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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The “Stone of the Pregnant Woman” (Arabic: Hadjar el Hibla‎) or Stone of the South is a Roman monolith. Together with another ancient stone block nearby, it is among the very largest monoliths ever quarried by men. The two building blocks were intended for the close-by Roman temple complex − possibly as an addition to the so-called trilith − whose monolithic gigantism remained unparalled in antiquity and beyond.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was i…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The temple complex consists of a monumental propylaeum, a hexagonal forecourt and a rectangular court containing a centrally placed tower altar and dominated by the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was identified with worship of Baal, a Semitic sun-god (thus the name Heliopolis); most buildings were erected under reign of Roman Antoninus Pius 138-161. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopol…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The original number of Jupiter columns was 54 columns. In the early 20th century an earthquake reduced the 9 remaining columns to six. The architrave and frieze blocks weigh up to 60 tons each, and one corner block over 100 tons, all of them raised to a height of ca. 19.9 m above the ground.

    The Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus contains the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end. The buildings appear to have been planned and begun soon after the foundation of the Roman colony ca. 16 BC…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The sloping terrain necessitated the creation of retaining walls on the north, south and west sides of the plaza. These walls are built of about 24 monoliths at their lowest level each weighing approximately 300 tons.

    The Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus contains the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end. The buildings appear to have been planned and begun soon after the foundation of the Roman colony ca. 16 BCE. The oldest building in the complex is the Temple of Jupiter, which was s…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The sloping terrain necessitated the creation of retaining walls on the north, south and west sides of the plaza. These walls are built of about 24 monoliths at their lowest level each weighing approximately 300 tons.

    The Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus contains the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end. The buildings appear to have been planned and begun soon after the foundation of the Roman colony ca. 16 BCE. The oldest building in the complex is the Temple of Jupiter, which was s…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Between the propylaeum and the rectangular court is a hexagonal court, the plan is unparalleled for a courtyard and is another sign of the originality and sophistication of the temple complex.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was identified with worship of Baal, a Semitic sun-god (thus the name Heliopolis); most buildings were erected under reign of Roman Antoninus Pius 138-161. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus (begun c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The courtyard was dominated an artificial ‘high place’ (h. 17 m), which was apparently the focal point of the sanctuary; the earlier sanctuaries on the site may well have consisted only of an altar and a court, without any temple.

    The Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus contains the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end. The buildings appear to have been planned and begun soon after the foundation of the Roman colony ca. 16 BCE. The oldest building in the complex is the Temple of…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The real interest of this temple lies in its interior where giant engaged columns running down the long north and south sides articulate an arcade below and niches crowned by triangular pediments above.

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although sti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Byblos (the ancient Greek name; modern name is Jubayl) is believed by many to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Under the name of Gibelet or Giblet, it was an important military base in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 11th and 12th century. The church of St. John was built in the Romanesque style, completed ca. 1215. Work on the church started during the crusades in 1116. It was considered a cathedral and was partially destroyed during an earthquake in 1176. It …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The real interest of this temple lies in its interior where giant engaged columns running down the long north and south sides articulate an arcade below and niches crowned by triangular pediments above.

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although sti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01