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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made this a favoured royal residence as well as a fortress. It is the largest inhabited castle in the world and the oldest in continuous occupation. In 1992 a fire damaged approximately one-fifth of the ca…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Saint-Maurice Castle is a castle in the municipality of Saint-Maurice of the Canton of Valais, an area once controlled by the Duchy of Savoy. In 1476, following the Swiss Confederation, Bern began construction of the castle in the narrow Rhone valley at Saint-Maurice. It was completed in 1646 with the expansion of the residential buildings. However, in 1693 a devastating fire in the town, destroyed the warehouse of the castle and much of the gunpowder that was stored there. The narrow canyon …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Parco del Valentino is a popular public park of Turin, located along the banks of the Po River. On the occasion of the Italian General Exposition (Esposizione Nazionale) of 1884, a so-called medieval village (borgo medievale) was built, which was a reconstruction in the architectural styles of the Piedmont and Val d'Aosta of the Middle Ages, complete with a castle. The site is still an open-air museum with historical reenactments of feudal village life and crafts of the fifteenth cent…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The remains of a castle in the commune of Beaucaire. The existing structures date primarily from the 12th and 16th centuries. First built in the 11th century; it was a possession of the Counts of Toulouse from 1125. It was torn down in 1632 on Cardinal Richelieu’s orders. It used to be protected by a wall, the trace of which can still be followed. It includes a strange polygonal tower perched on a rocky spur, the façades dominating the sheer drop, and a fine round corner tower. Once insid…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    First built on a promontory overlooking the Loire River to control a strategic ford in the eleventh century.

    Built in the eleventh century on a promontory overlooking the Loire River to control a strategic ford that was replaced in the Middle Ages by a bridge. Expanded and improved over time, on 4 September 1434 it was seized by Charles VII of France. Once in royal hands, the château became a favourite of French kings; Charles VIII decided to rebuild it extensively, beginning in 1492 at firs…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Château Gaillard is a ruined medieval castle, overlooking the River Seine, in the Eure département of historical Normandy. Construction began in 1196 under the auspices of Richard the Lionheart, who was simultaneously King of England and feudal Duke of Normandy. Château Gaillard has a complex and advanced design, and uses early principles of concentric fortification; it was also one of the earliest European castles to use machicolations. The castle consists of three enclosures separated by dr…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The gallery on the bridge spanning the Cher at the château (1576), was part of Bullant’s scheme to add to the château’s sense of scale by creating dramatic axial approaches.

    Built by Thomas Bohier 1515-1522. In 1560 Catherine de’ Medici, Queen of France, compelled her husband’s mistress Diane de Poitiers to surrender the Château of Chenonceau (Indre-et-Loire) to her. The gallery on the bridge spanning the Cher at the château (1576-1577), was part of Bullant’s scheme to ad…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Of the medieval building, only the keep on the right bank of the Cher, the ‘Tour des Marques’, survives, with 16th-century alterations.

    Built by Thomas Bohier 1515-1522. In 1560 Catherine de’ Medici, Queen of France, compelled her husband’s mistress Diane de Poitiers to surrender the Château of Chenonceau (Indre-et-Loire) to her. The gallery on the bridge spanning the Cher at the château (1576-1577), was part of Bullant’s scheme to add to the château’s sense of scale …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The construction of the current castle of Tarascon was started in 1401 by Louis II of Anjou, after the previous castle was destroyed. The construction was continued by his first son, Louis III of Anjou, and was completed in 1449 by his second son, René I of Naples. Thus, the castle is often referred to as le château du roi René (“King René’s castle”). It was turned into a military prison in the 17th century, until its acquisition by the state in 1932. It stands on the banks of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Medieval castle first built in the 11th century and rebuilt at various times since. It has been designated as a monument historique since 1928. Guéthénoc, Vicomte of Porhoët, Rohan and Guéméné, began to build the first castle on the site around the year 1008, choosing a rocky promontory overlooking the valley of the Oust river. Henry II of England and his son destroyed this castle in 1168 and 1175. It was rebuilt and later enlarged in 1370 by Olivier de Clisson; this fortress had 8 towers and…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Of the medieval building, only the keep on the right bank of the Cher, the ‘Tour des Marques’, survives, with 16th-century alterations.

    Built by Thomas Bohier 1515-1522. In 1560 Catherine de’ Medici, Queen of France, compelled her husband’s mistress Diane de Poitiers to surrender the Château of Chenonceau (Indre-et-Loire) to her. The gallery on the bridge spanning the Cher at the château (1576-1577), was part of Bullant’s scheme to add to the château’s sense of scale …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The main entry portal is to the right; the visible tower is the left side of the portal.

    The Château de Chaumont was built by Eudes II, Count of Blois, in the 10th century with the purpose of serving as a fortress to protect the Blois from attacks. The castle was burned to the ground in 1465 in accordance with Louis XI’s orders and was later rebuilt by Charles I d'Amboise from 1465-1475 and then finished by his son, Charles II d'Amboise de Chaumont from 1498-1510. Château Chaumon…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public