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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The seat of the Anglican Bishop of Carlisle. It is located in Carlisle, in Cumbria, North West England. It was founded as an Augustinian monastery and became a cathedral in 1133. Carlisle, because of heavy losses to its fabric, is the second smallest (after Oxford), of England’s ancient cathedrals. Its notable features include some fine figurative stone carving, a set of 15th century choir stalls and the largest window in the Flowing Decorated Gothic style in England (the East window).

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1251 fire destroyed part of the 11th-century cathedral. Rebuilding started after 1288, but a plan had already been made in 1254. The choir is heavily influenced by French Rayonnant churches. About 1315 the transepts were reached, but not built. Between 1321 and 1381 a single tower 112 m high was erected to the west of the old Romanesque nave. The Gothic transepts and the nave were built during the 15th century and early 16th, but the nave collapsed during the storm of 1674 and was never re…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1553-1554, at the command of Ivan IV (reigned 1533-1584), the stone church of the Trinity on the Fosse (Troitsa na Rvu) was built in Red Square to commemorate the capture of Kazan. It had seven wooden chapels. In 1555-1561, however, the new brick cathedral of the Protective Veil on the Fosse (Pokrov na Rvu), attributed to the architects Barma and Postnik, was built with eight stone chapels symmetrically arranged on a common foundation around this central part. Another chapel was built in t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Each door has a blind horseshoe arch inscribed in an alfiz above an arched lintel and are framed with niches and blind arcades that often exhibit such complex arch types as interlaced or polylobed arches.

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Pedro Duque Cornejo carved the choir-stalls and throne (1747-1757). The throne features the Ascension of Christ.

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone voussoirs, which were later coloured. It was enlarged by building programs until 988. In 123…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Each door has a blind horseshoe arch inscribed in an alfiz above an arched lintel and are framed with niches and blind arcades that often exhibit such complex arch types as interlaced or polylobed arches.

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Constructed on a simple hypostyle plan, ‛Abd al-Rahman’s mosque of 785 consisted of 11 aisles of 12 bays that, like the Great Mosque at Damascus, ran perpendicular to a walled court. Each bay was defined by a set of two-tiered horseshoe arches with alternating red brick and white stone voussoirs, which were later coloured. It was enlarged by building programs until 988. In 1236 Ferdinand III of Castile and a number of bishops purified the Great Mosque for Christian worship, consecrating i…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Baroque choir and choir-stalls (1725-1733) were designed by Joaquín de Churriguera and Alberto de Churriguera.

    By the late 15th century the Romanesque cathedral no longer reflected Salamanca’s status as seat of Castile’s premier university, and in 1491 the chapter resolved to build a new church. In 1509 Ferdinand the Catholic ordered Alfonso Rodríguez (died ca. 1512) and Antón Egas to go to Salamanca, inspect the site and prepare a plan. The New Cathedral has many similarities to…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A chapel dedicated to Mary had existed since the early Christian era. By the time of the Aragonese conquest the shrine of the Virgin of the Pillar was an important magnet for pilgrims Indulgences for the embellishment of the shrine were sold as far afield as Germany and Greece in 1297, and most Aragonese monarchs until Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) made bequests. Damián Forment made the main retable (from 1509). The particular devotion of Charles II (reigned 1665-1700) to Nuestra Señora del …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    An outstanding example of Early Gothic architecture in Catalonia, Barcelona Cathedral was built during the height of the city’s prosperity. The present building is the third church on the site; the remains of the first, a Constantinian basilica of 559 AD (destroyed by the Moors in the 10th century), are still visible in a gallery 4 m below street level. The Saint Iu portal and part of the north transept survive from the second basilica of 1058. The first stone of the new cathedral was lai…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There are over 80 chapels in the cathedral.

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its completion in the 16th century, it supplanted the Hagia Sophia as the largest cathedral in the world. Construction began in 1402 on the site of a former mosque which had been converted. The dome has collapsed twice and been rebuilt. There are over 80 chapels including a Capilla Real with the tombs of some r…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There are over 80 chapels in the cathedral.

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its completion in the 16th century, it supplanted the Hagia Sophia as the largest cathedral in the world. Construction began in 1402 on the site of a former mosque which had been converted. The dome has collapsed twice and been rebuilt. There are over 80 chapels including a Capilla Real with the tombs of some r…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01