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  • Author(s):
    Trung T. Nguyen, Jeffrey Jones, Walter Wolter, Rocio Perez, Valerie Schroeder, Matthew Champion, Dusan Hesek, Mijoon Lee, Mark Suckow, Shahriar Mobashery, Mayland Chang
    Abstract:

    Diabetic foot ulcers are characterized by hypoxia. For many patients, hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is the last recourse for saving the limb from amputation, for which the molecular basis is not understood. We previously identified the active form of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) as responsible for diabetic foot ulcer’s recalcitrance to healing. Transcription of mmp-9 to the inactive zymogen is upregulated during hypoxia. Activation of the zymogen is promoted by proteases and react…

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  • Author(s):
    Pius Adelani, Ginger E. Sigmon, Jennifer Szymanowski, Peter Burns
    Abstract:

    Two high nuclearity uranyl cages were crystallized in high yield under mild solvothermal conditions using rigid aryl phosphonate ligands. These compounds are prepared either through an in situ phosphonate ligand condensation reaction or via serendipitous assembly with a bulky phosphonate ligand. Firstly, the flexibility of the phosphonate ligands enhances the curvature of the uranyl polyhedra in the assembly of both compounds. Secondly, the formation of bent pyrophosphonate ligands through te…

    Date Published:
    2019-09
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    Public
  • Creator(s):
    sgesing
    Description:

    In the Summer/Fall of 2017, participants were invited to contribute answers for the PresQT research study, entitled “Data and Software Preservation Quality Tool Needs Assessment” related to the PresQT Project, University of Notre Dame Study # 17-04-3850 DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/D3JX7. Data Collection closed Sept 1, 2017 at 5 PM EDT.

    Participants’ answers to a series of questions related to their past practice, and anticipated future needs as researchers and/or software developers …

    Date Created:
    2020-01-27
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  • Creator(s):
    Jonathan Hauenstein
    Description:

    Many algorithms for determining properties of real algebraic or semi-algebraic sets rely upon the ability to compute smooth points. Existing methods to compute smooth points on semi-algebraic sets use symbolic quantifier elimination tools. In this paper, we present a simple algorithm based on computing the critical points of some well-chosen function that guarantees the computation of smooth points in each connected compact component of a real (semi)-algebraic set. Our technique is intuitive …

    Date Created:
    2020-01-18
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Patrick Barboun, Prateek Mehta, Francisco Herrera, David Go, William Schneider, Jason Hicks
    Abstract:

    Plasma-assisted catalysis is the process of electrically activating gases in the plasma-phase at low temperatures and ambient pressure to drive reactions on catalyst surfaces. Plasma-assisted catalytic processes combine conventional heterogeneous surface reactions, homogeneous plasma phase reactions, and coupling between plasma-generated species and the catalyst surface. Herein, we perform kinetically controlled ammonia synthesis measurements in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma-ass…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
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  • Author(s):
    A. M. Mintairov, D. V. Lebedev, N. Bert, K. G. Belyaev, V. N. Nevedomskiy, M. V. Rakhlin, A. A. Toropov, A. S. Vlasov, A. Gocalinska, G. Juska, E. Pelucchi, M. A. Arrendondo, A. B. Naden, A. V. Shelaev, V. A. Bykov
    Abstract:

    We used transmission electron microscopy, Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to identify the effect of CuPt-type GaP-InP atomic ordering (AO) on the structural and emission properties of self-organized (SO) InP/GaInP2 Wigner molecule (WM) quantum dot (QD) structures. We found that the correlation of AO and SO growth results in the formation of InP/GaInP2 QD/AO-domain (QD/AOD) core-shell composites. This observation shows that intrinsic WMs in this system emerge due to a strong piezoele…

