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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The cupola was probably not included on Michelangelo’s 1547 model, and it was not until 1558 that the carpenters began work on the larger-scale model (1:5; Rome, Vatican, Mus. Stor. A. Tesoro S Pietro) for the drum and dome, which Michelangelo justifiably felt to be the last task of his life (he was then 83). Whereas Bramante and Antonio da Sangallo (ii) had favoured an all'antica single-shell dome, Michelangelo’s was to be composed of two hemispherical shells. His starting-point …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The funeral monument of Countess Matilda di Canossa, Pope Gregory VII’s great champion against the Emperor Henry VI. The monument was conceived by Bernini who began it in 1633, commissioned by Urban VIII. The head of Matilda is by Andrea Bolgi (1605-1656), the rest of the figure by Luigi Bernini. The central bas-relief which shows Henry IV kneeling before Gregory VII on 28 January 1077 after waiting or three days and three nights to be received, is the work of Stefano Speranza. The two ch…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of two colossal basins, completed 1725 by Agostino Cornacchini; this one is on the south side of the nave.

    Bramante was hired by Julius II to begin a radical reconstruction, to replace Old Saint Peter’s, and intensive planning by Bramante, Giuliano da Sangallo and Fra Giovanni Giocondo preceded the laying of the foundation stone on 18 April 1506. Since Bramante’s first designs of 1506, half a dozen architects had worked under five successive popes, all bringing their own revision…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    St Longinus is one of the four colossal marble statues of the saints associated with the relics Bernini assembled for display in the crossing; the head of the apostle Andrew; the lance of Longinus; Veronica’s veil; and fragments of the True Cross brought to Rome by St Helena. As a group they relate to the baldacchino. St Veronica and St Helena seem to direct their attention to and move towards the papal altar at which Christ’s Passion is re-enacted during Mass. St Andrew and St Longin…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Portrayed as he gives a blessing and preaches, while holding the keys to the kingdom of heaven. The foot is worn thin from centuries of being touched by pilgrims. The backdrop is a mosaic.

    The bronze figure of St. Peter in St. Peter’s, Rome, was based on the antique statue of a philosopher (now Rome, Grotte Vaticane), remodelled to represent Peter. The long-disputed dating of the bronze figure to the late 13th century, first advocated by Wickhoff (1890), was confirmed by an analysis of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Commissioned in 1497 by the French Cardinal Jean Villiers de La Grolais (ca. 1430-1499) for his own tomb, it was begun the following year and was finished by 1500. It signals the beginning of Michelangelo’s maturity as a sculptor.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The new pope (Alexander VII) revived a scheme, first discussed under Urban VIII, to build a monumental reliquary in the apse of St Peter’s for the apostle’s throne. The Cathedra Petri (1657-66), an immense work, perfectly proportioned to the vast dimensions of the apse and visually framed from the nave by the columns of the baldacchino, provides the climax to Bernini’s work in the basilica. High above the altar, the great bronze throne of Peter seems to hover in mid-air.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Sandro Fancelli, Raffaello da Montelupo, Tommaso di Pietro Boscoli, Jacopo del Duca helped complete the sculpture. The arrangement seen today in San Pietro is a fragment of the original plan. The four Slaves are now in the Accademia, Florence and two Captive figures are in the Louvre, Paris. “The seemingly perfect match between an ambitious pontiff and an ambitious artist was disastrous for Michelangelo’s career in one respect: until 1545 his life was dominated by repeated failures t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Michelangelo carved the Moses circa 1515. Dimensions of Moses: 92.5 in. height; width at base at front 37.5 in. Depicting Moses with ‘horns’ was a convention of Christian iconography, and probably due to a mistranslation of a biblical description of rays of light radiating from his head.

    Sandro Fancelli, Raffaello da Montelupo, Tommaso di Pietro Boscoli, Jacopo del Duca helped complete the sculpture. The arrangement seen today in San Pietro is a fragment of the original plan. The fou…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Flanked by the figures of “Benignity,” by Lazzaro Morelli, and of “Clemency,” by Giuseppe Mazzuoli.

    In the floor in front of the monument to Pope Clement X, under a simple tombstone, lie the remains of Pope Sixtus IV and Pope Julius II. For the last 25 years of Bernini’s life, Mattia de Rossi was his principal assistant and frequently served as his clerk of works. With a pyramid-shaped design, the monument is noted for its imaginative multicolored effect, using precio…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The facade was rebuilt (restored) after being devastated by an Allied bombing on July 19, 1943. The column is topped by St. Lawrence with his gridiron.

    The basilica of San Lorenzo fuori le Mura is one of the most important basilica churches and one of the Seven Pilgrim Churches of Rome. The basilica is the shrine tomb of the church’s namesake, Saint Lawrence, one of the first seven deacons of Rome martyred in 258. Pope Pius IX, awaiting canonization into sainthood, is also buried at the …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The original plan was conceived by Girolamo Rainaldi, continued by his son, Carlo Rainaldi, and completed, especially the facade and towers, by Borromini. “The church must be regarded as the High Baroque revision of the centralized plan for St. Peter’s. The dome of St. Agnese has a distinct place in a long line of domes dependent on Michelangelo’s creation - here dome and towers form a grand unit, perfectly balanced in scale. Never before had it been possible for a beholder to vi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01