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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There are over 100 public fountains in the city of Bern of which eleven are crowned with Renaissance allegorical statues. The statues were created during the period of civic improvement that occurred as Bern became a major city-state during the 16th century. Hans Gieng (first mentioned 1525-died 1562) was a Swiss Renaissance sculptor best known for his public fountain figures in the Old Town of Bern as well as Fribourg. Gieng, who was probably of Swabian origin, is recorded to have become a c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Fritschi Fountain was built in 1918 on Kapellplatz. Though actually less than 100 years old, the fountain stands in the tradition of much older Renaissance style fountains with painted allegoric figures on top. The figure on top of the Fritschi Fountain is not Fritschi himself, but a standard bearer. The 4 column masks on the column represent Fritschi, his wife, a nursemaid and a servant. There are 4 fools spewing water from goat horns near the base. The story of the legendary Brother Fri…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. They were made of limestone, but, due to shifting traffic patterns, most have been repositioned and replaced by copies. This fountain is in the original position and has a composite capital with the heads of Herod, Herodias, Salome, and St. John the Baptist, topped with a full figure of St. John the Baptis…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Current views show the base has been redone and vegetation removed.

    The St. George Fountain was erected in front of Fribourg’s Town Hall (Rathaus or Hôtel de Ville) between 1522 and 1524. It replaced a fountain that had probably supplied water for the Zaehringen Castle, which would explain the choice of the fountain’s figure. The fountain as it stands today has a column surmounted by a sculpture (1524-1525) representing St. George on horseback killing the dragon, the only stone sculp…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. This one is in the original location. A sculpted gnome holds tanner’s tools, a reference to the guild in the neighborhood. The top sculpture represents Christ and the Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well, a circular well above which there is a semicircular arch richly decorated with representations of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This 1380 late-Gothic fountain is one of the best known in Basel and is all that remains of the medieval fish market (Fishmarkt). The water in the basin was used to ensure that the produce was always fresh. The 11 metre central column (a copy) is richly carved and painted and the three main figures are the Virgin Mary with child and scepter, St. Peter with a key and St. John with chalice and book. There are also many angels, some with musical instruments and others with the Basel coat of arms…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Statue of the Moorish king, Kaspar (shown as a Black man in the traditional iconography of the three kings of the Nativity of Jesus). It is brightly painted. The column dates from 1520, and the decagonale (ten-sided) trough was probably created by Augustin Henkel. It is part of a Late Gothic or early Renaissance tradition in Swiss city fountains, most executed between 1535-1560. The most significant sculptors in this genre were Hans Geiler (fl 1513-1534), Hans Gieng (fl 1525-1562) and Laurent…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The central facade is the propylaeum from Roman times, which had been repurposed in the Christian church, and finally in the mosque.

    The Great Mosque of Damascus constructed by the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I (reigned 705-715), is a seminal monument of Islamic architecture. The site chosen was the holiest in the city, having successively held temples to the Syrian storm-god Hadad and Jupiter Damascenus and the church of John the Baptist (the mosque still contains a shrine to John the Baptist)….

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Great Mosque of Damascus constructed by the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I (reigned 705-715), is a seminal monument of Islamic architecture. The site chosen was the holiest in the city, having successively held temples to the Syrian storm-god Hadad and Jupiter Damascenus and the church of John the Baptist (the mosque still contains a shrine to John the Baptist). The prayer hall used the existing propylaeum and is laid out internally on an east-west axis like a Christian basilica.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Description:

    Lantern slides created in Italy during the late 19th or early 20th century. Image subjects include arenas, basilicas, cathedrals, chapels, churches, fountains, gardens, loggias, public buildings, ruins, sculpture, tombs. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Some images include people and fashions of the time.

  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Corinth was well known for its fountains, many of which were restored in the Roman period. The main Greek fountain in town was the Lower Peirene. The Upper Peirene was housed within an underground chamber atop Acrocorinth. In general Corinthian spring-houses were designed to gather ground-water into basins after the water had been drawn from the surrounding terrain [slope] by means of manmade tunnels. In most cases the fountain-houses had behind them one or more large storage reservoirs.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Fontana del Nettuno (Fountain of Neptune) is a monumental fountain located in the Piazza del Popolo in Rome. It was constructed in 1822-1823 at the terminus of a newly-built aqueduct, the Acqua Vergine Nuovo. The fountain sculptures in the Piazza del Popolo were the work of Giovanni Ceccarini, with matching compositions of a central figure flanked by two attendant figures. These stand on each side of the Piazza to the east and west, flanked by neoclassical statues of The Seasons (1828). T…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01