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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The “Stone of the Pregnant Woman” (Arabic: Hadjar el Hibla‎) or Stone of the South is a Roman monolith. Together with another ancient stone block nearby, it is among the very largest monoliths ever quarried by men. The two building blocks were intended for the close-by Roman temple complex − possibly as an addition to the so-called trilith − whose monolithic gigantism remained unparalled in antiquity and beyond.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was i…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The real interest of this temple lies in its interior where giant engaged columns running down the long north and south sides articulate an arcade below and niches crowned by triangular pediments above.

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although sti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The real interest of this temple lies in its interior where giant engaged columns running down the long north and south sides articulate an arcade below and niches crowned by triangular pediments above.

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although sti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The temple complex consists of a monumental propylaeum, a hexagonal forecourt and a rectangular court containing a centrally placed tower altar and dominated by the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was identified with worship of Baal, a Semitic sun-god (thus the name Heliopolis); most buildings were erected under reign of Roman Antoninus Pius 138-161. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopol…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally had 8 columns on the back and 15 columns on the side.

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although still roughly the size of the Parthenon. Like the Temple of Jupiter, it is in the Corinthian order, with 8 columns along the front and rear a…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although still roughly the size of the Parthenon. Like the Temple of Jupiter, it is in the Corinthian order, with 8 columns along the front and rear and 15 down the sides; the columns are again of local limestone wit…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although still roughly the size of the Parthenon. Like the Temple of Jupiter, it is in the Corinthian order, with 8 columns along the front and rear and 15 down the sides; the columns are again of local limestone wit…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The small ‘Temple of Venus’ (3rd century AD) has a circular cella surrounded by Corinthian columns and is entered through a tetrastyle porch of two rows of columns, approached up a flight of steps. Both the entablature around the back of the cella and the podium on which the columns stand are constructed in a series of concave curves, a baroque design unparalleled in surviving ancient monuments.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Between the propylaeum and the rectangular court is a hexagonal court, the plan is unparalleled for a courtyard and is another sign of the originality and sophistication of the temple complex.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was identified with worship of Baal, a Semitic sun-god (thus the name Heliopolis); most buildings were erected under reign of Roman Antoninus Pius 138-161. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus (begun c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The small ‘Temple of Venus’ (3rd century AD) has a circular cella surrounded by Corinthian columns and is entered through a tetrastyle porch of two rows of columns, approached up a flight of steps. Both the entablature around the back of the cella and the podium on which the columns stand are constructed in a series of concave curves, a baroque design unparalleled in surviving ancient monuments.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The courtyard was dominated an artificial ‘high place’ (h. 17 m), which was apparently the focal point of the sanctuary; the earlier sanctuaries on the site may well have consisted only of an altar and a court, without any temple.

    The Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus contains the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end. The buildings appear to have been planned and begun soon after the foundation of the Roman colony ca. 16 BCE. The oldest building in the complex is the Temple of…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although still roughly the size of the Parthenon. Like the Temple of Jupiter, it is in the Corinthian order, with 8 columns along the front and rear and 15 down the sides; the columns are again of local limestone wit…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01