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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A Buddhist temple (wat) in the Bangkok Yai district, on the Thonburi west bank of the Chao Phraya River. The full name of the temple is Wat Arunratchawararam Ratchaworamahawihan. Thonburi was the Thai capital for 15 years between the sack of Ayutthaya in 1767 and the establishment of the royal court at Bangkok in 1782, during which period the temple was built. Its restoration was undertaken in 1785 and included the enlargement of its most significant feature, a Khmer-style prang (tower-sanctu…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The church, started by Boitac, has a nave and aisles (three-aisled church with five bays) under a single vault (25 x 25 m), with slender, articulated columns and a projecting transept (29 x 27 m).

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Belém, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Work on the vast square cloister (55 x 55 m) of the monastery was begun by Boitac. João de Castilho completed the cloister, crowning it with an upper storey.

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Belém, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) decided to build a grand monastery for …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Work on the vast square cloister (55 x 55 m) of the monastery was begun by Boitac. João de Castilho completed the cloister, crowning it with an upper storey.

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Belém, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) decided to build a grand monastery for …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Belém, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) decided to build a grand monastery for the Hieronymite Order, which would continue to serve mariners as well as providing a burial place for the king. It also commemorated Vasco da Gama’s succes…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Because the first two kings of Portugal are buried in the church it was granted the status of National Pantheon. Founded in 1131 outside the protecting walls of Coimbra, the Santa Cruz Monastery was the most important monastic house during the early days of the Portuguese monarchy. A Romanesque structure, it subsequently underwent considerable change: after a series of alterations in the 15th and 16th centuries and particularly following work carried out in the early 16th century by Diogo de …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Unfinished Chapels form a separate octagonal structure tacked on the choir of the church (via a retrochoir) and only accessible from the outside.

    Former Dominican priory, dedicated to S Maria da Vitória, about 10 km south of Leiria, Portugal. Founded by John I (João I, reigned 1385-1433), the first king of the Aviz dynasty, to celebrate the Battle of Aljubarrota (1385), it is the most representative and important example of Late Gothic architecture in Portugal. The first architect, from …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A luxury hotel located in the mountain range of Serra do Bussaco, in the municipality of Mealhada, in central Portugal, built around remnants of a Discalced Carmelite convent established in 1628, including the church and notable gardens. The Carmelites left Buçaco in the mid-19th century, as the religious orders were dissolved in Portugal. Late in the century there were plans to turn the ancient convent into a royal residence for Queen Maria Pia, wife of King Luís I. However, difficult politi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1717 John V of Portugal, fulfilling a vow made in 1711, determined to rebuild a friary at Mafra for the Franciscans of Arrábida; the project dramatically expanded as the King appointed a vast team of workers. The plan of the palace-convent comprises two rectangles, with apartments on various floors. The rectangle containing the church and palace faces the town of Mafra and the sea, the more secluded rectangle being destined for the friars. The chief influence at Mafra is the architecture o…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded as a convent for the Carmelite Order in 1389. The medieval convent was ruined in the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake, and the ruins of its Gothic church (Igreja do Carmo) are the main trace of the great earthquake still visible in the city. The Convent library and its 5000 books were all lost. The convent was remodelled and eventually became a military quarters. The church was never fully rebuilt and was donated in 1864 to the Association of Portuguese Archaeologists, which turned the ruined b…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Designed by João de Castilho in the Manueline style, the shrine-like portal is large, 32 m high and 12 m wide, extending up two stories. It includes gables, pinnacles, many carved figures standing under a baldachin in exquisitely carved niches, around a statue of Henry the Navigator (center jamb figure). The tympanum features scenes from the life of Saint Jerome. The Madonna of Belém stands on a pedestal on top of the archivolt.

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon bec…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Designed by João de Castilho in the Manueline style, the shrine-like portal is large, 32 m high and 12 m wide, extending up two stories. It includes gables, pinnacles, many carved figures standing under a baldachin in exquisitely carved niches, around a statue of Henry the Navigator (center jamb figure). The tympanum features scenes from the life of Saint Jerome. The Madonna of Belém stands on a pedestal on top of the archivolt.

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon bec…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01