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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Nunnery Quadrangle, which lies immediately west of the Temple of the Magician, consists of four range structures or multi-roomed buildings. These are renowned for the mosaic friezes on the upper sections of their façades, which have naturalistic and geometric motifs and Chac masks.

    Pre-Columbian Maya site in the Puuc region of the Northern Maya Lowlands of Yucatán, Mexico. It flourished c. AD 800-c. 1000, at the end of the Late Classic period (c. AD 600-c. 900) and the beginning of the E…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Site of Pre-Columbian Maya and Toltec city in the Yucatán peninsula, Mexico. It flourished during the Post-Classic period (ca. 900-1521 CE). Chichén Itzá (‘mouth of the well of the Itzá’) is named after its ‘Sacred Cenote’, a natural limestone sinkhole that served as a focus for pilgrimages and sacrificial offerings. Close artistic correspondences between Chichén Itzá and Tula in Hidalgo have suggested that the Central-Highland Mesoamericans invaded Yucatán and forced the loca…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of three main palace groups (Church Group, Column Group and Arroyo Group) showing the low, extremely wide, but shallow buildings which would have had flat roofs.

    Site of a Pre-Columbian Zapotec and Mixtec city in the eastern arm of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Excavations have revealed that Mitla was a small Zapotec town around AD 400. Mixtec rule began c. AD 1000, when the city became a royal burial centre, but even then most of the population was still probably Zapotec. Mitla (Nahuatl…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    However, what makes Mitla unique among Mesoamerican sites is the elaborate and intricate mosaic fretwork and geometric designs that cover tombs, panels, friezes and even entire walls. These mosaics are made with small, finely cut and polished stone pieces which have been fitted together without the use of mortar.

    Site of a Pre-Columbian Zapotec and Mixtec city in the eastern arm of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Excavations have revealed that Mitla was a small Zapotec town around AD 400. Mixt…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of three main palace groups (Church Group, Column Group and Arroyo Group) showing the low, extremely wide, but shallow buildings which would have had flat roofs.

    Site of a Pre-Columbian Zapotec and Mixtec city in the eastern arm of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Excavations have revealed that Mitla was a small Zapotec town around AD 400. Mixtec rule began c. AD 1000, when the city became a royal burial centre, but even then most of the population was still probably Zapotec. Mitla (Nahuatl…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Similar discipline and elaboration occur in the designs of the palaces (Church Group, Column Group and Arroyo Group).

    Site of a Pre-Columbian Zapotec and Mixtec city in the eastern arm of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Excavations have revealed that Mitla was a small Zapotec town around AD 400. Mixtec rule began c. AD 1000, when the city became a royal burial centre, but even then most of the population was still probably Zapotec. Mitla (Nahuatl: ‘Arrow place’, a corruption of ‘Mi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Characteristics of the Puuc style include limestone construction, often with smooth wall surfaces; plaster (stucco) finishes; masks and other representations of the rain god Chac (Chaac); and the prevalence of styling along horizontal lines.

    Pre-Columbian Maya site in the Puuc region of the Northern Maya Lowlands of Yucatán, Mexico. It flourished c. AD 800-c. 1000, at the end of the Late Classic period (c. AD 600-c. 900) and the beginning of the Early Post-Classic period (c. AD 900-c. 1200),…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Pre-Columbian Maya site in the Puuc region of the Northern Maya Lowlands of Yucatán, Mexico. It flourished c. AD 800-c. 1000, at the end of the Late Classic period (c. AD 600-c. 900) and the beginning of the Early Post-Classic period (c. AD 900-c. 1200), but was also occupied earlier. Among the best-known structures, the names of which are all post-Spanish Conquest attributions, are the Palace (or House) of the Governor, the Temple (or Pyramid) of the Magician (El Adivino) and the Nunnery Qua…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Pre-Columbian Maya site in the Puuc region of the Northern Maya Lowlands of Yucatán, Mexico. It flourished c. AD 800-c. 1000, at the end of the Late Classic period (c. AD 600-c. 900) and the beginning of the Early Post-Classic period (c. AD 900-c. 1200), but was also occupied earlier. Among the best-known structures, the names of which are all post-Spanish Conquest attributions, are the Palace (or House) of the Governor, the Temple (or Pyramid) of the Magician (El Adivino) and the Nunnery Qua…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Most of the known buildings and monuments have been dated to the Late Classic period (ca. 600–900). The Late Classic architecture at Yaxchilán, as in Structures 6, 19, 20, 25, 30, 33, 39 and 40, features doorways with sculptured stone lintels, heavily decorated upper façades filled with stone and stucco sculptures, and high roof-combs (ornamented stone extensions above the temple roofs) pierced by holes and covered with sculptures. These features can be seen best in Structure 33 , which typif…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Columns Group, Grand Hall of Columns. It measures 120 by 21 feet (37 by 6.4 m) and has six columns of volcanic stone that once supported the roof.

    Site of a Pre-Columbian Zapotec and Mixtec city in the eastern arm of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Excavations have revealed that Mitla was a small Zapotec town around AD 400. Mixtec rule began c. AD 1000, when the city became a royal burial centre, but even then most of the population was still probably Zapotec. Mitla (Nahuatl: ‘Arrow pl…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of three main palace groups (Church Group, Column Group and Arroyo Group) showing the low, extremely wide, but shallow buildings which would have had flat roofs.

    Site of a Pre-Columbian Zapotec and Mixtec city in the eastern arm of the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Excavations have revealed that Mitla was a small Zapotec town around AD 400. Mixtec rule began c. AD 1000, when the city became a royal burial centre, but even then most of the population was still probably Zapotec. Mitla (Nahuatl…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01