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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The temple complex consists of a monumental propylaeum, a hexagonal forecourt and a rectangular court containing a centrally placed tower altar and dominated by the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end.

    Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was identified with worship of Baal, a Semitic sun-god (thus the name Heliopolis); most buildings were erected under reign of Roman Antoninus Pius 138-161. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopol…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Sewu is an 8th-century Buddhist temple located 800 meters north of Prambanan in Central Java. Candi Sewu is actually the second largest Buddhist Temple in Central Java after Borobudur. It is a complex of buildings consisting of a principal shrine and 250 subsidiary temples arranged in concentric squares around it. The shrine is probably the sanctuary referred to in the Kelurak inscription, which records the founding of a temple in 782. Another inscription, found inside the temple precinct, st…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The real interest of this temple lies in its interior where giant engaged columns running down the long north and south sides articulate an arcade below and niches crowned by triangular pediments above.

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although sti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although still roughly the size of the Parthenon. Like the Temple of Jupiter, it is in the Corinthian order, with 8 columns along the front and rear and 15 down the sides; the columns are again of local limestone wit…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 16 BCE Baalbek became a Roman colony with the name Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana. The ‘Temple of Bacchus’, largely built in the 2nd century AD, lies parallel to the Temple of Jupiter but is set in a separate courtyard. It is a smaller structure (66 x 35 m), although still roughly the size of the Parthenon. Like the Temple of Jupiter, it is in the Corinthian order, with 8 columns along the front and rear and 15 down the sides; the columns are again of local limestone wit…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The small ‘Temple of Venus’ (3rd century AD) has a circular cella surrounded by Corinthian columns and is entered through a tetrastyle porch of two rows of columns, approached up a flight of steps. Both the entablature around the back of the cella and the podium on which the columns stand are constructed in a series of concave curves, a baroque design unparalleled in surviving ancient monuments.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    On the rear outside wall of the temple directly behind the sanctuary, beneath the two lion-headed waterspouts which drained rainwater from the roof are scenes showing the massive figure of Cleopatra VII and her son by Julius Caesar, Caesarion, who became the great queen’s co-regent as Ptolemy XV. At the center of the wall is the large False Door with a gigantic emblem of Hathor, diminished over the centuries by pilgrims who scraped at it to obtain a little of the sacred stone at the point…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A colonnaded street led to the gate with two Roman Nymphaea at the end, immediately in from of the gate.

    Dendara is an Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile about 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its chief artistic monuments are successive temples of the goddess Hathor from the 6th Dynasty (ca. 2325-ca. 2150 BCE) to the 2nd century CE. The Greco-Roman Temple of Hathor is the grandest and most richly decorated of its period. The ear…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Four men standing in front of gate give comparative scale.

    Dendara is an Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile about 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its chief artistic monuments are successive temples of the goddess Hathor from the 6th Dynasty (ca. 2325-ca. 2150 BCE) to the 2nd century CE. The Greco-Roman Temple of Hathor is the grandest and most richly decorated of its period. The earliest dated inscriptions refer to Ptolemy XII …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Dendara is an Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile about 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its chief artistic monuments are successive temples of the goddess Hathor from the 6th Dynasty (ca. 2325-ca. 2150 BCE) to the 2nd century CE. The Greco-Roman Temple of Hathor is the grandest and most richly decorated of its period. The earliest dated inscriptions refer to Ptolemy XII (reigned 80-58 BCE; 55-51 BCE); its outer hypostyle hall was…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Abydos (Araba al-Madfuna) was the necropolis of This, the seat of the first two Egyptian dynasties. As the country’s most ancient capital, it remained significant throughout Egyptian history, becoming the principal cult centre of Osiris, a funerary deity who embodied the tradition of kingship. It was visited by pilgrims until Roman times (30 BCE-395 CE). The temple complex of Seti I [Sethos I, died 1279 BCE] was built on entirely new ground half a mile to the south. The underground cenota…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The inner parts of the temple are divided by three columned halls that give on to a number of chambers and suites, including treasuries, cult rooms and chapels of divinities, particularly of the sun-god Re, of Osiris, King of the netherworld, and the King, worshipped in this temple as an aspect of Amun.

    Site of ruins dating from the Early New Kingdom (ca. 1500 BCE) through the Coptic Period (700-800 CE), including the Temple of Amun. Located at the southern end of the Theban necropolis, on t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public