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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    [This image is flopped. Mansion House should be on the left of the sculpture seen from the back.] The equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington stands in front of the Exchange. Cast from the metal of guns taken from the French by Francis Chantry, 1844.

    Mansion House is a rare surviving Georgian town palace in London. It is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of London. Dance’s designs of 1735 show the influence of Colen Campbell’s Wanstead House, Essex, particularly in the gre…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington stands in front of the Exchange. Cast from the metal of guns taken from the French by Francis Chantry, 1844.

    The Royal Exchange in the City of London was founded in 1565 by Sir Thomas Gresham to act as a centre of commerce for the city. The site was provided by the City of London Corporation and the Worshipful Company of Mercers, and is trapezoidal, flanked by the converging streets of Cornhill and Threadneedle Street. The previous buildings on…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Trafalgar Square is a square in central London. In the 1820s the Prince Regent engaged the landscape architect John Nash to redevelop the area. Nash cleared the square as part of his Charing Cross Improvement Scheme. The present architecture of the square is due to Sir Charles Barry and was completed in 1845. At its centre is Nelson’s Column (1840-1843), which is guarded by four lion statues at its base. Statues and sculptures are on display in the square, including a fourth plinth now di…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The architecture is French-inspired Renaissance, but the decoration is German in inspiration,and sources for the statues have been found in the work of the German engraver Hans Burgkmair, carried out by Scottish masons.

    Castle in Central region, Scotland. It was built overlooking the River Forth at a strategically important junction of routes by both land and water, where there was the additional advantage of a high volcanic outcrop as a natural setting for the royal castle required to defen…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1251 fire destroyed part of the 11th-century cathedral. Rebuilding started after 1288, but a plan had already been made in 1254. The choir is heavily influenced by French Rayonnant churches. About 1315 the transepts were reached, but not built. Between 1321 and 1381 a single tower 112 m high was erected to the west of the old Romanesque nave. The Gothic transepts and the nave were built during the 15th century and early 16th, but the nave collapsed during the storm of 1674 and was never re…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Noordeinde Palace is one of the three official palaces of the Dutch royal family. Prince Frederik Hendrik substantially enlarged the manor house of 1533 (which had once been a medieval farmhouse), then known as the Oude Hof. In 1640 he commissioned Pieter Post to enlarge and embellish his mother’s 16th-century house on the Noordeinde (now the Paleis Noordeinde), after designs of 1639 by Jacob van Campen. The alterations included lengthening the main building and adding wings on either sid…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Work on the vast square cloister (55 x 55 m) of the monastery was begun by Boitac. João de Castilho completed the cloister, crowning it with an upper storey.

    Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Belém, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) decided to build a grand monastery for …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    About AD 611 Bishop Marius transferred his seat from Avenches to Lausanne, and a cathedral church was mentioned in 814. During the early Middle Ages, particularly in the 11th century, the bishop steadily increased his authority over the city. The medieval city was established from the early Middle Ages on the fortified hill of the Cité. The Cité was occupied by the Bishop’s Palace (from late 10th century; mostly destroyed), and the later episcopal Château-fort de St Maire (from 1397). Fro…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The column and the statue were sculpted in 1584-1585 by Laurent Perroud from Neuchâtel and his son Jacques, the former having passed away before its completion. Laurent Perroud built a number of fountains throughout western Switzerland. In particular he depicted Justice in Neuchâtel, Soleure and Moudon. The fountain in Lausanne features the typical blindfolded young woman bearing a sword and scales. The Pope, the Emperor, the Grand Turk and a magistrate are bowing in submission at her feet. T…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There are over 100 public fountains in the city of Bern of which eleven are crowned with Renaissance allegorical statues. The statues were created during the period of civic improvement that occurred as Bern became a major city-state during the 16th century. Hans Gieng (first mentioned 1525-died 1562) was a Swiss Renaissance sculptor best known for his public fountain figures in the Old Town of Bern as well as Fribourg. Gieng, who was probably of Swabian origin, is recorded to have become a c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. This one is in the original location. A sculpted gnome holds tanner’s tools, a reference to the guild in the neighborhood. The top sculpture represents Christ and the Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well, a circular well above which there is a semicircular arch richly decorated with representations of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. They were made of limestone, but, due to shifting traffic patterns, most have been repositioned and replaced by copies. This fountain is in the original position and has a composite capital with the heads of Herod, Herodias, Salome, and St. John the Baptist, topped with a full figure of St. John the Baptis…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01