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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Sufi holy man Shaykh Salim Chisti (1479-1572) established his hermitage on the ridge at Sikri in 1537; Akbar consulted with him. His tomb is part of the Jami‛ Masjid mosque complex built by Akbar. The tomb bears a date of 1581-1582, but its present white marble exterior was probably commissioned ca. 1605 by Jahangir (reigned 1605-1627). The tomb is square in plan with a porch at the front reminiscent of the porches of Hindu temples. The central chamber is enclosed by a screened verandah, serv…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The room is popularly referred to as “Saman Burj,” bedroom of the princess, although the scales would indicate a formal reception room.

    Built by the emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658) between 1639 and 1648, the Lal Qil‛a was the citadel of his new city Shahjahanabad. The complex has many buildings. The Khas-Mahal (“private house”) consists of three parts. The set of three rooms facing the Diwan-i-Khas is called the Tasbih-Khana (“chamber for telling beads”) …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The lake is now dry.

    Built near the much older Sikri, the historical city of Fatehabad, as it was first named, was constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar beginning in 1570. (His “city” was largely a mosque and palace complex.) It remained his capital until 1580s; inadequate water supply forced the evacuation of the city in 1605. Two of the buildings of the palace complex are the Diwan-i-Aam (public audience hall) and the Panch Mahal, a five-storied palatial structure, the highest …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    An inscription on the eastern gate of the Quwwat al-Islam Mosque hints at the lost splendour of ancient (Tomara) Delhi when it states that 27 temples were destroyed and their stone reused to build the mosque complex. In the middle of the mosque’s courtyard is the Iron Pillar (ca. 400), a relic of the Gupta period cast in a pure, non-corrosive iron. According to the Sanskrit inscription, the tapering column (7.21 m) was a victory standard (Skt dhvaja) in honor of Vishnu and was probably cr…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Built near the much older Sikri, the historical city of Fatehabad, as it was first named, was constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar beginning in 1570. (His “city” was largely a mosque and palace complex.) It remained his capital until 1580s; inadequate water supply forced the evacuation of the city in 1605. Two of the buildings of the palace complex are the Diwan-i-Aam (public audience hall) and the Panch Mahal, a five-storied palatial structure, the highest building of the civic …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Udaipur was chosen by Maharana Udai Singh (reigned 1567-1572) of the Sisodia Rajputs as the new capital of the Mewar state, after the previous Mewar capital, the hilltop fortress of Chittorgarh, was sacked by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The colossal City Palace was built on the east bank of Lake Pichola. The palace was begun by Udai Singh but dates mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries (building permitted by the Mughal overlords). It consists of a series of buildings faced in white plaster wi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Thanjavur was capital of the Chola dynasty from the mid-9th century AD to the mid-12th, in Tamil Nadu, India. The temple to Shiva as Great Lord (Brihadishvara) is a royal foundation of Rajaraja I (reigned 985-1014), after whom it is best known as Rajarajeshvara. It was consecrated in 1010. Size is its most striking feature, and in its time it must have been the largest temple in India. In addition to the tower (vimana) of the main temple, there are numerous shrines and sculptures, courtyards …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Away from the river front and on a lower level, the Divan-i ‛Am (“Hall of Public Audience”) occupies one side of a vast courtyard. The hall is open on three sides. Three aisles of cusped arches form the interior, which is nine bays across and which has nine cusped arches forming the western façade. The repeated line of the arches receding down the vast aisles creates a sense of harmony as well as splendour. The throne chamber, recessed in the eastern wall, is of white marble embelli…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Taj Mahal complex is bounded on three sides by crenellated red sandstone walls, with the river-facing side left open. Outside the walls are several additional mausoleums. The main gateway (darwaza) is a monumental structure. The face is a grand recessed arch (iwan) set within a rectangular frame and flanked by alcoves in two storeys, like the facade of the Taj Mahal. Its pishtaq arches also incorporate the calligraphy that decorates the tomb. It utilizes bas-relief and pietra dura inlaid …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01