Architectural Lantern Slides of India (includes present-day Pakistan)

Collection Details Full Record
Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created under the British colonial occupation of the Indian subcontinent, the British Raj, in the late 19th and early 20th century. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Image subjects include gardens, mosques, palaces, pagodas, temples, and tombs. Some images include people and fashions of the time. The collection includes images from present-day India and Pakistan.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Palaces

Historical gardens

Architecture

Temples

Spatial Coverage

Delhi

Lahore

Thanjavur

Pushkar

Kolkata

Vārānasi

Agra

Fatehpur Sikri

Gwalior

Hyderābād

Chennai

Srirangam

Āmer

Udaipur

India

Ahmadabad

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Sufi holy man Shaykh Salim Chisti (1479-1572) established his hermitage on the ridge at Sikri in 1537; Akbar consulted with him. His tomb is part of the Jami‛ Masjid mosque complex built by Akbar. The tomb bears a date of 1581-1582, but its present white marble exterior was probably commissioned ca. 1605 by Jahangir (reigned 1605-1627). The tomb is square in plan with a porch at the front reminiscent of the porches of Hindu temples. The central chamber is enclosed by a screened verandah, serv…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The first monumental mausoleum of the Mughal dynasty; Humayun died in 1556. The patron was Humayun’s son Akbar. The tomb is situated in the centre of a series of four-plot gardens (Ind.-Pers. char-bagh), with shallow water channels, pools and paved pathways laid out symmetrically on all sides, the first use in a mausoleum setting. The tomb is constructed of red sandstone and faced with coloured slate. The lavish use of white marble to outline panels and arches was an important precedent f…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    With the disintegration of the Mughal empire in the 18th century, Lahore and its hinterland suffered frequent conquests. Although some noteworthy construction continued, the overall result was decline until the Sikh leader Ranjit Singh (died 1839) gained control of the Punjab in 1818. He commissioned buildings in a uniquely Sikh style, featuring foliated domes and decorative plasterwork. The Sikhs continued the tradition of garden construction in Lahore, and added new building types such as t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01