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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The church sits on the site of an older cathedral, completed in 1260. In 1596 Cádiz was destroyed by the 2nd Earl of Essex, leading to its almost total rebuilding on a grid plan that has been partly maintained; the first major work was to rebuild the cathedral (the Catedral Vieja, dedicated to La Santa Cruz), which was completed in 1602. During the period of prosperity that followed, a new cathedral (the Catedral Nueva) was begun in the High Baroque style in 1722 by Vicente Acero (died 1738) …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The present structure, dedicated to St. Peter, is a transitional Romanesque-Gothic work, begun in the 1160s and finished ca. 1232. It is small (l. ca. 70 m) and built to a basilical plan. The two transept towers represent the survival of a Carolingian tradition of building that was common in the Middle and Upper Rhine regions. The general plan was influenced by Cistercian churches, with two rectangular chapels at the east end of each transept. The cathedral retains its carved capitals, which …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The cathedral of St. Maurice is a fine representative of the regional style known as Angevin Gothic. Its characteristic single-nave construction gives it a smoothly unified exterior broken only by the two west towers. This powerful spatial unity is also evident in the clarity of the cruciform plan, with a nave of three square bays, a single bay on each arm of the transept, and a square choir bay leading to a semicircular apse. The design, however, falls into two principal phases. The nave, wh…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The present building comprises an aisled nave of 11 bays, with a series of aisle chapels, and an apsidal choir with an ambulatory and three spaced radiating chapels. The substantial transept arms are aisled on both sides, with large eastern chapels, and developed portals flanked by towers. A massive lantern tower lights the crossing. The two western towers, the Tour St. Romain (1160-1170) to the north and the Tour de Beurre to the south, flank the façade, rising beyond rather than above the w…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    t is the seat of the Bishop of Évreux. Begun after fire destroyed its predecessor in 1119, it was not completed until the 17th century, and its appearance reflects several phases of the Gothic style, with richly decorated Flamboyant traceried windows and a late 16th-century west façade. The cathedral has an aisled nave with a two-tower façade and transepts leading to a chevet with ambulatory and chapels. It was restored in 1896; severely damaged in 1940 and was subsequently restored again. It…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The early 12th-century church of St. Front, Périgueux is a close copy either of San Marco in Venice or its model the Holy Apostles (destroyed) in Constantinople. Such a connection can only mean that the patrons were embarking on a bid to have Saint Front, a shadowy figure who converted the region in antiquity, raised to a status equivalent to that of the Apostles themselves. This bid was probably inspired because the church was one of the pilgrimage sites on the route to the Cathedral of Sant…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Dedicated to Notre-Dame, Chartres Cathedral acquired strong associations with the cult of the Virgin. Most of the 12th- and 13th-century sculpture and stained glass survive, to make the cathedral one of the most ‘complete’ medieval buildings in existence. The present cathedral was built after a fire in 1194; of the earlier church only the 11th-century crypt and the 12th-century western block survive. The cathedral, built of limestone, is about 34 m high and 130 m long internally. It h…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Dedicated to Saint Tudwal (died ca. 564), first Bishop of Tréguier. Former cathedral, it was the seat of the Bishopric of Tréguier, abolished under the Concordat of 1801, when its territories were divided between the Diocese of Quimper and the Diocese of Saint-Brieuc, known since 1852 as Saint-Brieuc-Tréguier. The building is mostly Gothic, 14th and 15th centuries with one remaining north tower (called Hasting Tower) from an earlier Romanesque church, ca. 1090-1110. It is unusual that all thr…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Constructed in the region’s local [southern] Gothic style, the fortified cathedral of Ste Cécile ranks as one of the most accomplished and imposing monuments erected in southern France during the later Middle Ages. Building began shortly after 1277. Albi Cathedral shares with other Gothic churches in the region such typical southern traits as a nave without aisles, no transepts, lateral chapels and narrow windows, but its full range of tall chapels around the periphery is unique; their he…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The early 12th-century church of St. Front, Périgueux is a close copy either of San Marco in Venice or its model the Holy Apostles (destroyed) in Constantinople. Such a connection can only mean that the patrons were embarking on a bid to have Saint Front, a shadowy figure who converted the region in antiquity, raised to a status equivalent to that of the Apostles themselves. This bid was probably inspired because the church was one of the pilgrimage sites on the route to the Cathedral of Sant…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the largest early Gothic buildings. It is likely that building began ca. 1140 (Henriet). The south chapel was in use by 1151 and Pope Alexander II (reigned 1061-1073) dedicated the altar of SS Peter and Paul on 19 April 1164, which indicates that the liturgical choir was roofed and vaulted. The building was nearing completion in 1168. Most of the west façade must post-date the fire in the city of 1184. The chapel of St Michel in the north-west tower was dedicated in 1210, that in the s…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Dedicated to Saint Andrew, seat of the Archbishop of Bordeaux-Bazas. The cathedral was consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096. Of the original Romanesque edifice, only a wall in the nave remains. The single-aisled nave (width 17.40 m) was rebuilt in the mid-12th century. The Royal Portal, opening into the north side of the sixth bay, is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th-15th centuries. The Royal Portal comprises one of the most important ens…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01