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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound that symbolized the first land to emerge from the primordial swamp….

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Abydos (Araba al-Madfuna) was the necropolis of This, the seat of the first two Egyptian dynasties. As the country’s most ancient capital, it remained significant throughout Egyptian history, becoming the principal cult centre of Osiris, a funerary deity who embodied the tradition of kingship. It was visited by pilgrims until Roman times (30 BCE-395 CE). The temple complex of Seti I [Sethos I, died 1279 BCE] was built on entirely new ground half a mile to the south. The underground cenota…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound that symbolized the first land to emerge from the primordial swamp….

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Site of a vast necropolis in Egypt, on a steep hillside on the east bank of the Nile, about 250 km south of Cairo. While there are some Old Kingdom burials at the site, it was primarily used during the Middle Kingdom, spanning the 21st to 17th centuries BCE (Middle Bronze Age). The tombs at Beni Hasan contain the most extensive and important group of wall-paintings in Middle Egypt, dating to a period from the late Old Kingdom to the Middle Kingdom. The cemetery contains more than 900 tombs di…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound that symbolized the first land to emerge from the primordial swamp….

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    For centuries after the Islamic conquest in 642 CE Alexandria was the second city of Egypt and perhaps second only to Constantinople in the Mediterranean basin. The mosque was constructed in honour of Sufi Gaber ben Ishaq ben Ibrahim ben Mohammad al-Ansari (born in Fez, Morocco). The mosque directly faces the sea on Port Said St. Medieval Andalucian traveller Ibn Gobair is thought to be buried here.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    West lateral tableau depicts the massacre of the prisoners. The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound that sy…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Ptolemy III, Euergetes I (246-221 BCE) built the small Temple of Hathor on the island of Bigga (ancient name Senemt), one of many small islands in the Aswan area. Bigga lies to the west of Philae and was originally visible from the Kiosk of Nectanebo on Philae [kiosk now relocated to Agilqiyya]. Bigga was also the site of the Abaton, or Tomb of Osiris. The temple of Hathor was later turned into a church in the Coptic period.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This has now been relocated to the sacred lake’s western side.

    The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Egyptian site ca. 20 km south of Cairo on the west bank of the Nile. Memphis was founded at the beginning of the 1st Dynasty (ca. 2925 BCE), traditionally by King Menes or possibly by King Narmer, and served as the national capital during the Early Dynastic Period and the Old Kingdom (ca. 2925-ca. 2150 BCE). Thereafter it retained its political, economic, strategic, religious and artistic pre-eminence over three millennia, into the Roman period (30 BCE-395 CE). The major excavations of the Br…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound that symbolized the first land to emerge from the primordial swamp….

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01