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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Giangaleazzo Visconti (reigned 1378-1402) fortified the Rocca di Porta Giovia (1358-1368), thus founding the Castello di Porta Giovia (later Castello Sforzesco), which he made his official seat. Under Francesco Sforza I, in 1455, the cylindrical towers of the Castello Sforzesco were begun. The main square entrance tower is called Torre del Filarete after the architect. This was rebuilt (restored) between 1900 and 1905 as a monument to King Umberto I. The castle has gone through a series of da…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The structure was built in the 12th century by William I, the son of Roger II of Sicily, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Naples. With the succession of the Angevins in 1266, Naples was the capital of a great kingdom, and there are records of a further increase in the population: in 1278 there were nearly 30,000 inhabitants. Under Charles I (reigned 1266-1285) Castel Capuano was restored, and the southern stretch of city walls was enlarged. All of the city’s various legal offices and d…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie François I, was to be constructed linking this with the Trinitarian abbey to the west, which was soon demolished and replaced by the Cour du Cheval Blanc. The north range of the Cour du Cheval Blanc survives almost unaltered and is of plastered rubble…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In antiquity, the site of Saint-Béat was known as “Passus Lupi” (passage of wolves), because of the narrowing of the French part of the Aran Valley. This strategic location, nicknamed the “key of France”, made it a former stronghold commanding the valley of the Garonne. The remains of a small castle of the twelfth century and the castle chapel (unnamed) stand above the town. The town is noted for its quarries of white marble and limestone.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded by Theobald I, Count of Blois; in the 11th century the castle became the property of the counts of Anjou. King Henry II of England, a member of the house of Anjou, took the castle from his brother Geoffrey in 1156 after he rebelled a second time and it proved to be a favored residence. Most of the standing structure (encompassing a site over 500 metres long and 75m wide) can be attributed to his reign and in 1189 he died at Château de Chinon. Used by Charles VII in the 15th century; i…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Louis XIII’s major work at Fontainebleau was the addition of the magnificent horseshoe-shaped (Escalier de Fer-a-Cheval) staircase (1632-1634) in the Cour du Cheval Blanc, designed by Jean Androuet Du Cerceau.

    In April 1528 Francis I commissioned Gilles Le Breton for a programme of building (completed 1540) at Fontainebleau. The Cour de l'Ovale was to be rebuilt using the old foundations and retaining the old keep, while a gallery, now the Galerie François I, was to be constructed li…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public