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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Rievaulx Abbey is a former Cistercian abbey located in the village of Rievaulx, near Helmsley in North Yorkshire, England. Rievaulx was founded in 1132 by Walter Espec, a powerful northern baron and landowner, with monks from Clairvaux in eastern France. The Abbey began to decline in the late 13th century. By 1380 only fifteen monks and three lay brothers are mentioned. It was once one of the wealthiest abbeys in England and was dissolved by Henry VIII of England in 1538. In 1758 the still-ex…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The late 12th-century refectory measured 37.8 by 11.9 m and was one of the largest of its type in England. The interior was decorated by blind arcades alternating with 21 large lancet windows, which poured light on the monks as they assembled for their daily meal. Access from the cloister was through a trefoil-headed doorway flanked by blind arcading and fronted by lead-lined troughs, in which the monks washed their hands before meals.

    Rievaulx Abbey is a former Cistercian abbey located in t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    From ca. 1200 until its dissolution in 1539 St. Mary’s Abbey was the richest monastic house in the north of England. This is attested by the remains of its 13th-, 14th- and 15th-century buildings (now in ruins). The church chancel is Romanesque, but had the most important extant Early Gothic sculpture in England (now in York Museum). The eastern arm of the church (begun 1270) was a nine-bay aisled rectangle of a locally well-established type. Other buildings include a chapter house and th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The tomb of Thomas Beauchamp stands in front of the high altar; the tiny figures around its base give a fine depiction of Fourteenth century English fashion.

    Founded by Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick in 1123. The only surviving part of the Norman church which de Beaumont had built is the crypt. Extensively rebuilt in the 14th century by a later Earl of Warwick, Thomas de Beauchamp (later pronounced Beecham) in the Perpendicular Gothic style. His descendants built what is officially c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Reflects a mix of styles in vogue simultaneously. First, boldly modelled capitals and bases in a richly articulated style are seen on the tower, built by an Abingdon mason in the 1270s. At St. Mary’s, always a parish church of which the most influential parishioner was the university, Bishop Cobham of Worcester (reigned 1317-1327) paid for an austerely plain two-storey wing, known as the Congregation House, to be added east of the tower. The upper floor served as a university library. Bel…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The eastern transept of the abbey church, completed ca. 1247.

    Fountains Abbey was founded in 1132 following a dispute at St. Mary’s Abbey in York. Thirteen exiled Benedictine monks were supplied with a site in the valley of the River Skell and joined the Cistercian order in 1135. The land was well watered, both by the River Skell and by six springs, hence the name St. Mary of the Springs, latinized to ‘de Fontibus’. Along with Rievaulx, it was the most important Cistercian abbey …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The monument with the cage arch is for Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, to the left against the wall is the tomb of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. The smaller effigy tomb on the right is Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick.

    Founded by Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick in 1123. The only surviving part of the Norman church which de Beaumont had built is the crypt. Extensively rebuilt in the 14th century by a later Earl of Warwick, Thomas de Beauchamp (later pronounced Be…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Nieuwe Kerk

    The town council was a constantly active patron. During 1649-1656 the large, centralized Protestant Nieuwe Kerk was built by the city architect, Pieter Arensz. Noorwits, and Bartholomeus Cornelisz. van Bassen as part of a project to modernize an overcrowded industrial and harbour area. The ground-plan of the freestanding church consists of a rectangle with two apses against each of the long sides and one against each short side, thus creating a “preaching” church with a…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    It is the city’s major Catholic church. Officially the church was called St. Nicholas Inside the Walls, i.e. the oldest part of the Amsterdam defense works. The architect, Adrianus Bleijs designed the church based on a combination of several revival styles of which Neo-Baroque and neo-Renaissance are the most prominent. The facade is crowned by two towers with a rose window in between. The center of this window is formed by a bas-relief depicting Christ and the four Evangelists, made in t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A Roman Catholic church, begun ca. 1820 in a location on the Singel Canal, formerly occupied by the West-Indisch Binnenhuis. It was Neoclassical in style with three aisles. Architect Theo Molkenboer added a transept in 1853. On December 31, 1933 the church was closed and sold to the Dutch Society of Life. The church was demolished in 1939. The Municipal University now occupies the site.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A Protestant church in Leiden, located at the Lange Mare and the Oude Vest canal. The brick church was designed by the city architect Arentsz van ‘sGravesande in 1639-1649. It is an early example of an octagonal domed church. The main entrance (in stone) was designed by Jacob van Campen in 1659.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1614 the States General commissioned Hendrik de Keyser to design a funerary monument for William the Silent, Prince of Orange for the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft (in situ). Completed in 1621, this is de Keyser’s best-known work and also the most important piece of sculpture of his period. The terracotta model (Amsterdam, Rijksmus.) was ready as early as 1614. The white marble figure on the tomb lies under a canopy of black-and-white marble, at the corners of which are four allegorical bronze …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01