Notre Dame Patents

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Description

This collection brings together all of the patents assigned to the University of Notre Dame from 1952 to the present, plus other selected patents prior to 1952. Each record includes a full-text searchable and accessible PDF document for the corresponding invention. The record also includes the present-day academic department with which the inventor was or would have been associated.

Why patents? According to the University’s IDEA Center, “Part of the University’s public service mission is to ensure that the results of its research are made available for public use and benefit. This is accomplished in many ways: through educating students, publishing results of research, and ensuring that inventions are developed into useful products and services for the benefit of the public.”

“Today, our research universities play an even more vital role in creating a better future—not only by educating close to 600,000 graduate students in science and engineering every year, but also, and critically, by performing more than 15% of U.S. R&D in 2011—and according to 2012 NSF data, accounted for the majority (53%) of national basic research. This research, some basic, some applied or ‘translational’ creates new technologies, new products and services, medicines, diagnostics — the list is long and impressive — but also, this research gives rise to entire new industries.” (David Winwood, “The Importance of Patents and Academic Technology Transfer,” March 26, 2015)

The collection also includes the most famous patent associated with Notre Dame, U.S. patent 1,811,959 from 1931, “Vinyl derivatives of acetylene and method of preparing the same” — in other words, synthetic rubber. Invented by Rev. Fr. Julius Nieuwland, CSC, and assigned to DuPont, this patent did, in fact, give rise to entire new industries. More about this invention may be found at the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

These patents are one more example of the University fulfilling Rev. Fr. Sorin’s vision of becoming a “powerful force for good.”

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  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Slawomir T. Fryska, Mark L. La Forest, Roger L. Klinedinst, Alexander Mukasyan
    Patent Number:
    US 7922845 B2
    Description:

    An apparatus for bonding a first carbon composite to a second carbon composite through a reactant layer includes a housing, and a pair of conductive press plates electrically isolated from the housing. The press plates are adapted to position the two parts to be bonded with a reactant layer therebetween. The press plates are subjected to an electrical potential and a clamping force, sufficient to initiate a combustion reaction that creates a molten ceramic to bond together the carbon-carbon c…

    Date Issued:
    2011-04-12
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Mark L. La Forest, Alexander Mukasyan
    Patent Number:
    US 8178212 B2
    Description:

    Method for chemical bonding of fiberglass fibers to steel surfaces to prepare the steel for bonding with carbon composite material. This fiber-bonding step greatly increases the strength of the subsequent metal-composite bond. The fiberglass fibers which are chemically bonded to the steel provide a high surface area interface to entangle with carbon fibers in the composite component, and thereby inhibit crack formation on the boundary surface between the steel and composite components when th…

    Date Issued:
    2012-05-15
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Mark L. La Forest, Alexander Mukasyan
    Patent Number:
    US 8574470 B2
    Description:

    Method of joining a carbon-carbon composite piece 30 together with a metal insert 20, e.g. in the manufacture of aircraft brake discs 10. The method includes the steps of: providing a carbon-carbon composite piece 30 and a metal insert 20, wherein the metal insert 20 has a surface that is complementary to a surface of said carbon-carbon composite piece 30; providing a layer of a mixture of titanium powder and carbon powder on the first complementary mating surface; arranging the powder layer …

    Date Issued:
    2013-11-05
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Mark L. La Forest, Alexander Mukasyan, Douglas J. Steinke
    Patent Number:
    US 7588179 B2
    Description:

    Resin-impregnated carbon fiber composites containing metal inserts. Carbon fibers or a carbon fiber preform are bonded to a metal structural member. Once the carbon fiber-metal bond is established, the fiber-metal assembly or hybrid preform is impregnated with resin, to form an article in which bonding between the metal structural member and the composite remainder of the article is greatly enhanced. In a process embodiment, a metal insert, e.g. a steel insert, is provided in contact with par…

    Date Issued:
    2009-09-15
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Mark L. La Forest, Allen H. Simpson, Slawomir T. Fryska, Alexander Mukasyan
    Patent Number:
    US 8383197 B2
    Description:

    A metal powder is applied to the surface of the area of a carbon-carbon composite brake disc to be protected against migration of antioxidant. The metal powder may be titanium powder or tungsten powder. A chemical reaction between the metal powder and carbon is then initiated by heating the powder-coated brake to the ignition temperature via application of electric current (Joule preheating) or by heating it in a furnace. Upon combustion, the metal particles react with carbon in the composite…

    Date Issued:
    2013-02-26
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Slawomir T. Fryska, Mark L. La Forest, Roger L. Klinedinst, Alexander Mukasyan, Charles D. D'Amico
    Patent Number:
    US 8448685 B2
    Description:

    An apparatus for bonding a first carbon composite to a second carbon composite through a reactant layer includes a housing, and a pair of conductive press plates electrically isolated from the housing. The press plates are adapted to position the two parts to be bonded with a reactant layer therebetween. The press plates are subjected to an electrical potential and a clamping force, sufficient to initiate a combustion reaction that creates a molten ceramic to bond together the carbon-carbon c…

    Date Issued:
    2013-05-28
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Slawomir T. Fryska, Mark L. La Forest, Alexander Mukasyan
    Patent Number:
    US 7858187 B2
    Description:

    Method of joining carbon-carbon composite pieces together, e.g. in the refurbishment of aircraft brake discs. The method includes the steps of: providing a first carbon-carbon composite piece and a second carbon-carbon composite piece, wherein the second carbon-carbon composite piece has a surface that is complementary to a surface of said first carbon-carbon composite piece; providing a layer of a mixture of titanium powder and carbon powder on the first complementary mating surface; arrangi…

    Date Issued:
    2010-12-28
    Resource Type
    Patent
  • Inventor(s):
    Allen H. Simpson, Gregory Vanderheyden, Alexander Mukasyan, Mark L. La Forest
    Patent Number:
    US 10100889 B2
    Description:

    A brake disc rotor or stator is manufactured with slots in the interior face of the disc. A paste comprised of a fine powder of a carbide-forming metal along with fine carbon powder, suspended in an organic binder, is applied to the force-bearing areas in the rotor slot faces or the stator slot faces. The disc is then placed into a furnace in a nitrogen atmosphere and heated to the ignition temperature. When the furnace reaches the ignition temperature, a combustion reaction begins that creat…

    Date Issued:
    2018-10-16
    Resource Type
    Patent