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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Until the 15th-century Valois rulers reconsolidated the power of the central monarchy, and the relaxation of the defensive character of the French fort proceeded at an irregular pace to the Flamboyant-style château, with its large windows, elegant tracery, open and elaborate staircases, high and diversified roof line and varied masses of corps de logis and pavilions reflecting the old enceinte of walls punctuated with bastions. Château d'Ussé is an outstanding example. In the seventeenth …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The garden pavilion belongs to Louis XII’s building campaign, possibly designed by Colin Biart. Anne of Brittany was consort to both Charles VIII and Louis XII.

    In its present form it consists mainly of buildings undertaken in the 16th century by Louis XII and Francis I and in the 17th century by Gaston d'Orléans (1608-1660), brother of Louis XIII. The twin-aisled, arcaded Great Hall (or Salle des Etats-Généraux) built by Theobald VI (reigned 1205-1218) survives from the Gothic phase…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The gardens were remade by André Le Nôtre from 1669 to 1673, and include a 2.4 kilometre long stone terrace which provides a view over the valley of the Seine and, in the distance, Paris.

    The first castle, named the Grand Châtelet, was built on the site by Louis VI ca 1124. The castle was expanded by Louis IX of France in the 1230s. Louis IX’s chapelle Saint Louis (Sainte-Chapelle) at the castle is a major work of the Rayonnant phase of French Gothic architecture. It served as a prototyp…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    French château about 6 km north-east of Melun, in the département of Seine-et-Marne. It was built in 1656-1661 for Nicolas Fouquet, Louis XIV’s Surintendant des Finances, by Louis Le Vau with the assistance of Charles Le Brun. The gardens were laid out by André Le Nôtre under Le Vau’s guidance. The forerunner of Versailles, it is the most important château built in France in the mid-17th century; it was here that Le Vau, Le Brun and Le Nôtre learnt to work as a team and to produce the…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally built by Christophe Perrot in 1622. It was formerly the residence of Joséphine de Beauharnais, (later the Empress) and with the Tuileries, was from 1800 to 1802 the headquarters of the French government. It is the most complete expression of the Consulate style, and owed more perhaps to the taste of Empress Josephine than to Napoleon. Fontaine and Percier were received at Malmaison on 31 December 1799 and presented to First Consul Bonaparte by the painter Jacques-Louis David. They …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Imaged from a lantern slide used for teaching. Water cascades at the head of a vista and allee were common in French and Italian gardens of the period.

    Between 1522 and 1567 Anne de Montmorency enclosed the park, made a walled kitchen garden (potager) and created the great terrace below the chateau’s east front. Of these, only the terrace survives. When employed by the Grand Conde, to redesign the gardens at Chantilly (1663-1688), André Le Nôtre seized upon this feature as the fulcrum of…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Exterior has Renaissance features (originally built 1622).

    Originally built by Christophe Perrot in 1622. It was formerly the residence of Joséphine de Beauharnais, (later the Empress) and with the Tuileries, was from 1800 to 1802 the headquarters of the French government. It is the most complete expression of the Consulate style, and owed more perhaps to the taste of Empress Josephine than to Napoleon. Fontaine and Percier were received at Malmaison on 31 December 1799 and presented to Firs…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The present building was begun (1751) for Louis XV, King of France, by Anges-Jacques Gabriel. It was finished (1786) for Louis XVI by Le Dreux de la Châtre (b 1721) to Gabriel’s plans. The plan is trapezoidal, with the garden front placed at an oblique angle to the cour d'honneur, a complexity necessitated by the awkwardness of the site. There was no damage to the building during the French Revolution although the contents were sold (1795), and after a period as a military academy, th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Escalier de Fer-a-Cheval staircase is visible at center with parterre gardens in front.

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie François I, was to be constructed linking this with the Trinitarian abbey to the west, which was soon demolished and replaced by the Cour du Cheval Blanc. The…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The earliest known surviving castle is in the Loire Valley in northern France at Doué-la-Fontaine (Maine-et-Loire), dated to ca. 950, while the second oldest occurs near by at Langeais at the close of the same century. Both appeared at precisely the time and place where feudal society itself originated. Langeais is attributed to Fulk Nerra (the Black), Count of Anjou (reigned 987-1040), ‘a pioneer in the art of feudal government’ (R. Southern) and a mighty builder of castles, who used…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The earliest known surviving castle is in the Loire Valley in northern France at Doué-la-Fontaine (Maine-et-Loire), dated to ca. 950, while the second oldest occurs near by at Langeais at the close of the same century. Both appeared at precisely the time and place where feudal society itself originated. Langeais is attributed to Fulk Nerra (the Black), Count of Anjou (reigned 987-1040), ‘a pioneer in the art of feudal government’ (R. Southern) and a mighty builder of castles, who used…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In the grounds Napoleon commissioned (1810) Maximilien-Joseph Hurtault (1765-1824) to remodel the gardens south of the Aile Louis XV into a Jardin Anglais. The statue is a bronze copy of the Borghese Gladiator.

    Henry IV made considerable alterations and additions to Fontainebleau. He enclosed a new courtyard (begun 1599) to the north of the Galerie François I and Cour de l'Ovale around the Jardin de la Reine (now the Jardin de Diane). The Jardin de Diane is now named after the Fountain o…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public