Notre Dame Patents

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Description

This collection brings together all of the patents assigned to the University of Notre Dame from 1952 to the present, plus other selected patents prior to 1952. Each record includes a full-text searchable and accessible PDF document for the corresponding invention. The record also includes the present-day academic department with which the inventor was or would have been associated.

Why patents? According to the University’s IDEA Center, “Part of the University’s public service mission is to ensure that the results of its research are made available for public use and benefit. This is accomplished in many ways: through educating students, publishing results of research, and ensuring that inventions are developed into useful products and services for the benefit of the public.”

“Today, our research universities play an even more vital role in creating a better future—not only by educating close to 600,000 graduate students in science and engineering every year, but also, and critically, by performing more than 15% of U.S. R&D in 2011—and according to 2012 NSF data, accounted for the majority (53%) of national basic research. This research, some basic, some applied or ‘translational’ creates new technologies, new products and services, medicines, diagnostics — the list is long and impressive — but also, this research gives rise to entire new industries.” (David Winwood, “The Importance of Patents and Academic Technology Transfer,” March 26, 2015)

The collection also includes the most famous patent associated with Notre Dame, U.S. patent 1,811,959 from 1931, “Vinyl derivatives of acetylene and method of preparing the same” — in other words, synthetic rubber. Invented by Rev. Fr. Julius Nieuwland, CSC, and assigned to DuPont, this patent did, in fact, give rise to entire new industries. More about this invention may be found at the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

These patents are one more example of the University fulfilling Rev. Fr. Sorin’s vision of becoming a “powerful force for good.”

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  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4118377 B2
    Description:

    Processes for increasing the molecular weight of bis-maleimides are provided. The bis-maleimides are reacted with certain cyclic dienes to form reversible adducts. These adducts, upon elimination of the cyclic diene, yield an extension of the bis-maleimides to higher molecular weight polymers, ultimately to thermally stable, infusible polymers. The process can be interrupted to yield tractable polymers which are also convertible to cross-linked, infusible products. Modifications of the proces…

    Date Issued:
    1978-10-03
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4058505 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with amine end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting them with aromatic di- or tri- anhydrides. The reaction can either be at a temperature above the melting point of the reactants or in solvents for the reactants. The polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to chain-extending.

    Date Issued:
    1977-11-15
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4026871 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with phenolic end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by reacting them with formaldehyde, compounds capable of generating formaldehyde under the reaction conditions or hexamethylene tetramine in the presence of a catalytic amount of lime. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to the chain-extending. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for chain-extending are formed by the reaction of aromatic dianhydrides, aromatic diamines and phenolic compoun…

    Date Issued:
    1977-05-31
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4026904 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic epoxy-terminated aromatic polyimides and processes for their preparation are provided. The epoxidized polyimides are prepared by epoxidizing an olefinically unsaturated aromatic imide of the formula: ##STR1## WHEREIN Ar is a divalent aromatic organic radical, Ar’ is a tetravalent aromatic organic radical, the four carbonyl groups being attached directly to separate carbon atoms and each pair of carbonyl groups being attached to adjacent carbon atoms in the Ar’ radical, R’…

    Date Issued:
    1977-05-31
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3890274 B2
    Description:

    Phthalonitrile-terminated aromatic polyimides and polyimide-phthalocyanines are provided. The phthalonitrile-terminated polyimides are prepared by reacting an anhydride end-capped, aromatic polyimide with at least two moles of a dicyano aromatic monoamine to give a polyimide of the structural formula: ##SPC1## Wherein Ar is a divalent aromatic organic radical, Ar’ is a tetravalent aromatic organic radical, the four carbonyl groups being attached directly to separate carbon atoms and each …

    Date Issued:
    1975-06-17
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3562231 B2
    Description:

    The process disclosed herein is the bromination of polymers of propargyl methacrylate and the brominated products produced thereby. Propargyl methacrylate has a terminal acetylenic group which upon bromination gives anethylenic dibromo derivative which is hydrolytically stable. In comparison the derivative obtained upon dibromination of a polymer of allyl methacrylate gives dibromopropyl methacrylate repeating units whereas the dibromonation of propargyl methacrylate gives dibromoallyl methac…

    Date Issued:
    1971-02-09
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3890272 B2
    Description:

    Processes for preparing polyimides from bis-maleimides are provided. In these processes, a bis-maleimide is polymerized in the presence of a catalytic amount (usually about 0.01 to 5% by weight of the bis-maleimide) of an alkali metal salt of a Bronsted acid. Preferably, the polymerization is also conducted in the presence of a small amount (usually 0.01 to 5% by weight of the bis-maleimide) of an activator for the catalyst. The activator is an aprotic organic compound having a dielectric con…

    Date Issued:
    1975-06-17
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3886119 B2
    Description:

    Epoxidized aromatic polyimides and processes for their preparation are provided. The epoxidized polyimides are prepared by reacting a diamine of the formula ##SPC1## Wherein Ar is a divalent aromatic organic radical, Ar’ is a tetravalent aromatic organic radical and n is a positive integer of at least 1, With 1 to 4 moles of an epoxy compound (such as epichlorohydrin) of the formula ##SPC2## Wherein X is halogen and R’ is hydrogen or a hydrocarbon radical of 1 to 6 atoms. The reaction…

    Date Issued:
    1975-05-27
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3562230 B2
    Description:

    The process disclosed herein involves the bromination of copolymers of non-terminal acetylenic methacrylates and the brominated products produced thereby. Acetylenic methacrylate polymers upon dibromination of the acetylene group give ethylenic dibromo derivatives which are hydrolytically stable. In comparison the derivative obtained upon dibromination of a polymer of allyl methacrylate has dibromopropyl methacrylate repeating units which are susceptible to hydrolysis of the bromine. Thus whe…

    Date Issued:
    1971-02-09
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 3639348 B2
    Description:

    The copolymers disclosed herein are of propargyl acrylate and methacrylate. Polymerization of propargyl acrylate and methacrylate in free radical systems generally results in crosslinked or gelled products since the free radicals will activate polymerization through the acetylenic as well as through the acrylic unsaturation. Therefore the copolymers are advantageously prepared byanionic polymerization. The comonomers are those which are copolymerizable with acrylates and methacrylates inanion…

    Date Issued:
    1972-02-01
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4075171 B2
    Description:

    A process for preparing substantially completely cyclized aromatic polyimides, either monomeric, oligomeric or polymeric, is provided. The process involved the reaction of a mixture of at least one tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride, at least one aromatic diamine and an .alpha.,.beta.-carboxylic acid monoanhydride in at least one aromatic phenol, preferably cresols, in the presence of an organic azeotroping agent such as a cyclic hydrocarbon, preferably benzene, until substantially all of the w…

    Date Issued:
    1978-02-21
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Gaetano Francis D'Alelio
    Patent Number:
    US 4060515 B2
    Description:

    Aromatic polyimides with nitrile end groups are chain-extended (molecular weight increased) by polymerization using Lewis acid salts as catalyst. Molecular weights are increased with little or no by-product formation. These polyimides can be shaped and formed prior to the polymerization. The aromatic polyimides appropriate for chain-extending are formed by the reaction of aromatic dianhydrides, aromatic diamines and nitrile compounds such as aminobenzyl cyanide and aminobenzonitrile.

    Date Issued:
    1977-11-29
    Resource Type
    Patent