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  • Author(s):
    Gergely Samu, Adam Balog, Filippo De Angelis, Daniele Meggiolaro, Prashant Kamat, Csaba Janáky
    Abstract:

    Abstract Halide ion mobility in metal halide perovskites remains an intriguing phenomenon, influencing their optical and photovoltaic properties. Selective injection of holes through electrochemical anodic bias has allowed us to probe the effect of hole trapping at iodide (0.9 V) and bromide (1.15 V) in mixed halide perovskite (CH3NH3PbBr1.5I1.5) films. Upon trapping holes at the iodide site, the iodide gradually gets expelled from the mixed halide film (as iodine and/or triiodide ion), leavi…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • 2

    Article

    Author(s):
    Haylie Lobeck, Jordan Isner, Peter Burns
    Abstract:

    The dissolution behavior of uranyl peroxide studtite, (UO2)(O2)(H2O)22, was examined under a wide range of alkaline aqueous environments with and without the addition of hydrogen peroxide. In the absence of added H2O2, studtite dissolved in aqueous solutions with a tetraethylammonium hydroxide to uranium molar ratio greater than 0.5, and the resulting species in solution characterized by Raman spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is the uranyl peroxide na…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    Ádám Balog, Gergely Samu, Prashant Kamat, Casba Janáky
    Abstract:

    Detailed mechanistic understanding of the optoelectronic features is a key factor in designing efficient and stable photoelectrodes. In situ spectroelectrochemical methods were employed to scrutinize the effect of trap states on the optical and electronic properties of CuI photoelectrodes and to assess their stability against (photo)electrochemical corrosion. The excitonic band in the absorption spectrum and the Raman spectral features were directly influenced by the applied bias potential. T…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
  • Author(s):
    Tor Elmelund, Rebecca Scheidt, Brian Seger, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    MAPbBr3 and MAPbI3 films cast onto glass slides and physically paired together undergo halide exchange to form mixed halide films. The change in halide composition in these two ∼130 nm thick films occurs concurrently with Br− diffusing toward the MAPbI3 film and I− diffusing toward the MAPbBr3 film. The diffusion of these halide species, which is tracked through changes in the absorption, offers a direct measurement of thermally activated halide diffusion in perovskite films. The increase in …

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    Hahkjoon Kim, Jungyun Lee, Prakash Kamat, Jin Ho Bang
    Abstract:

    Disclosed are then inorganic membranes having a defined topography that includes pores having a defined diameter of nanometer and sub-nanometer diameter. The thin membranes are resistant to protein denaturing agents, and may be employed in analytical and clinical methods for identifying single amino acid residues within the sequence of a protein and the pores are other than NspA pores. Methods for making a thin inorganic membrane with nanopore and sub-nanopore topography and conical cone stru…

    Date Published:
    2019-03
  • Author(s):
    Alexander Mukasyan, Sergey Roslyakov, Joshua Pauls, Leighton Gallington, Tatuama Pr;pva, Xinyu Liu, Margaret Dobrowolska, Jacek Furdyna, Khachatur Manukyan
    Abstract:

    A single-step method for the preparation of metastable ε-Fe3N nanoparticles by combustion of reactive gels containing iron nitrate (Fe(NO3)3) and hexamethylene-tetramine (C6H12N4) in an inert atmosphere is reported. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal analysis coupled with dynamic mass spectrometry revealed that the exothermic decomposition of a coordination complex formed between Fe(NO3)3 and HMTA is responsible for the formation of ε-Fe3N nanoscale part…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
  • Author(s):
    Randal Marks, Joseph Seaman, Patricia Perez-Calleja, Junyeol Kim, Robert Nerenberg
    Abstract:

    Heterogeneous hydrogenation catalysis is a promising approach for treating oxidized contaminants in drinking water, but scale-up has been limited by the challenge of immobilization of the catalyst while maintaining efficient mass transport and reaction kinetics. We describe a new process that addresses this issue: the catalytic hydrogel membrane (CHM) reactor. The CHM consists of a gas- permeable hollow-fiber membrane coated with an alginate- based hydrogel containing catalyst nanoparticles. …

  • Author(s):
    Rebecca Scheidt, Corey Atwell, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    The control of grain size and surface properties is an important parameter in controlling the optoelectronic and photovoltaic properties of metal halide perovskites. When CsPbBr 3 nanocrystal (∼10 nm in diameter) films were annealed at 100−125 °C, they grow in size to produce ∼400 nm diameter crystallites while transforming into bulk perovskite films. Characteristic changes in the optical properties were noted when such transformation occurred from nanocrystals into bulk. By tracking absorban…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    P. J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    P. J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    J. M. Pauls, N. F. Shkodich, A. S. Mukasyan
    Abstract:

    We report the results from the investigation of the mechanisms of self-sustained reaction in mechanically induced TiN/B nanocomposites. The exothermic displacement reaction, 3B + TiN → BN + TiB2, with an adiabatic reaction temperature of 1905 K, was initiated through two different means: localized thermal heating and mechanical stimulation by high-energy ball milling. Comprehensive studies strongly indicate that the chemical interaction in the system involves three main stages. Solid-state ma…

    Date Published:
    2019-04
  • Author(s):
    R. Scheidt, B. Seger, P. Kamat, Tor Elmelund
    Abstract:

    MAPbBr3 and MAPbI3 films cast onto glass slides and physically paired together undergo halide exchange to form mixed halide films. The change in halide composition in these two ∼130 nm thick films occurs concurrently with Br− diffusing toward the MAPbI3 film and I− diffusing toward the MAPbBr3 film. The diffusion of these halide species, which is tracked through changes in the absorption, offers a direct measurement of thermally activated halide diffusion in perovskite films. The increase in …

    Date Published:
    2019-07