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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    View shows hanging lamps and chandeliers covered and a partial wall standing before the iconostasis; this has been removed.

    One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim veneration for Jesus’s birthplace probably explains why the church escaped destruction during the reign of Caliph al-Ḥāk…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim veneration for Jesus’s birthplace probably explains why the church escaped destruction during the reign of Caliph al-Ḥāk…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Wall consists of 45 stone courses, 28 of them above ground and 17 underground. The first seven visible layers are from the Herodian period. This section of wall is built from enormous meleke limestone stones.

    According to Jewish tradition and scripture, (2 Chronicles 3:1-2) the first temple was built by Solomon the son of David in 957 BCE and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The second was constructed under the auspices of Zerubbabel in 516 BCE. Around 19 BCE, Herod the Great fur…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Wall consists of 45 stone courses, 28 of them above ground and 17 underground. The first seven visible layers are from the Herodian period. This section of wall is built from enormous meleke limestone stones.

    According to Jewish tradition and scripture, (2 Chronicles 3:1-2) the first temple was built by Solomon the son of David in 957 BCE and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The second was constructed under the auspices of Zerubbabel in 516 BCE. Around 19 BCE, Herod the Great fur…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This does not seem to line up with current images of the church, which is quite plain.

    To accommodate the thousands of pilgrims who arrived annually in the Crusader period many new churches and buildings were built, including the church of St. Anne (1140; restored 19th century). It was erected over the traditional site of the birthplace of Anne (Hannah), the mother of Mary and completed in 1138 by Arda, widow of Baldwin I, the first titled king of Jerusalem. It stands near the beginning of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The ancient Samaria, founded in 887 BCE by King Omri of Israel. The holy city of Samaritans (known in the Bible as Shomeron); influenced by culture of Phoenicia; strengthened by Ahab, but idolatry and corruption led to overthrow by Shalmaneser V and Sargon II in 724-721 BCE. Destroyed by John Hyrcanus in 107 BCE; rebuilt as Sebaste (named in honor of the Emperor Augustus) by Herod the Great of Judaea, who built the Temple of Augustus, ca. 27 BCE, which partly overlays the former Israelite roy…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A Greek Orthodox monastery overlooking the Kidron Valley in the West Bank east of Bethlehem. The traditional date for the founding of the monastery by Saint Sabas [Sabbas] of Cappadocia is the year 483 and today houses around 20 monks. It is considered to be one of the oldest inhabited monasteries in the world. The monastery holds the relics of St. Sabbas the Sanctified. Mar Saba was also the home of St. John of Damascus (676-749), a key religious figure in the Iconoclastic Controversy. The m…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A Greek Orthodox monastery overlooking the Kidron Valley in the West Bank east of Bethlehem. The traditional date for the founding of the monastery by Saint Sabas [Sabbas] of Cappadocia is the year 483 and today houses around 20 monks. It is considered to be one of the oldest inhabited monasteries in the world. The monastery holds the relics of St. Sabbas the Sanctified. Mar Saba was also the home of St. John of Damascus (676-749), a key religious figure in the Iconoclastic Controversy. The m…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Church of the Transfiguration is a Franciscan church located on Mount Tabor in Israel. It is traditionally believed to be the site where the Transfiguration of Christ took place, an event in the Gospels in which Jesus is transfigured upon an unnamed mountain and speaks with Moses and Elijah. The current church, part of a Franciscan monastery complex, was completed in 1924. The architect was Antonio Barluzzi. It was built on the ruins of a Byzantine (4th-6th century) church and a 12th cent…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    An ancient monumental rock-cut tomb with a conical roof. Although traditionally ascribed to Absalom, the rebellious son of King David of Israel (circa 1000 BCE), recent scholarship has attributed it to the 1st century CE. The tomb’s exterior design features a Doric frieze and Ionic columns, both being styles originating in ancient Greece and introduced into Judah during the Seleucid Empire, centuries after the death of Absalom. Archeologically, the so-called “Tomb Of Absalom” is…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The major shrine for the fourth century martyr Saint George. The present Greek Orthodox church (1870) was built over the site of an early Christian church (destroyed) and incorporates a 15th century Byzantine basilica. It occupies the north end of the nave and left-hand aisle of the earlier church, from which there survive two apses that face north rather than east, as was customary. The Ottoman authorities stipulated in 1870 that part of the plot be made available for a mosque. Consequently …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01