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  • Author(s):
    Tuphan Devkota, Gregory Hartland
    Abstract:

    Propagating surface plasmon polaritons (PSPPs) are electron motions at the surfaces of conductors that have a definite momentum. For metal nanostructures on a glass substrate, two types of PSPP modes exist: bound modes where the field is localized at the metal−glass interface and leaky modes at the metal−air interface. In this paper, the leaky PSPP modes of Ag and Au nanostripes created by photolithography were examined by a combination of real space and Fourier space (back focal plane) imagi…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Robert Hughes, Sergei Rouvimov, Robert Neal, Trevor B. Demille, Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    The seed-mediated growth of noble metal nanostructures with planar geometries requires the use of seeds lined with parallel stacking faults so as to provide a break in symmetry in an otherwise isotropic metal. Although such seeds are now routinely synthesized using colloidal pathways, equivalent pathways have not yet been reported for the fabrication of substrate-based seeds with the same internal defect structures. The challenge is not merely to form seeds with planar defects but to do so in…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    Substrate-supported plasmonic nanostructures are distinct from their colloidal counterparts, in that they are surrounded by an asymmetric dielectric environment composed of the substrate material and the surrounding ambient. Such environments inevitably lead to plasmonic resonances and near-fields that differ from those of solution-dispersed structures. The most straightforward method for fabricating substrate-based plasmonic nanostructures is through the solid-state dewetting of ultrathin fi…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    Substrate-supported plasmonic nanostructures are distinct from their colloidal counterparts, in that they are surrounded by an asymmetric dielectric environment composed of the substrate material and the surrounding ambient. Such environments inevitably lead to plasmonic resonances and near-fields that differ from those of solution-dispersed structures. The most straightforward method for fabricating substrate-based plasmonic nanostructures is through the solid-state dewetting of ultrathin fi…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    L. Merrill, H. Ford, L. Schaefer
    Abstract:

    The development of polymer electrolytes for magnesium batteries has been hindered by difficulties related to achieving sufficient magnesium ion conduction and magnesium electrodeposition. The high charge density of the magnesium cation causes it to interact with both the polar polymer matrix and any counteranions, challenging ion transport. Solvents and salts that are known to be incompatible with the magnesium electrode have widely been used in prior reports to increase ionic conductivity. H…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Bumjun Park, Hunter Ford, Laura Merrill, Jiacheng Liu, Loyal P. Murphy
    Abstract:

    Solid-state magnesium-ion conductors are desired for next-generation battery applications. Here we investigate magnesium conducting polymer electrolytes produced through dual cation exchange of a poly(ionic liquid) by mixing 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium poly4-styrenesulfonyl(trifluoro- methanesulfonyl)imide with the magnesiated analogue Mg(PSTFSI)2. An ionic conductivity of 8.6 × 10−5 S cm−1 at 80 °C was achieved for the poly(ionic liquid), and conductivity did not significantly…

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  • Author(s):
    Hunter Ford, Laura Merrill, Jennifer Schaefer
    Abstract:

    Abstract: Rechargeable magnesium sulfur (Mg/S) batteries suffer from fast capacity fading due to difficulty of reoxidation of MgS and the polysulfide shuttle. Other works have reported that use of Cu current collectors or CuS at the cathode improves cycleability. Here we investigate Cu nanoparticles grown on carbon nanofibers (Cu@CNF) as an additive for the Mg/S battery cathode to test the effects of Cu metal on capacity and rate performance at controlled Cu loading. The Mg/S battery with Cu …

    Date Published:
    2019-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Seog Joon Yoon, Rizwan Khan, Junkhyun Lee, Jin Ho Bang
    Abstract:

    ABSTRACT: Despite the successful launch of Au nanoclusters (NCs) in light energy conversion applications, the utilization of Ag NCs has been limited by their instability under continuous illumination. The main cause of photoinduced degradation pathways remains elusive. Hence, understanding the underlying mechanism behind the low stability is an urgent task to provide a new impetus for the development of Ag NCs. The slow regeneration of Ag NCs by a redox couple leads to holes in the NCs, which…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Gergely Samu, Adam Balog, Filippo De Angelis, Daniele Meggiolaro, Prashant Kamat, Csaba Janáky
    Abstract:

    Abstract Halide ion mobility in metal halide perovskites remains an intriguing phenomenon, influencing their optical and photovoltaic properties. Selective injection of holes through electrochemical anodic bias has allowed us to probe the effect of hole trapping at iodide (0.9 V) and bromide (1.15 V) in mixed halide perovskite (CH3NH3PbBr1.5I1.5) films. Upon trapping holes at the iodide site, the iodide gradually gets expelled from the mixed halide film (as iodine and/or triiodide ion), leavi…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Haylie Lobeck, Jordan Isner, Peter Burns
    Abstract:

    The dissolution behavior of uranyl peroxide studtite, (UO2)(O2)(H2O)22, was examined under a wide range of alkaline aqueous environments with and without the addition of hydrogen peroxide. In the absence of added H2O2, studtite dissolved in aqueous solutions with a tetraethylammonium hydroxide to uranium molar ratio greater than 0.5, and the resulting species in solution characterized by Raman spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is the uranyl peroxide na…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Ádám Balog, Gergely Samu, Prashant Kamat, Casba Janáky
    Abstract:

    Detailed mechanistic understanding of the optoelectronic features is a key factor in designing efficient and stable photoelectrodes. In situ spectroelectrochemical methods were employed to scrutinize the effect of trap states on the optical and electronic properties of CuI photoelectrodes and to assess their stability against (photo)electrochemical corrosion. The excitonic band in the absorption spectrum and the Raman spectral features were directly influenced by the applied bias potential. T…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Tor Elmelund, Rebecca Scheidt, Brian Seger, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    MAPbBr3 and MAPbI3 films cast onto glass slides and physically paired together undergo halide exchange to form mixed halide films. The change in halide composition in these two ∼130 nm thick films occurs concurrently with Br− diffusing toward the MAPbI3 film and I− diffusing toward the MAPbBr3 film. The diffusion of these halide species, which is tracked through changes in the absorption, offers a direct measurement of thermally activated halide diffusion in perovskite films. The increase in …

    Date Published:
    2019-06
    Record Visibility:
    Public