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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Construction of the cathedral (founded 1612) began in 1621 following plans by Andrés de Espinoza and continued for several decades under the architect Moscoso; it was completed under Juan de Aldana in 1656. Following a fire in 1844 and the 1868 earthquake it was rebuilt by Lucas Poblete, and it retains much of the original plan. It is a long, low building, with a façade occupying the entire north end of the city’s main square, the Plaza de Armas. It is divided into three largely undecorat…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1598 the architect Baltazar Alvares began to build a church for the Jesuits (named Onze Mil Virgens Church), now the Sé Nova (New Cathedral), one of the best examples of the new Jesuit buildings and a synthesis of traditional Portuguese architecture and the innovations of Il Gesú in Rome. In 1759, the Jesuit Order was banned from Portugal by the Marquis of Pombal, Prime-Minister of King José I. In 1772, the bishopric seat was transferred from the old Romanesque Cathedral of the city (now c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The cloister, renewed in the 15th century, has net vaulting and curvilinear tracery. The small cloister to its east was built 1467-1487.

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings, which largely governed its dimensions. It was probably started before a fire of …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    On the tympanum, dating from around 1180, is a relief of Christ sitting in judgment. The Galluspforte also has reliefs of the wise and foolish virgins from the parable described in the New Testament (Matthews 25:1-13).

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings, which largely governed its dimensions. It was probably started before a fire of 1185 and it was completed shortly after 1200. The towers, main vault and the upper storeys of the choir, which collapsed in the earthquake…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The cloister, renewed in the 15th century, has net vaulting and curvilinear tracery. The small cloister to its east was built 1467-1487.

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings, which largely governed its dimensions. It was probably started before a fire of …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The northern tower is called Georgsturm (64.2 m) and the southern tower is called Martinsturm (62.7 m). The main facade faces west.

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings, which largely governed its dimensions. It was probably started before a fire of 1185 …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The sculptures of the Last Judgment were the only statues in the Münster to survive the iconoclasm of the Protestant Reformation. The 47 large free-standing statues are replicas (the originals are in the Bern History Museum), and the 170 smaller figures are all original. They were all sculpted by Erhard Küng.

    The minster, dedicated to St Vincent (originally the parish church, later made collegiate), was planned by Matthäus Ensinger from 1421 to replace a 12th century predecessor. It was larg…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings, which largely governed its dimensions. It was probably started before a fire of 1185 and it was completed shortly after 1200. The towers, main vault and the upper storeys of the choir, which collapsed in the earthquake…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The first organ was installed ca. 1740. The choir, in the eastern side of the cathedral between the nave and the sanctuary, houses the first Renaissance choir stalls in Switzerland. The carving includes both animals and images of daily life.

    The minster, dedicated to St Vincent (originally the parish church, later made collegiate), was planned by Matthäus Ensinger from 1421 to replace a 12th century predecessor. It was largely completed by about 1540 by successive architects, including Vince…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The choir, raised above a crypt, consists of a short, straight bay preceding a polygonal apse with an ambulatory. The choir arcades, which increase in height towards the apex, rest on clustered piers; the gallery, which was reconstructed after the earthquake, has a single opening screened by tracery bars, which are extensions of the clerestory mullions.

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The present structure, dedicated to St. Peter, is a transitional Romanesque-Gothic work, begun in the 1160s and finished ca. 1232. It is small (l. ca. 70 m) and built to a basilical plan. The two transept towers represent the survival of a Carolingian tradition of building that was common in the Middle and Upper Rhine regions. The general plan was influenced by Cistercian churches, with two rectangular chapels at the east end of each transept. The cathedral retains its carved capitals, which …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01