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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1118 Saragossa was conquered by Alfonso I of Aragon (reigned 1104-1134) and repopulated with Béarnais immigrants, while the Muslims were relocated in an extramural suburb. The old cathedral, La Seo (Aragonese for “the See”), was at one point a mosque. Reconstructed from 1119, most of the surviving fabric (restored) is 14th and 15th century. Pere Johan (died 1458) was brought from Barcelona to make the predella of the main altar in 1444, and Gabriel Joly worked on the retable (152…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A chapel dedicated to Mary had existed since the early Christian era. By the time of the Aragonese conquest the shrine of the Virgin of the Pillar was an important magnet for pilgrims Indulgences for the embellishment of the shrine were sold as far afield as Germany and Greece in 1297, and most Aragonese monarchs until Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) made bequests. Damián Forment made the main retable (from 1509). The particular devotion of Charles II (reigned 1665-1700) to Nuestra Señora del …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The sculpture was moved from the west façade and reset above a flattened arch by Juan Guas, who came from Toledo in 1459, early in his career, to execute a new west portal, of which the huge wild men now flanking the doorway formed part. The façade was redesigned by Ceferino Enríquez de la Serna (1779-1786).

    Building began with the five ambulatory chapels enclosed by the semicircular wall that formed part of the city ramparts. The design draws on Burgundian sources, but it also shows a wider…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Torrazzo of Cremona is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Cremona. At 112.7 metres (343 ft 6 in), it is the third tallest brickwork bell tower in the world, completed in 1309. It has an astronomical clock.

    Dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta (Our Lady of the Assumption). The cathedral was begun in 1107 with a plan typical of the Romanesque architecture of the Po valley and consecrated in 1190. It was radically altered in the later 12th century and the 14th to the Lombard Gothic style, with …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Side of cathedral with south porch to the left, apse and dome in center, and towers visible to the right. This external wall is largely 12th century except for the dome (18th century) and porch (added 1453).

    Palermo Cathedral fuses the Latin basilican plan with the centralized Byzantine one. The four corner towers were completed in the 14th century, and the portal of the west façade is dated 1352-1353. In 1426 Antonio Gambara constructed the south portal, with wooden doors (1432) carved by F…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1472 a portico, by Ambrogio da Como, was added between the two towers of the facade. Each tower is surmounted by small spire added in the 15th century, one square, one octagonal.

    The church, dedicated to the Saviour and SS Peter and Paul, was founded by Roger II in 1129 in fulfilment of a vow. An inscription once set in the wall behind the main altar recorded that the church was completed between 1131 and 1148. The building was consecrated on 10 April 1267. The discrepancies in height bet…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    It was formerly the seat of the Bishop of Saint-Pol-de-Léon, a bishopric established in the 6th century and abolished under the Concordat of 1801, when its territory was transferred to the Diocese of Quimper. Since 1901, the cathedral is also “Basilique Mineure de l'Annonciation.” It is dedicated to its 6th century founder, the first bishop, Saint Paul Aurelian. The present building however, although on the same site, was built in the 13th century (with later additions). The cat…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The West end choir, with its apsidal semi-cylinder expressed on the exterior façade, was completed in 1196.

    The cathedral founded in the early 4th century was a double cathedral, consisting of adjacent basilicas that underlie the present cathedral (north) and the 13th-century Liebfrauenkirche (south). In its present form the cathedral of St. Peter started to take shape from 1037 and continued through the 13th century. Work began on a Baroque renovation of the cathedral interior; in 1702 a sh…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The upper stages were not completed until 1884, in a Gothic Revival style. The lower portions of the bell-tower, to the west of the octagon, belong to the Carolingian period.

    [Aachen is Aix-la-Chapelle in French.] Aachen Cathedral, frequently referred to as the “Imperial Cathedral” (Kaiserdom), was known as the “Royal Church of St. Mary at Aachen” during the Middle Ages. For 600 years, from 936 to 1531, the Aachen chapel (Palantine Chapel) was the church of coronation for…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The largest church in Benelux and an important example of Brabantine Gothic architecture. Antwerp Cathedral also shelters four magnificent Rubens altarpieces. It has a three-bay choir with an ambulatory and five radiating chapels, a narrow transept of shallow projection and a nave with double aisles and side chapels, which is seven bays long including the façade block. There are a central lantern tower and two west towers. The church’s one finished (north)spire is 123 metres (404 ft) high…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01