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  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, John J. Shea
    Abstract:

    Despite a body of literature focusing on the functionality of modern and stylistically distinct projectile points, comparatively little attention has been paid to quantifying the functionality of the early stages of projectile use. Previous work identified a simple ballistics measure, the Tip Cross-Sectional Area, as a way of determining if a given class of stone points could have served as effective projectile armatures. Here we use this in combination with an alternate measure, the Tip Cros…

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, John J. Shea
    Abstract:

    This paper proposes that complex projectile weaponry was a key strategic innovation driving Late Pleistocene human dispersal into western Eurasia after 50 Ka. It argues that complex projectile weapons of the kind used by ethnographic hunter-gatherers, such as the bow and arrow, and spearthrower and dart, enabled Homo sapiens to overcome obstacles that constrained previous human dispersal from Africa to temperate western Eurasia. In the East Mediterranean Levant, the only permanent land bridge…

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, John J. Shea
    Abstract:

    The “Origin of Modern Humans”, the “Great Leap Forward”, the “Human Revolution" –are but a few of the terms used to describe the Upper Paleolithic Period in Europe (45,000-11,000 BP). There, and in and contiguous parts of western Asia, the Upper Paleolithic Period preserves the first consistent evidence for several distinctively human behaviors (i.e., behaviors that appear to have evolved uniquely among Homo sapiens). These behaviors include systematic production of personal ornaments,…