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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The forum was placed more or less centrally, where the main north-south street met the main east-west street. The square (50 x 43 m) was surrounded by shops, a public lavatory, the judicial basilica, a temple dedicated to Trajan and his military victories and, in the north-east corner, the so-called Maison des Jardinières.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overw…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The capitolium (or Capitoline Temple), a magnificent temple to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva (begun ca 160 CE), was built on a high podium to the south-west of the town. It has approximately the same dimensions as the Pantheon in Rome.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a mil…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    During the reign of Caracalla in the 3rd century, Cuicul’s administrators took down some of the old ramparts and constructed a new forum. The arch dates from 216 CE.

    A colony founded by the Roman emperor Nerva in a mountainous area 80 km west of Constantine. The original inhabitants were Roman veterans, and it was later settled by families from Carthage and other African towns. It has been the site of a Christian community from the mid-3rd century CE. The ruins are designated a World Her…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The library probably dates from the 4th century CE.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m; most were subdivided into properties for the individual settlers, while a good number were given over to…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m; most were subdivided into properties for the individual settlers, while a good number were given over to public buildings. Following a Byzantine period, it w…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Beyond the Timgad arch, to the right, lay the temple of the genius of the colony. “Genio Coloniae Thamug,” found on an inscription on an altar. It had an irregularly shaped court with a colonnade containing statues of a number of gods. In ancient Roman religion, the genius was the individual instance of a general divine nature that is present in every individual person, place or thing (Genius loci applied to places).

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The original Roman grid plan is magnificently visible in the orthogonal design, highlighted by the decumanus maximus (the east-west road) and the cardo (the north-south street) lined by a partially-restored Corinthian colonnade. The cardo does not proceed completely through the town but instead terminates in a forum at the intersection with the decumanus.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lamb…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There were two large Christian complexes in the town, both of which contained a baptistery, one associated with the Donatist sect, and the other which may have belonged to the Catholic church. The Donatist cathedral baptistery (4th century CE) has a hexagonal, 3-step immersion baptismal font richly decorated with mosaics.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwh…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In the town no fewer than 14 bath complexes were built. The caldarium had furnaces or a hypocaust under the floor (which rested on the stone pillars shown).

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m;…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m; most were subdivided into properties for the individual settlers, while a good number were given over to public buildings. Following a Byzantine period, it w…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m; most were subdivided into properties for the individual settlers, while a good number were given over to public buildings. Following a Byzantine period, it w…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The minaret is also a clock tower.

    The New Mosque (Jamaa-el-Jedid), dating from the 17th century, is in the form of a Greek cross, surmounted by a large white dome, with four small cupolas at the corners. The minaret is 90 feet (27 m) high and is also a clock tower. The interior resembles that of the Grand Mosque. The French called it Mosquée de la Pêcherie, Mosque of the Fishers, because of its location near the sea. It was built under Ottoman rule.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01