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  • Author(s):
    Christopher Smyth, Lee Walsh, Pavel Bolshakov, Massimo Catalano, Michael Schmidt, Brendan Sheehan, Rafik Addou, Luhua Wang, Jiyoung Kim, Moon Kim, Christopher Hinkle, Robert Wallace
    Abstract:

    Sc has been employed as an electron contact to a number of two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. MoS2, black phosphorous) and has enabled, at times, the lowest electron contact resistance. However, the extremely reactive nature of Sc leads to stringent processing requirements and metastable device performance with no true understanding of how to achieve consistent, high-performance Sc contacts. In this work, WSe2 transistors with impressive subthreshold slope (109 mV dec−1) and I ON/I OFF (106…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
  • Author(s):
    Christopher Smyth, Lee Walsh, Pavel Bolshakov, Massimo Catalano, Michael Schmidt, Brendan Sheehan, Rafik Addou, Luhua Wang, Jiyoung Kim, Moon Kim, Christopher Hinkle, Robert Wallace
    Abstract:

    Sc has been employed as an electron contact to a number of two-dimensional (2D) materials (e.g. MoS2, black phosphorous) and has enabled, at times, the lowest electron contact resistance. However, the extremely reactive nature of Sc leads to stringent processing requirements and metastable device performance with no true understanding of how to achieve consistent, high-performance Sc contacts. In this work, WSe2 transistors with impressive subthreshold slope (109 mV dec−1) and I ON/I OFF (106…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
  • Author(s):
    Shanmugam Panneer Selvam, Ryan De Palma, Kristen Johnson, Rasesh Parikh, Vamsi Gangaraju, Yuri Peterson, Mohammed Dany, Robert V. Stahelin, Christina Voelkel-Johnson, Zdzislaw Szuic, Erhard Bieberich, Besi Ogetmen
    Abstract:

    Formation of membrane pores/channels regulates various cellular processes, such as necroptosis or stem cell niche signaling. However, the roles of membrane lipids in the formation of pores and their biological functions are largely unknown. Here, using the cellular stress model evoked by the sphingolipid analog drug FTY720, we show that formation of ceramide-enriched membrane pores, referred to here as ceramidosomes, is initiated by a receptor-interacting Ser/Thr kinase 1 (RIPK1)-ceramide com…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
  • Author(s):
    Michael A. VendenBerg, Edgar Ruiz Bello, Calvin Nazareth, Matthew J. Webber
    Abstract:

    The self-assembly of oppositely charged oligopeptide mixtures is evaluated, observing self-sorting into distinct, yet still interacting, nanostructures.Significant efforts in the field of supramolecular materials have strived to co-assemble small molecules in order to realize individual nanostructures with multiple, tunable activities. The design of self-assembling motifs bearing opposite charges is one commonly used method, with favorable electrostatic interactions used to promote mixing in …

    Date Published:
    2019-08
  • Author(s):
    Min Wang, Zulei Zhang, Lei Li, X. Cao
    Abstract:

    The nanocomposite preparation procedure plays an important role in achieving a well-established heterostructured junction, and hence, an optimized photocatalytic activity. In this study, a series of g-C3N4/ZnO nanocomposites were prepared through two distinct procedures of a low-cost, environmentally-friendly, in-situ fabrication process, with urea and zinc acetate being the only precursor materials. The physicochemical properties of synthesized g-C3N4/ZnO composites were mainly characterized…

    Date Published:
    2019-02
  • Author(s):
    Man Yang, Wei Lu, Renxi Jin, Xian-Chun Liu, Shuyan Song, Yan Xing
    Abstract:

    In this work, ZIF-67 is self-grown on the NiCo layered double hydroxide (NiCo-LDH) nanosheets-modified Ni foam (NF) surface. Its derivative, the hierarchically structured Co3O4/NiCo2O4/Ni foam (CO/NCO/NF) composite, is successfully fabricated by the oxidation of ZIF-67/NiCo-LDH/ NF, which exhibits excellent electrocatalytic performance. When assessed as an electrode for oxygen evolution reaction (OER), the CO/NCO/NF electrode shows low overpotentials of 320 and 407 mV at 10 and 50 mA cm−2, re…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    Paolo Paletti, Ruoyu Yue, Christopher Hinkle, Susan Fullerton-Shirey, Alan Seabaugh
    Abstract:

