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  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, Danielle Wood
    Abstract:

    Community-Based Research is a collaborative approach to research where academic researchers, community members, and organizations are involved in the development, implementation and dissemination of research. Such projects are often designed to promote positive change in particular areas of the community. Here we report on a two-year old community-based research project through the University of Notre Dame’s Center for Digital Scholarship and Center for Social Concerns. Working with the…

  • 2

    Article

    Author(s):
    Romain Mensan, Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    À la fin de la campagne 2006 nous avons atteint le niveau archéologique de base sur les bandes G-H-I/12-13 du secteur sud de l’abri Castanet. Nous avons pu mettre en évidence des variations latérales de faciès du niveau, dû à la topographie du substrat de l’abri, aux activités anthropiques et également à des phénomènes post-dépositionnels. À la fin de la campagne 2006 la zone fouillée se présente comme suit (rapport Castanet 2006) : Une structure principale (114 : structure de combustion ?, I…

  • 3

    Article

    Author(s):
    Romain Mensan, Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    Dans le cadre de notre intervention dans l’abri Castanet, nous nous sommes intéressés aux campagnes de fouilles effectuées de 1994 à 1998. Les premières opérations ont été faites dans la zone de l’abri anciennement fouillée par M. Castanet et D. Peyrony, située au Nord de la zone actuellement fouillée.

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    Human settlement is guided by a suite of economic and social decisions. Hunter-gatherer populations are not restricted by extensive ownership and often focus settlement on important resources. Analysis of settlement patterns left by these groups reveals key information about subsistence and sociality. Patterning among modern groups is extremely varied and represents a dynamic and adaptable land-use strategy. The antiquity of this adaptability is unknown, but comparisons with the patterns left…

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, John J. Shea
    Abstract:

    This paper proposes that complex projectile weaponry was a key strategic innovation driving Late Pleistocene human dispersal into western Eurasia after 50 Ka. It argues that complex projectile weapons of the kind used by ethnographic hunter-gatherers, such as the bow and arrow, and spearthrower and dart, enabled Homo sapiens to overcome obstacles that constrained previous human dispersal from Africa to temperate western Eurasia. In the East Mediterranean Levant, the only permanent land bridge…

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, John J. Shea
    Abstract:

    Despite a body of literature focusing on the functionality of modern and stylistically distinct projectile points, comparatively little attention has been paid to quantifying the functionality of the early stages of projectile use. Previous work identified a simple ballistics measure, the Tip Cross-Sectional Area, as a way of determining if a given class of stone points could have served as effective projectile armatures. Here we use this in combination with an alternate measure, the Tip Cros…

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk, John J. Shea
    Abstract:

    The “Origin of Modern Humans”, the “Great Leap Forward”, the “Human Revolution" –are but a few of the terms used to describe the Upper Paleolithic Period in Europe (45,000-11,000 BP). There, and in and contiguous parts of western Asia, the Upper Paleolithic Period preserves the first consistent evidence for several distinctively human behaviors (i.e., behaviors that appear to have evolved uniquely among Homo sapiens). These behaviors include systematic production of personal ornaments,…

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    Report section on topographic and modelization work done at the sites of Abri Castanet and Abri Blanchard in Dordogne, France

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    Report on analysis of stratigraphic units at the site of Abri Castanet

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    Report on archaelogical work in the area surrounding the site of Abri Castanet

  • Author(s):
    Matthew Sisk
    Abstract:

    The use of Gigapan imagery in an archaeological context allows for quick, very high resolution recording of excavation surfaces, artifacts and surrounding areas. At the Paleolithic site of Abri Castanet (France), we have, since 2008, used a Gigapan imager mounted horizontally to record lateral variation across our active excavation surface. Using GIS software and topographic data from our onsite Total Station, we can then minimize distortion, plot the image relative to artifact and feature lo…