storeys with the entrance gate in the center.

    The palace is adjacent to the 12th-century abbey. The oldest part of the present building is the massive northwest tower, built in 1528-1532 by William Aytoun (active 1598; died ?1643) for James V. Except for this tower, the en…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The ward of Caernarfon Castle, showing (from left to right), the Chamberlain’s Tower, and the Eagle Tower.

    Royal fortress and palace in Gwynedd (county), Wales. It was begun in 1283 on the site of a Norman predecessor, and is the most splendid and important of the royal castles built in connection with Edward I’s Welsh wars. The design was intended to convey that, for Edward I, Caernarfon was also a royal palace, the seat of English government in medieval Wales. The combination of po…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Royal Palace (ca. 1540) is the main building visible in this view.

    Castle in Central region, Scotland. It was built overlooking the River Forth at a strategically important junction of routes by both land and water, where there was the additional advantage of a high volcanic outcrop as a natural setting for the royal castle required to defend these routes. The first references to a castle are from the reign of Alexander I (reigned 1107-1124), who is known to have built a chapel there. Th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The building as seen today is largely the work of Henry,15th Duke of Norfolk (1847-1917) and the restoration project was completed in 1900.

    Founded by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror. The Fitzalan Chapel dates from 1390. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries. From the 11th century onward, the castle has served as a hereditary state…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The architecture is French-inspired Renaissance, but the decoration is German in inspiration,and sources for the statues have been found in the work of the German engraver Hans Burgkmair, carried out by Scottish masons.

    Castle in Central region, Scotland. It was built overlooking the River Forth at a strategically important junction of routes by both land and water, where there was the additional advantage of a high volcanic outcrop as a natural setting for the royal castle required to defen…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Count Floris V built a stone castle at the mouth of the Vecht river in 1280. The castle was used to enforce a toll on the trade route. It was a relatively small castle, measuring 32 by 35 meters with brick walls well over 1.5 meters thick. A large moat surrounds the castle, accessed by a drawbridge. In 1370, the castle was rebuilt on the same spot based on the same plan, by Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, who at that time was also the Count of Holland and Zeeland. In the 16th century P.C. Hooft (1…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Walls date from the 8th century; buildings date from 1830.

    It is a national monument and constitutes one of the major expressions of 19th century Romanticism in the world. The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site began as a small shrine and later monastery, built 1493. From 1839 Ferdinand II and Wilhelm Ludwig Eschwege built the Palácio da Pena in a Romantic style, incorporating the remains of the Hieronymite monastery. It is magnificently set on a peak surrounded by the forested…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01