    Two-dimensional van der Waals materials offer unique advantages for the development of band-to-band tunneling devices given their lack of dangling bonds, atomically flat thickness and steep band edges. Here, we present the experimental demonstration of an electric double layer (EDL) Esaki junction in synthetic WSe2 thin films. A Si-compatible process is developed for the fabrication of nanoscale FETs utilizing molecular beam epitaxy of WSe2 performed directly on top of a high-κ dielectric at ba…

    Date Published:
    2019-04
  • Author(s):
    Alexander Mukasyan, Sergey Roslyakov, Joshua Pauls, Leighton Gallington, Tatuama Pr;pva, Xinyu Liu, Margaret Dobrowolska, Jacek Furdyna, Khachatur Manukyan
    Abstract:

    A single-step method for the preparation of metastable ε-Fe3N nanoparticles by combustion of reactive gels containing iron nitrate (Fe(NO3)3) and hexamethylene-tetramine (C6H12N4) in an inert atmosphere is reported. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal analysis coupled with dynamic mass spectrometry revealed that the exothermic decomposition of a coordination complex formed between Fe(NO3)3 and HMTA is responsible for the formation of ε-Fe3N nanoscale part…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
  • Author(s):
    E. I. Moiseev, F. I. Zubov, A. M. Mozharov, M. V. Maximov, N. A. Kalyuzhnyy, S. A. Mitairov, M. M. Kulagina, S. A. Blokhin, K. E. Kudyavtsev, A. N. Yablonskiy, S. V. Morozov, Y. Bernikov, S. Rouvimov, A. E. Khukov, N. V. Kryzhanovskaya
    Abstract:

    GaAs-based microdisk lasers with an active region representing a dense array of indium-rich islands (InGaAs quantum well-dots) were studied using direct small-signal modulation. We demonstrate that using dense arrays of InGaAs quantum well-dots enables uncooled high-frequency applications with a GHz-range bandwidth for microdisk lasers. A maximum 3 dB modulation frequency of 5.9 GHz was found in the microdisk with a radius of 13.5 μm operating without a heatsink for cooling. A modulation curr…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    Y. Pang, Y. Yang, T. Curtis, S. Luo, D. Huang, Z. Feng, J. O. Morales-Ferreiro, P. Sapkota, F. Lei, J. Zhang, Q. Zhang, E. Lee, Y. Huang, R. Guo, S. Ptsinska, R. Roeder, T. Luo
    Abstract:

    © 2019 American Chemical Society. Polymers with superior mechanical properties are desirable in many applications. In this work, polyethylene (PE) films reinforced with exfoliated thermally reduced graphene oxide (TrGO) fabricated using a roll-to-roll hot-drawing process are shown to have outstanding mechanical properties. The specific ultimate tensile strength and Young’s modulus of PE/TrGO films increased monotonically with the drawing ratio and TrGO filler fraction, reaching up to 3.2 …

  • Author(s):
    K. Manukyan, C. Fesano, A. Majumdar, G. Peaslee, M. Raddell
    Abstract:

    This work presents results of macro, micro, and nanoscale surface characterization for a set of Roman denarii, ranging from 136 BCE to 240 CE, using large-scale X-ray fluorescence (XRF) mapping, particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) spectroscopy, focused-ion-beam-assisted scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The combination of XRF and PIXE, with varying beam energies, allowed for visualization and quantification of individual elements as a functio…

  • Author(s):
    P. J. McGinn
    Abstract:

    High-throughput combinatorial investigations are transforming materials discovery, phase diagram development, and processing optimization. Thin-film deposition techniques are frequently used to fabricate sample libraries employed in these studies. Various adaptations of well-known thin-film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) techniques utilized for the synthesis of inorganic combinatorial thin-film materials libraries are reviewed, with novel processing approa…

    Date Published:
    2019-06