    Date Published:
    2019-11
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  • Author(s):
    Junsang Cho, Jeffrey T. DuBose, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    Lead-free double perovskites such as Cs2AgBiBr6 are gaining attention because of their environmental friendliness compared to the lead halide perovskites. In order to establish their photoactivity, we have probed the excited-state behavior of Cs2AgBiBr6 nanocrystals and charge injection from their excited state into different metal oxides (TiO2, ZnO). The electron-transfer rate constants determined from ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy were in the range of 1.2−5.2 × 1010 s−1. Under…

    Date Published:
    2019-12
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Margo Waters, Veronica Kalwajtys, Katelyn Carothers, Ryan Roeder, Joshua Shrout, Shaun Lee, Prakash Nallathamby
    Abstract:

    The increasing frequency of nosocomial infections caused by antibiotic-resistant microorganisms concurrent with the stagnant discovery of new classes of antibiotics has made the development of new antibacterial agents a critical priority. Our approach is an antibiotic-free strategy drawing inspiration from bacteriophages to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria. We developed a nanoparticle-based antibacterial system that structurally mimics the protein-turret distribution on the head structure…

    Date Published:
    2019-10
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  • Author(s):
    Wenzheng Kuang, Nicholas Kempf, Mortaza Saeidi-Javash, David Singh, Yanliang Zhang
    Abstract:

    Solution-processable semiconducting 2D nanoplates and 1D nanorods are attractive building blocks for diverse technologies, including thermoelectrics, optoelectronics, and electronics. However, transforming colloidal nanoparticles into high-performance and flexible devices remains a challenge. For example, flexible films prepared by solution-processed semiconducting nanocrystals are typically plagued by poor thermoelectric and electrical transport properties. Here, a highly scalable 3D conform…

    Date Published:
    2019-10
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  • Author(s):
    Sachwa Chong, Sergei M. Aksenov, Frabrice Dal Bo, Samuel N. Perry, Foteini Dimakopoulou, Peter C. Burns
    Abstract:

    Uranyl vanadate compounds with divalent cations, M(UO2)(V2O7) (M = Ca, Sr) and Sr3(UO2)(V2O7)2, were synthesized by flux crystal growth, and their crystal structures were solved using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Ca(UO2)V2O7 and Sr(UO2)V2O7 were synthesized from reactants with molar ratios M:U:V of 1:1:2 and identical heating conditions, and increasing the M:U:V ratio to 3:1:4 resulted in Sr3(UO2)(V2O7)2. Crystallographic data for M(UO2)V2O7 compounds are: a = 7.1774(18) Å, b = 6.77…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
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  • Author(s):
    Karen Torosyan, Alexey Sedegov, Kirill Kuskov, Mohammad Abedi, Dmitry Arkhipov, Philipp Kiryukhamtsev-Korneer, Stepan Vorotilo, Dmitry Moskovskikh
    Abstract:

    The influence of different SPS-based methods, that is, conventional spark plasma sintering (SPS), flash SPS (FSPS), and reactive SPS (RSPS) on the properties of Al2O3/SiC composite was investigated. It was shown that the application of preliminary high energy ball milling of the powders significantly enhances the sinterability of the ceramics. It was also demonstrated that FSPS provides unique conditions for rapid, that is, less than a minute, consolidation of refractory ceramics. The Al2O3-2…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
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  • Author(s):
    Angela Meola, Nicole Hondroglannis, Pierce Brown, Maksym Zhukovskyi, Zheng Zheng, Zeev Rosenzweig, Mary Sajini Devadas
    Abstract:

    Icosahedron and [Au25(PPh)10(C6H14S)5Cl2]2+ bi-icosahedron clusters were synthesized. Ligand exchange reactions were carried out with a new coumarin-derived fluorophore (Cou-SH) to label both clusters. Labeled and unlabeled Au25 were compared and the changes in the electronic structure were determined. The labeled clusters showed marked changes in electronic states, as evidenced by the quenching in the UV region and enhancement in the near infrared. The quantum yield from Cou-SH decreased and…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
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