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  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten, Richard Marcantonio
    Abstract:

    Post-war Sierra Leone has experienced a population explosion that has raised questions among rural farmers about the relationship between family size and poverty. Agricultural decline and the high cost of schooling are not prompting parents to articulate a desire for smaller families; rather, they highlight that the uncertainty around articulating the “right” number of children is unresolvable because the ability to send children to school is predicated on increasing agricultural outputs that…

    Date Published:
    2021-03
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten, Susan Shepler
    Abstract:

    This is the Introduction to a special issue examining the West African Ebola epidemic of 2014-2016; there is no abstract.

    NOTE: This is a preprint version of Bolten, Catherine, and Susan Shepler. “Producing Ebola: Creating Knowledge In and About an Epidemic.” Anthropological Quarterly 90, no. 2 (2017): 349-368. https://doi.org/10.1353/anq.2017.0022.

    Date Published:
    2017-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten
    Abstract:

    Residents of Makeni, Sierra Leone narrate the chaos, uncertainty, and terror of their town’s occupation by rebels by speaking of time in ways substantively different than those used to mark ordinary times. Instead of “what happened” and “when,” narrators have created a mnemonic community emphasizing “who happened,” and maintain the sense of suspended time and hopelessness that define their story of abandonment by the government. This article shows that people explicitly denied the preeminence…

    Date Published:
    2014-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten
    Abstract:

    The implementation of child rights legislation in the African nation of Sierra Leone has revealed children articulating novel values for education and labor. Corporal punishment was used to reinforce for children the importance of schooling and uncompensated household labor to their development as people. With its legal banning, children are forming values that conflict with those held by elders and with rights doctrine itself. They differentiate between productive “work,” useful be…

    Date Published:
    2018-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten, Adam Goguen
    Abstract:

    The Ebola epidemic unfolded in radically divergent manners in two neighboring villages in Sierra Leone, with one recording 40 cases and 20 deaths and the other recording zero cases, though they are located only 100 meters apart. Presented with identical information about Ebola’s cause and modes of transmission, one chief reacted by attempting to shield his village from outside knowledge and influence, encouraging his people to continue their normal practices of care and communion, and the…

    Date Published:
    2017-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten
    Abstract:

    The 2012 national election laws in Sierra Leone addressed the campaign violence and discord experienced in previous elections with heavy restrictions on everyday freedoms such as movement, expression, and assembly. The sitting government requested the presence of international observer missions to legitimate the election as “democratic” in spite of these human rights restrictions. Rather than transforming local practices to conform with international norms, Sierra Leonean lawmakers…

    Date Published:
    2016-12
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten
    Abstract:

    Education was historically valued in Sierra Leone as a possession that conveyed and expressed elite status, with the revered, authoritative teacher being the gatekeeper. The erosion of teachers’ authority through government policies designed to universalize access to education has called into question the once-certain high status of the educated. With the future now ambiguous, students and teachers undertake “practices of uncertainty,” engaging in symbolic boundary work to disti…

    Date Published:
    2015-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Mercedes A.Bravo, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Abstract Background Persistent disparities in academic performance may result from a confluence of adverse exposures accruing disproportionately to specific subpopulations.

    Objective Our overarching objective was to investigate how multiple exposures experienced over time affect early childhood educational outcomes. We were specifically interested in whether there were: racial/ethnic disparities in prevalence of adverse exposures; racial/ethnic disparities in associations observed between ad…

    Date Published:
    2021-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Ji-Young Son, Rebecca L.Muenich, Danica Schaffer-Smith, Marie Lynn Miranda , Michelle L.Bella
    Abstract:

    Background Several studies have reported environmental disparities regarding exposure to concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Public health implications of environmental justice from the intensive livestock industry are of great concern in North Carolina (NC), USA, a state with a large number and extensive history of CAFOs.

    Objectives We examined disparities by exposure to CAFOs using several environmental justice metrics and considering potentially vulnerable subpopulations.

    Met…

    Date Published:
    2021-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    David C. Bailey, Michael D. Seamon, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Summary What is already known about this topic?

    Although various implementation strategies for SARS-CoV-2 testing on college and university campuses have been described, little has been published regarding successful responses to COVID-19 outbreaks on campus.

    What is added by this report?

    In response to a COVID-19 outbreak on a university campus in August 2020, rapid implementation of multiple measures, including aggressive testing, tracing, and isolation; enhanced data systems; and commun…

    Date Published:
    2021-01-29
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten
    Abstract:

    Civilians in Makeni, Sierra Leone, describe their relationship with the ex-combatants of the rebel RUF as a state of being “sensitized” to their presence. I argue that “sensitization” connotes civilians’ acceptance of ex-combatants living among them, while they refuse to incorporate ex-combatants into the social order. Civilians, although treating the war as a “state of exception,” refuse to grant ex-combatants the grace of belonging to this exceptional time. They question whether youth socia…

    Date Published:
    2012-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten
    Abstract:

    The wages paid to local employees by international NGOs and the grants given to community organizations are an understudied aspect of the effect of aid on war-affected countries. In this article, I explore how wages and grants become part of social networks in Makeni, in northern Sierra Leone, and argue that cash infusions cause tension within networks and between payees and INGOs because organizations refuse to “inflate” wages and grants, and yet recipients suffer extreme poverty and support…

    Date Published:
    2014-03
    Record Visibility:
    Public