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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1855 Haussmann completed an enormous new boulevard, originally called boulevard de Sébastopol-rive-gauche, now called Boulevard Saint-Michel, which opened up the small place Pont-Saint-Michel into a much larger space. Davioud was charged with the new facades and fountain of the square. The prefect authorities asked to build a fountain to hide the end wall of the building at the corner of boulevard Saint-Michel and Saint-André des Arts. The iconography is the Archangel Michael wrestling the…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In the distance the Fountain of the Rivers, to the north, can be seen in front of the facade of the Madeleine church, with the obelisk in center. South Maritime Fountain is closest.

    The Fontaines de la Concorde are two monumental fountains located in the Place de la Concorde in the center of Paris. They were designed by Jacques Ignace Hittorff, and completed in 1840 during the reign of King Louis-Philippe. The south fountain commemorates the maritime commerce and industry of France, and the …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The square is a tiny park adjoining Notre Dame de Paris on the east side named after Pope John XXIII. The central sculpture within the neo-Gothic spire is the Virgin and Child, sculpted by Merlieux. The lower part of the fountain shows three archangels defeating the allegorical figure of heresy. The fountain is known as the Archbishop’s Fountain as the area, since the 17th century, had been the site of the Archbishop’s Palace and garden.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Built against the wall of presbytere of the Church of St. Paul, next to the Lycée Charlemagne.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    At the rear of the church, above the high altar, stands a statue by Charles Marochetti depicting St Mary Magdalene being carried up to heaven by two angels. The half-dome above the altar is frescoed by Jules-Claude Ziegler, entitled The History of Christianity, showing the key figures in the Christian religion with (a sign of its Second Empire date) Napoleon occupying centre stage.

    From 1806 Vignon concentrated on completing the Madeleine, a church that had remained unfinished since the days…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Musée du Petit-Palais houses fragments from the tombs of John XXII and Innocent VI, a recumbent statue of Pope Urban V, and the tomb of Cardinal Philippe de Cabassole. This view shows an earlier display in the Museum Calvet, Avignon. Only the effigy is from Urban’ original tomb.

    The Musée du Petit-Palais was originally the bishop’s palace and it is where the first two Avignon popes lived before the Palais des Papes was constructed, including Pope John XXII, who had been Archbisho…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The collegiate church of St Urbain epitomizes the high degree of refinement and sophistication achieved by French Rayonnant architecture during the third quarter of the 13th century. St Urbain was founded by Pope Urban IV in May 1262 on the site of his birthplace. Although attempts have been made to attribute St Urbain to Jean Langlois, mentioned as ‘magister operis’ in a fabric account, it seems more likely that he was a financial official charged with disbursing papal funds. Thus th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The public park is fifteen hectares in area, and it is styled as an English garden, a genre popular since the early 19th century. The park was ordained by Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann as part of a plan to add green areas to Paris. The water reservoir in the northeast portion of the park covers an historic entrance to the Paris catacombs. Jean-Claude Alphand (1817-1901), with the assistance of Edouard André (1827-1911), was in charge of laying out and improving the parks; the planting was …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The bronze statue (Hercules Battling Achelous in the form of a Serpent [814-1824] by François Joseph Bosio), has been moved to the Cour Puget of the Louvre.

    Le Nôtre’s career was doubtless determined at an early age, since his grandfather, Pierre, and his father, Jean, were both royal gardeners, who worked principally at the Palais des Tuileries. When his father retired in 1637, he was allowed by Louis XIII to pass on to his son his title of Premier Jardinier du Roi au Grand Jardin des T…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The original is in Nantes Cathedral. Large scale plaster cast collections (such as the Cast Court of the Victoria and Albert Museum) were very popular ca. 1870-1910.

    The construction of the cathedral began in 1434, on the site of a Romanesque cathedral, and took 457 years to finish, finally reaching completion in 1891. The first architect in charge was Guillaume de Dammartin who was later replaced by Mathurin Rodier. The construction began with the west façade, the aisles of the nave and its…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The subject of this portal (dated ca.1130) is the Pentecostal Mission of the Apostles, which also reflected on the contemporary Crusades. The lintel portrays the “ungodly” people of the world. Much of this was defaced during the French Revolution.

    Former Cluniac abbey and pilgrimage church in Burgundy, France. Founded in the mid-9th century by Girart de Roussillon. Vézelay’s prosperity in the 11th and 12th centuries was based on its possession of the putative relics of St Mary …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    [The Hôtel du Soubise (former Hôtel de Clisson) was built on the site of the mansion of the Duc de Guise by Delamair between 1705 and 1712. The interior decoration is the work of Natoire, Boucher, Van Loo, Restout, Lemoyne and others. It has been the home of the Archives Nationales since 1808. The earlier entrance, the turreted Gothic gateway of 1380 (at 58 Rue des Archives) was part of the Hôtel de Clisson (1372-1375) built by the Constable Olivier de Clisson, a supporter of Charles V. The f…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01