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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 AD on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Widely recognized as one of the premier monuments of Ottoman architecture, the mosque was built above the Golden Horn on a hilltop site. In 1557 Sinan completed an immense külliye on 15 acres (over 7 ha, 250 x 350 m) of the grounds of the old palace in the centre of Istanbul for Süleyman (reigned 1520-1566). In addition to the congregational mosque and its two mausolea, the main buildings include four madrasas, a preparatory school, a medical college, a school for Hadith, a hospital, a carava…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shows added Islamic calligraphy from mosque period

    Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 AD on the orders of th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Previously in the 19th century, at Midas Sehri, (also known as Midas City, near the modern village of Yazilikaya) a “Tomb of Midas” was discovered. The name was given on the basis of the word “Mida”, identified in incompletely translated Phrygian inscriptions. That “tomb” is no longer believed to be a tomb, but rather a sacred site to Cybele. The relief is 17 meters high and dates from the 6th century BCE (two centuries after Midas). Cybele (Phrygian: Matar Kubil…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. Like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasah and a hospice. When Ahmed I (reigned 1603-1617) ascended the throne, no imperial mosque had been built in the city for 44 years. The Sultan selected Mehmed Aga as chief architect and picked a site of immense symbolic significance, in the heart of the city on a site containing the ruins of the Byzantine Great Palace…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 AD on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Ephesus [Ephesos] was one of 12 ancient Ionian cities, located in fertile plain near the mouth of the Cayster river; conquered by Persians; democracy granted by Alexander the Great; was center of cult of Diana; passed to Rome; an early Christian center, visited by St. Paul. Site of an important Classical city on the west coast of Turkey, about 2 km south-west of modern Selcuk. It has been occupied since perhaps as early as the 10th century BCE, and its Late Classical Temple of Artemis (Artemi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, “Place of Fortresses”), is the modern name for the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion, and is located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia). The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and equidistant from the Dardanelles. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob. The settlement began as an Early Bronze Age citadel in the …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Widely recognized as one of the premier monuments of Ottoman architecture, the mosque was built above the Golden Horn on a hilltop site. In 1557 Sinan completed an immense külliye on 15 acres (over 7 ha, 250 x 350 m) of the grounds of the old palace in the centre of Istanbul for Süleyman (reigned 1520-1566). In addition to the congregational mosque and its two mausolea, the main buildings include four madrasas, a preparatory school, a medical college, a school for Hadith, a hospital, a carava…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Widely recognized as one of the premier monuments of Ottoman architecture, the mosque was built above the Golden Horn on a hilltop site. In 1557 Sinan completed an immense külliye on 15 acres (over 7 ha, 250 x 350 m) of the grounds of the old palace in the centre of Istanbul for Süleyman (reigned 1520-1566). In addition to the congregational mosque and its two mausolea, the main buildings include four madrasas, a preparatory school, a medical college, a school for Hadith, a hospital, a carava…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Hierapolis was first excavated by the German archaeologist Carl Humann (1839-1896) during the months June to July 1887. Excavations began in earnest in 1957.

    Site in south-west Anatolia, Turkey. The town was built on a travertine terrace formed by sediments of hot mineral-rich springs; it was used as a thermal spa. The name Pamukkale means “cotton castle” after the white sediment. It was founded in the 2nd century BCE by the Pergamene kings at an important strategic position; it be…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shows the many ships in the Bosphorus Strait and the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn in the distance.

    The Bayezid II Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the Beyazıt Square area of Istanbul, Turkey, near the ruins of the Forum of Theodosius of ancient Constantinople, commissioned by Bayezid II (1447-1512). The surrounding külliye complex (madrasah, primary school, imaret (public kitchen) and hammam), date from 1501 to 1506. The dome was partially rebuilt after an earthquak…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01