Search CurateND

Search criteria:

Clear all

List of files deposited in CurateND that match your search criteria

  • Author(s):
    Kevin Hans Waitkuweit, Lila Khatiwada
    Abstract:

    The COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped field-based research across disciplines and sectors of global development work. The flexibility of research methods allows for continued work, even in extemporaneous circumstances. Taking lessons from the Pulte Institute for Global Development’s work in Uganda during the pandemic–in which it balanced the use of telecommunications technology and global understandings of COVID-19 at the time to ensure safe data collection–informed policies on how best to condu…

    Date Created:
    2022-06-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Mercedes A. Bravo, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Background: Previous studies observed associations between prenatal exposure to fine particulate matter (≤ 2.5 μm; PM2.5) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and lower birthweight percentile for gestational age. Few, if any, studies examine prenatal air pollution exposure and these pregnancy outcomes in neonates born to the same women. Here, we assess whether prenatal exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth or birthwe…

    Date Published:
    2022-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Steven J. Krieg, Carolina Avendano, Evan Grantham-Brown, Aaron Lilienfeld Asbun, Jennifer J. Schnur, Marie Lynn Miranda, Nitesh V. Chawla
    Abstract:

    COVID-19 remains a global threat in the face of emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants and gaps in vaccine administration and availability, and organizations must be prepared to detect and mitigate its risk to their people and activities. In this report we share key lessons learned from an adaptive COVID-19 testing program implemented at a mid-sized university in the Midwest. The program utilized two simple, diverse, and easily interpretable machine learning models to quickly and accurately predict whi…

    Date Published:
    2022-02
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Samantha M. Hall, Sharon Zhang, Kate Hoffman, Marie Lynn Miranda, Heather M. Stapleton
    Abstract:

    Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants commonly detected in human serum. Previous studies have observed associations between maternal serum PFAS and adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes such as lower birth weight or pre-eclampsia; however, few studies have explored these associations with birth outcomes and placental tissue PFAS concentration. The placenta is a vital contributor to a healthy pregnancy and may be involved in the mechanism of PFAS r…

    Date Published:
    2022-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Mercedes A. Bravo, Joshua L. Warren, Man Chong Leong, Nicole C. Deziel, Rachel T. Kimbro, Michelle L. Bell, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    In the United States, concentrations of criteria air pollutants have declined in recent decades. Questions remain regarding whether improvements in air quality are equitably distributed across subpopulations. We assessed spatial variability and temporal trends in concentrations of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) across North Carolina from 2002–2016, and associations with community characteristics. Estimated daily PM2.5 and O3 concentrations at 20…

    Date Published:
    2022-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Viviana Geron, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    In-person instruction is more important than ever as our nation wrestles not only with a pandemic but also with myriad crises, write Viviana Geron, a student, and Marie Lynn Miranda, a provost.

    Date Published:
    2020-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Carolina Avendano, Aaron Lilienfeld, Liz Rulli, Melissa Stephens, Wendy Alvarez Barrios, Joseph Sarro, Michael E. Pfrender, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Importance: The COVID-19 pandemic led many higher education institutions to close campuses during the 2020-2021 academic year. As campuses prepared for a return to in-person education, many institutions were mandating vaccines for students and considering the same for faculty and staff.

    Objective: To determine the association between vaccination coverage and the levels and spread of SARS-CoV-2, even in the presence of highly-transmissible variants and congregate living, at a midsized unive…

    Date Published:
    2022-02
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Daniel Lapsley, Thomas Stapleford
    Abstract:

    The empirical study of dispositional humility as a facet of personality and of intellectual humility as an intellectual virtue has increased dramatically in just the last decade. This paper reviews the conceptualization of these constructs as well as the many assessment strategies designed to measure them. With particular focus on the practice of science and the collaborative work of labs, I conclude with the suggestion that the individualism of traditional virtue concepts elides the importan…

    Date Created:
    2022-06-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Marie Lynn Miranda, James N. Miller, Timothy L. Jacobs
    Abstract:

    Policymakers and the public often turn to scientific experts for help in making decisions about complex policy problems. Such decisions, however, may involve trade-offs among desired goals and so require considerable technical and political judgment. Typically there is no objectively “best” answer, although some answers may be better than others. We use a case study of a landfill siting process in Orange County, North Carolina, to analyze how quantitative scoring schemes may best be…

    Date Published:
    2000
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Marie Lynn Miranda, Brack W. Hale
    Abstract:

    Environmental taxes have attracted attention in recent years as a tool to internalize environmental externalities. This paper evaluates Sweden’s experience with environmental taxes in the energy sector by examining how environmental taxes compare with estimated environmental externalities associated with the use of oil, coal, natural gas, and forest residue fuels. We also analyze how environmental taxes influence fuel choices in the energy sector by comparing the production, environmental…

    Date Published:
    2002-11
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Christopher Leonetti, Craig M. Butt, Kate Hoffman, Stephanie C. Hammel, Marie Lynn Miranda, Heather M. Stapleton
    Abstract:

    Background: Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are endocrine disruptors that bioaccumulate in the placenta, but it remains unclear if they disrupt tissue thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism. Our primary goal was to investigate associations between placental BFRs, TH levels, Type 3 deiodinase (DIO3) activity and TH sulfotransferase (SULT) activities.

    Methods: Placenta samples collected from 95 women who delivered term (>37 weeks) infants in Durham, NC, USA (enrolled 2010–2011) were analyzed …

    Date Published:
    2016
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Andrew Romaine, Reese H. Clark, Briana R. Davis, Kaitlin Hendershot, Vance Kite, Madeleine Laughon, Isaac Updike, Marie Lynn Miranda, Paula P. Meier, Aloka L. Patel, P. Brian Smith, C. Michael Cotten, Daniel K. Benjamin, Rachel G. Greenberg
    Abstract:

    Objective: To identify factors associated with prolonged maternal breast milk (BM) provision in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.

    Study design: This was a cohort study of VLBW infants who initially received maternal BM and were born at one of 197 neonatal intensive careunits managed by the Pediatrix Medical Group from 2010 to 2012. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify demographic, clinical, and maternal factors associated with provision of maternal BM on day of life (…

    Date Published:
    2018-11
    Record Visibility:
    Public